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Policy Responses to External Imbalances in Emerging Market Economies
			: Further Empirical Results

Policy Responses to External Imbalances in Emerging Market Economies : Further Empirical Results »

Volume/Issue: 1998/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Carranza , and Chorng-Huey Wong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451948189.001

ISBN: 9781451948189

Keywords: capital inflows, emerging market economies, external imbalances, policy designs, causality test, current account, capital account, current account balance, current account deficits

A bivariate vector-autoregression (VAR) model is used to test causal relations between the current account and the capital account in four emerging market economies. The results show that high capital mobility coul...

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets
			: Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets : Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals »

Volume/Issue: 2015/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Stijn Claessens , and Damien Puy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526638.001

ISBN: 9781513526638

Keywords: Push factors, global banks, markets, portfolio, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Portfolio Choice,

This paper analyzes the behavior of gross capital inflows across 34 emerging markets (EMs). We first confirm that aggregate inflows to EMs co-move considerably. We then report three findings: (i) the aggregate co-m...

Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality

Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2001/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Wade , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843262.001

ISBN: 9781451843262

Keywords: lotteries, probability, expropriation, equation, credit markets, equations, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper studies the relationship between wealth inequality and occupational choice between rent-seeking and production. With imperfect credit markets and a fixed cost to rent-seeking, only wealthy agents choose...

The GATS Agreementon Financial Services
			: A Modest Start to Multilateral Liberalization

The GATS Agreementon Financial Services : A Modest Start to Multilateral Liberalization »

Volume/Issue: 1997/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451969221.001

ISBN: 9781451969221

Keywords: financial sector, financial services, market access, mfn, financial sector development

This paper analyzes the links between multilateral, and unilateral financial liberalization, the former represented by the General Agreements on Trade in Services (GATS). It provides an overview of the main feature...

The Impact of the Great Recession on Emerging Markets

The Impact of the Great Recession on Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2010/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ferhan Salman , Mali Chivakul , and Ricardo Llaudes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209378.001

ISBN: 9781455209378

Keywords: global crisis, vulnerabilities, linkages, pre-crisis, current account, external debt, short-term debt, credit booms, Global Outlook, International Policy Coordination and Transmission

This paper examines the impact of the recent global crisis on emerging market economies (EMs). Our cross-country analysis shows that the impact of the crisis was more pronounced in those EMs that had initial weaker...

The Impact of Tradeon Wages
			: What If Countries Are Not Small?

The Impact of Tradeon Wages : What If Countries Are Not Small? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864151.001

ISBN: 9781451864151

Keywords: wage, skilled labor, tariff rates, intermediate inputs, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium,

This paper explores the effect of trade on the relative wage of less-skilled labor through its effect on world prices, which are typically exogenously given under the small open economy assumption. Using the 1995 i...

The Potential Role for Securitizing Public Sector Revenue Flows
			: An Application to the Philippines

The Potential Role for Securitizing Public Sector Revenue Flows : An Application to the Philippines »

Volume/Issue: 2002/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852905.001

ISBN: 9781451852905

Keywords: securitization, debt service, capital markets, credit rating, General Financial Markets,

Since the mid-1980s, the securitization of future flow receivables has grown in importance as a financing alternative for the public sector. In a world of perfect capital markets, there appears to be little rationa...

Transformation of Markets and Policy Instruments for Open Market Operations

Transformation of Markets and Policy Instruments for Open Market Operations »

Volume/Issue: 1995/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Axilrod

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856590.001

ISBN: 9781451856590

Keywords: central bank, open market operations, monetary policy, government securities, money market

As developing countries and economies in transition have relied on deregulated, competitive markets to spur growth, their central banks have shifted toward using open market operations as a tool of monetary policy....

Were Bid-Ask Spreads in the Foreign Exchange Market Excessive During the Asian Crisis?

Were Bid-Ask Spreads in the Foreign Exchange Market Excessive During the Asian Crisis? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torbjorn Becker , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860535.001

ISBN: 9781451860535

Keywords: market microstructure, bid-ask spreads, Asian crisis, exchange rate, pre-crisis, pre- crisis,

Bid-ask spreads for Asian emerging market currencies increased sharply during the Asian crisis. A key question is whether such wide spreads were excessive or explained by models of bid-ask spreads. Precrisis estima...

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold?

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552607.001

ISBN: 9781475552607

Keywords: Cambodia, Cambodia, China, Cross country analysis, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Emerging markets, Economic integration, Economic growth, Philippines, Indonesia

This paper looks at the effects of a China slowdown on Emerging Market Economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand) and Frontier Developing Economies (Cambodia, Lao P.D.R., and Vietnam) in ASEAN. The main finding...