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Fiscal Monitor, April 2019

Curbing Corruption

The April 2019 edition of Fiscal Monitor is focused on two broad themes: fiscal policy in a fast-changing global economy and curbing corruption.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Rapid Credit Growth
			: Boon or Boom-Bust?

Rapid Credit Growth : Boon or Boom-Bust? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/241

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463922627.001

ISBN: 9781463922627

Keywords: boom-bust cycles, emerging Asia, capital inflows, credit boom, current account deficits, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Episodes of rapid credit growth, especially credit booms, tend to end abruptly, typically in the form of financial crises. This paper presents the findings of a comprehensive event study focusing on 99 credit booms...

Social and Political Factors in a Model of Endogenous Economic Growth and Distribution
			: An Application to the Philippines

Social and Political Factors in a Model of Endogenous Economic Growth and Distribution : An Application to the Philippines »

Volume/Issue: 1996/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delano Villanueva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929461.001

ISBN: 9781451929461

Keywords: growth rate, wage, wages, economic growth, growth model

This paper proposes a model of endogenous economic growth and distribution explicitly incorporating social extraction and political competition, with an application to the Philippine historical experience. The majo...

Sources of Economic Growth in East Asia
			: A Nonparametric Assessment

Sources of Economic Growth in East Asia : A Nonparametric Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , Shigeru Iwata , and Hiroshi Murao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843019.001

ISBN: 9781451843019

Keywords: TFP growth, nonparametric regression, tfp, economic growth, growth rate, standard errors, growth rates, Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

The conventional growth-accounting approach to estimating the sources of economic growth requires unrealistically strong assumptions about the competitiveness of factor markets and the form of the underlying aggreg...

The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth

The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2003/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Brunner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845594.001

ISBN: 9781451845594

Keywords: panel data model, trade share, gdp per capita, bilateral trade, growth rate, international trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems,

This paper examines the dynamic relationship between trade and income. While most economists agree that increased trade leads to an increase in average income, economic theory is ambiguous about the possible effect...

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold?

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552607.001

ISBN: 9781475552607

Keywords: Cambodia, Cambodia, China, Cross country analysis, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Emerging markets, Economic integration, Economic growth, Philippines, Indonesia

This paper looks at the effects of a China slowdown on Emerging Market Economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand) and Frontier Developing Economies (Cambodia, Lao P.D.R., and Vietnam) in ASEAN. The main finding...

When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence

When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2004/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aart Kraay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846676.001

ISBN: 9781451846676

Keywords: growth, pro-poor growth, changes in poverty, pro-poor, distributional change, poverty line, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Growth is pro-poor if the poverty measure of interest falls. This implies three potential sources of pro-poor growth: (a) a high rate of growth of average incomes; (b) a high sensitivity of poverty to growth in ave...

Information Technology and Productivity Growth in Asia

Information Technology and Productivity Growth in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2003/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Il Lee , and Yougesh Khatri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843286.001

ISBN: 9781451843286

Keywords: Growth, ict, tfp, growth accounting, information technology, economic growth,

The contribution of the information and communication technology (ICT) sector to growth in Asian economies is clearly evident from the expenditure side (net exports) and became particularly significant in the secon...

Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth
			: A Conceptual and Empirical Review

Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth : A Conceptual and Empirical Review »

Volume/Issue: 1991/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delano Villanueva , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844566.001

ISBN: 9781451844566

Keywords: economic growth, gnp, growth rate, terms of trade, per capita income

This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical aspects of the relationship between macroeconomic policies and the long-run rate of growth of GNP. The macroeconomic policies examined include fiscal policies, monet...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa
			: Benchmarking the Constraints

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints »

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866162.001

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

When is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan

When is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan »

Volume/Issue: 2002/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850765.001

ISBN: 9781451850765

Keywords: domestic savings, growth rate, rapid economic growth, export earnings, Development Planning And Policy, Economywide Country Studies,

This paper focuses on two central issues related to the contrasting experiences of Malaysia and Pakistan regarding poverty reduction. First, it examines the structure of economic growth and its proximate determinan...