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3 Refinance Instruments: Lessons from Their Use in Some Industrial Countries

3 Refinance Instruments: Lessons from Their Use in Some Industrial Countries »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

Many central banks are gradually shifting from a system of direct controls toward the implementation of monetary policy through market-oriented instruments. However, often the central bank is co...

2 Reserve Requirements and Monetary Management: An Introduction

2 Reserve Requirements and Monetary Management: An Introduction »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

The state supplies “outside,” or base, money in the form of currency and reserve deposits with the central bank to serve as the ultimate means of settling transactions. Demand for outside money...

4 Use of Central Bank Credit Auctions in Economies in Transition

4 Use of Central Bank Credit Auctions in Economies in Transition »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

Auctions or tenders are used as means of allocating portions of central bank credit in many industrial and developing countries. 1 In these countries, credit auctions...

5. Use of Foreign Exchange Swaps by Central Banks

5. Use of Foreign Exchange Swaps by Central Banks »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

A foreign exchange swap is a financial transaction in which two counterparties exchange specific amounts of two different currencies at the outset and repay at a future date according to a prede...