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World Economic Outlook, April 2017

Gaining Momentum?

The latest report shows that global economic activity is finally picking up, but structural impediments and a balance of risks tilted to the downside remain.

II Initial Conditions and the Setting of IMF-Supported Programs

II Initial Conditions and the Setting of IMF-Supported Programs »

Source: The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

Introduction In the archetypical IMF-supported program, a member faces external financing difficulties and external and internal imbalances, requiring stabilization measures. Under a...

II Introduction

II Introduction »

Source: The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

The exchange rate plays a larger role in monetary policy for inflation-targeting emerging economies than for inflation-targeting advanced economies. Inflation-targeting emerging economies have less flexible...

II Nature of Exchange Rate Regimes

II Nature of Exchange Rate Regimes »

Source: Exit Strategies : Policy Options for Countries Seeking Exchange Rate Flexibility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Barry Eichengreen , Inci Ötker , A. Hamann , Esteban Jadresic , R. Johnston , Hugh Bredenkamp , and Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 1998

ISBN: 9781557757340

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, exchange rate regime, monetary policy, monetary fund

The appropriate choice of an exchange rate regime and the economic and other factors that should influence that choice are the subjects of an immense literature. 1 Th...

II Output Performance in Transition

II Output Performance in Transition »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

One of the most striking features of Vietnam’s transition to a market economy has been the resilience of output. The level of general economic activity never declined; there was only a temporary deceleration...

II Overview of Adjustment

II Overview of Adjustment »

Source: Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

Under the IMF’s mandate, resolving member countries’ external financing problems must receive priority in IMF-supported programs; this objective, however, should be pursued with sensitivity toward the ultima...

II The Choice of Exchange Rate Regime

II The Choice of Exchange Rate Regime »

Source: The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

Given the primacy of external adjustment and macroeconomic stability in IMF-supported programs, a natural starting point is the exchange rate regime. In particular, a flexible exchange rate can allow for mor...

III Cross-Country Evidence on Factors Influencing Growth

III Cross-Country Evidence on Factors Influencing Growth »

Source: Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

This section draws upon cross-country evidence for as large a group of countries as possible, to examine some of the long-term influences on growth and the role of several policy-related variables. With the...

III Dollarization in Cambodia

III Dollarization in Cambodia »

Source: Economic Policy in a Highly Dollarized Economy : The Case of Cambodia

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589061897

Keywords: Dollarization, national bank, inflation, foreign currency, currency board

The notion of dollarization emerged as a novel economic phenomenon in the 1980s in Latin America. Early discussions of this phenomenon in the literature revolved around that region’s experience with the incr...

III Experience with Pegged Rates

III Experience with Pegged Rates »

Source: Exit Strategies : Policy Options for Countries Seeking Exchange Rate Flexibility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Barry Eichengreen , Inci Ötker , A. Hamann , Esteban Jadresic , R. Johnston , Hugh Bredenkamp , and Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 1998

ISBN: 9781557757340

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, exchange rate regime, monetary policy, monetary fund

The trend toward greater exchange rate flexibility for developing and transition countries is a prominent theme in the recent evolution of the international monetary system. As detailed in Inter...

III External Viability

III External Viability »

Source: The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

IMF resources are made available to member countries to correct balance of payments imbalances while easing the burden of adjustment (Box 2.3). An obvious starting point for judging program success is theref...