Browse

You are looking at 111 - 120 of 252 items

  • Keywords: privatization x
Clear All
Sovereign Default Risk and Private Sector Access to Capital in Emerging Markets

Sovereign Default Risk and Private Sector Access to Capital in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2010/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Michael Papaioannou , and Christoph Trebesch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451961942.001

ISBN: 9781451961942

Keywords: Sovereign default, Private sector access, capital markets, external borrowing, sovereign defaults,

Top down spillovers of sovereign default risk can have serious consequences for the private sector in emerging markets. This paper analyzes the effects of these spillovers using firm-level data from 31 emerging mar...

Private Information, Capital Flows, and Exchange Rates

Private Information, Capital Flows, and Exchange Rates »

Volume/Issue: 2012/213

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jacob Gyntelberg , Subhanij Tientip , and Mico Loretan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505634.001

ISBN: 9781475505634

Keywords: Order flow, private information, exchange rate models, market microstructure, bond, bond market, stock market, bonds,

We demonstrate empirically that not all capital flows influence exchange rates equally: Capital flows induced by foreign investors' stock market transactions have both an economically significant and a permanent im...

Private Investment in Developing Countries
			: An Empirical Analysis

Private Investment in Developing Countries : An Empirical Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 1990/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451977028.001

ISBN: 9781451977028

Keywords: private investment, investment rate, public investment, investment activity, commercial banks

This paper analyzes the effects of several policy and other macro-economic variables on the ratio of private investment to GDP in developing countries. Using data for a sample of 23 developing countries over the pe...

Saving in Southeast Asia and Latin America Compared
			: Searching for Policy Lessons

Saving in Southeast Asia and Latin America Compared : Searching for Policy Lessons »

Volume/Issue: 1997/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Thimann , and Anuradha Dayal-Gulati

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853308.001

ISBN: 9781451853308

Keywords: Saving, Southeast Asia, Latin America, private saving, pension, dependency ratio, retirement, funded pension

This paper examines empirical determinants of private saving for a sample of economies in Southeast Asia and Latin America over the period 1975–95. It uses panel estimations to establish relationships betwee...

Saving Trends in Southeast Asia
			: A Cross-Country Analysis

Saving Trends in Southeast Asia : A Cross-Country Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 1995/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Aasim Husain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845778.001

ISBN: 9781451845778

Keywords: cointegration, private saving, provident fund, statistic, equation

This paper investigates the long-run pattern of private saving in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. These countries have not only maintained saving levels that are currently among the highest in the wor...

Singapore, Inc. Versus the Private Sector
			: Are Government-Linked Companies Different?

Singapore, Inc. Versus the Private Sector : Are Government-Linked Companies Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2003/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ling Tan , and Carlos Ramírez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857429.001

ISBN: 9781451857429

Keywords: investment spending, capital markets, capital stock, subsidiaries, private sector counterparts

Government-linked companies (GLCs) have a significant presence in Singapore's corporate sector. Unlike parastatals in many other countries, these companies are run on a competitive, commercial basis, ostensibly wit...

Sovereign Default, Private Sector Creditors and the IFIs

Sovereign Default, Private Sector Creditors and the IFIs »

Volume/Issue: 2009/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emine Boz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871944.001

ISBN: 9781451871944

Keywords: sovereign debt and default, IFIs, debt, commercial debt, creditors, interest, private sector creditors,

This paper builds a model of a sovereign borrower that has access to credit from private sector creditors and an IFI. Private sector creditors and the IFI offer different debt contracts that are modelled based on t...

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation »

Volume/Issue: 2001/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chandra Bhambhri , and Parkash Chander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854909.001

ISBN: 9781451854909

Keywords: subsidy, reforms, quality, deadweight loss, budgetary constraints, fiscal savings, fiscal balance, Consumer Economics: Theory, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents

This paper presents a general framework for characterizing the optimal pattern of subsidies for poverty alleviation under budgetary constraints and suggests possible reforms for the existing pattern of subsidies. T...

Surging Capital Flows to Emerging Asia
			: Facts, Impacts, and Responses

Surging Capital Flows to Emerging Asia : Facts, Impacts, and Responses »

Volume/Issue: 2012/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sylwia Nowak , Sanjaya Panth , Ravi Balakrishnan , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503821.001

ISBN: 9781475503821

Keywords: capital flows, net capital flows, net capital, private capital flows, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

Net capital flows to emerging Asia rebounded at a record pace following the global financial crisis, raising concerns about overheating and financial stability. This paper documents the size and composition of the...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education
			: Causes and Consequences

The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875027.001

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...