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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Estimating Potential Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Estimating Potential Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2015/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Abajyan , and Mark Fischer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545364.001

ISBN: 9781475545364

Keywords: potential growth, output gap, production function, Middle East, Central Asia., growth, capital, labor, tfp,

The Middle East and Central Asia's economic growth potential is slowing faster than in other emerging and developing regions, dampening hopes for reducing persistent unemployment and improving the region's genera...

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865325.001

ISBN: 9781451865325

Keywords: retirement, health care, pension, health insurance, medical care, Analysis of Health Care Markets, Health Production, Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education

Many Asian countries (such as China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines) will experience a significant aging of their populations during the next several decades. This paper...

Mauritius The Drivers of Growth-Can the Past be Extended?

Mauritius The Drivers of Growth-Can the Past be Extended? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Martin Petri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498392372.001

ISBN: 9781498392372

Keywords: Growth, growth accounting, tfp, growth rates, labor market, General,

Mauritius's economic performance has been called 'the Mauritian miracle' and the 'success of Africa' (Romer, 1992; Frankel, 2010; Stiglitz, 2011), despite difficult initial conditions that led a Nobel Prize Winner...

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasser Abdih , and Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331613.001

ISBN: 9781484331613

Keywords: Informal economy, latent variable, Caucasus and Central Asia, labor market, employment, labor force, self employment, total employment, General, Structure and Scope of Government

This study estimates the size of the informal economy, and the relative contribution of each underlying factor, for the Caucasus and Central Asia countries in 2008. Using a Multiple Indicator-Multiple Cause model,...

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth
			: Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth : Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ravi Balakrishnan , Chad Steinberg , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475531169.001

ISBN: 9781475531169

Keywords: Inequality, Labor Market, pro-poor, gini, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Government Policy and Regulation, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper assesses how pro-poor and inclusive Asia’s recent growth has been, and what factors have been driving these outcomes. It finds that while poverty has fallen across the region over the last two dec...

The Impact of Tradeon Wages
			: What If Countries Are Not Small?

The Impact of Tradeon Wages : What If Countries Are Not Small? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864151.001

ISBN: 9781451864151

Keywords: wage, skilled labor, tariff rates, intermediate inputs, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium,

This paper explores the effect of trade on the relative wage of less-skilled labor through its effect on world prices, which are typically exogenously given under the small open economy assumption. Using the 1995 i...

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1997/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Turner , and Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922882.001

ISBN: 9781451922882

Keywords: effective exchange rates, exchange rates, reer, unit labor costs, exchange rate

This paper attempts to extend the range of countries covered by the IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indexes based on relative unit labor costs (REER-ULCs) in manufacturing. A data set was assembled tha...

Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor

Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor »

Volume/Issue: 2004/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852721.001

ISBN: 9781451852721

Keywords: Agglomeration, matching, spatial mismatch, interregional trade, trade costs, skilled workers, free trade, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Labor Contracts, Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity

We show in the context of a new economic geography model that when labor is heterogenous trade liberalization may lead to industrial agglomeration and interregional trade. Labor heterogeneity gives local monopoly p...

Treasury Bills and/Or Central Bank Bills for Absorbing Surplus Liquidity
			: The Main Considerations

Treasury Bills and/Or Central Bank Bills for Absorbing Surplus Liquidity : The Main Considerations »

Volume/Issue: 2012/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Obert Nyawata

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933838.001

ISBN: 9781463933838

Keywords: consolidated public sector, central bank, government securities, debt management, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs: Public Policy,

This paper discusses the challenging question of whether central banks should use treasury bills or central bank bills for draining excess liquidity in the banking system. While recognizing that there are practical...

Wages, Profitability, and Growth in a Small Open Economy

Wages, Profitability, and Growth in a Small Open Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1990/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bankim Chadha

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974188.001

ISBN: 9781451974188

Keywords: wage, labor force, wage increases, labor costs

This paper examines issues raised by the evolution of a rapidly growing small open economy—Singapore—from a labor-intensive, low-technology production base to a capital-intensive, high-technology, kno...