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Foreign Currency Credit Ratings for Emerging Market Economies

Foreign Currency Credit Ratings for Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2001/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roberto Perrelli , and Christian Mulder

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859713.001

ISBN: 9781451859713

Keywords: foreign currency credit ratings, economic crises., statistics, autocorrelation, equation, short-term debt, covariance, International Lending and Debt Problems, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Economic Crises,

This paper examines how ratings for emerging market economies have been set. Given the high degree of autocorrelation in ratings, we use estimators that yield consistent parameters in the presence of such correlati...

Foreign Currency Deposits and the Demand for Money in Developing Countries

Foreign Currency Deposits and the Demand for Money in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1992/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Pierre-Richard Agénor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451931303.001

ISBN: 9781451931303

Keywords: foreign currency, equation, statistics, statistic, forward-looking model

This paper examines the relative demands for domestic and foreign currency deposits by residents of developing countries. A dynamic currency substitution model that incorporates forward-looking rational expectation...

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments
			: What Works in Emerging Market Economies?

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments : What Works in Emerging Market Economies? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , Emanuele Baldacci , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857528.001

ISBN: 9781451857528

Keywords: fiscal consolidations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal sustainability, probability, statistics, Duration Analysis, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper investigates the political and economic determinants of successful fiscal adjustment in 25 emerging market economies from 1980 to 2001. The results show that large and back-loaded fiscal adjustments have...

Global Poverty Estimates
			: A Sensitivity Analysis

Global Poverty Estimates : A Sensitivity Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2011/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Camelia Minoiu , and Shatakshee Dhongde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463922009.001

ISBN: 9781463922009

Keywords: global poverty, household surveys, international poverty line, poverty line, surveys, statistics, Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions

Current estimates of global poverty vary substantially across studies. In this paper we undertake a novel sensitivity analysis to highlight the importance of methodological choices in estimating global poverty. We...

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2008/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjay Kalra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870664.001

ISBN: 9781451870664

Keywords: Forex returns, GARCH models, volatility, exchange rate, standard deviation, statistics, heteroscedasticity,

During 2001-07, increases in mature market volatility were associated with declines in forex returns for East Asian countries, consistent with an overall "flight to safety" effect. Estimates from GARCH models sugge...

Imperfect Information and Saving in a Small Open Economy

Imperfect Information and Saving in a Small Open Economy »

Volume/Issue: 2011/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Agustin Roitman , and Christian Daude

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455221042.001

ISBN: 9781455221042

Keywords: saving, uncertainty, Bayesian learning, Markov switching, autocorrelation, stochastic process, correlation, probabilities, statistics, Asymmetric and Private Information,

Emerging markets are more volatile and face different types of shocks, in size and nature, compared to their developed counterparts. Accurate identification of the stochastic properties of shocks is difficult. We s...

The Treatment of Nonperforming Loans in Macroeconomic Statistics

The Treatment of Nonperforming Loans in Macroeconomic Statistics »

Volume/Issue: 2001/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cornelis Gorter , and Adriaan Bloem

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874754.001

ISBN: 9781451874754

Keywords: General statistics, loan accounting, interest, debt, nonperforming loans, creditor, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data,

This paper seeks to promote discussion on the treatment of nonperforming loans in macroeconomic statistics. After reviewing current recommendations in international statistical manuals and the guidelines provided b...

Institutions Rule
			: The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development

Institutions Rule : The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development »

Volume/Issue: 2002/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Francesco Trebbi , and Dani Rodrik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859621.001

ISBN: 9781451859621

Keywords: Institutions, integration, geography, equation, statistics, dummy variable, equations, samples, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that t...

Interest Rate Arbitrage in Currency Baskets
			: Forecasting Weights and Measuring Risk

Interest Rate Arbitrage in Currency Baskets : Forecasting Weights and Measuring Risk »

Volume/Issue: 1999/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Christoffersen , and Lorenzo Giorgianni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843385.001

ISBN: 9781451843385

Keywords: Time-varying Parameters, Cointegration, Exchange Rates, exchange rate, equation, statistics, currency basket

When constructing hedged interest rate arbitrage portfolios for basket currencies, two issues arise: first, how are the unknown future basket weights optimally forecasted from past exchange rate data? And, second,...

Kernel Density Estimation Based on Grouped Data
			: The Case of Poverty Assessment

Kernel Density Estimation Based on Grouped Data : The Case of Poverty Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2008/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Camelia Minoiu , and Sanjay Reddy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870411.001

ISBN: 9781451870411

Keywords: kernel density estimation, grouped data, statistics, poverty line, survey, surveys, household surveys,

We analyze the performance of kernel density methods applied to grouped data to estimate poverty (as applied in Sala-i-Martin, 2006, QJE). Using Monte Carlo simulations and household surveys, we find that the techn...