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External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis

External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis »

Source: External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis : What is Different This Time?

Volume/Issue: 2010/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): F. Gulcin Ozkan , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201419

Keywords: entrepreneurs, domestic economy, entrepreneur, open economy, domestic goods, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, international Finance, macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper develops a two-country DSGE model to investigate the transmission of a global financial crisis to a small open economy. We find that economies hit by a sudden stop arising from financial distress in the...

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy*

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy* »

Source: Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy

Volume/Issue: 2014/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Giordani , Nadia Rocha , and Michele Ruta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498320382

Keywords: Loss aversion, Multiplier effect, Food crisis, domestic price, world price, global trade, import tariff, import subsidy, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Global Commodity Crises

This paper studies the relationship between trade policy and food prices. We show that, when individuals are loss averse, governments may use trade policy to shield the domestic economy from large food price shocks...

How Does Industrialization Affect the Structure of International Trade? the Japanese Experience in the Pacific Basin, 1975-85

How Does Industrialization Affect the Structure of International Trade? the Japanese Experience in the Pacific Basin, 1975-85 »

Source: How Does Industrialization Affect the Structure of International Trade? the Japanese Experience in the Pacific Basin, 1975-85

Volume/Issue: 1994/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sayuri Shirai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1994

ISBN: 9781451851779

Keywords: industry trade, international trade, factor endowments, trade volume, manufacturing sector, Research Department,

This paper provides a theoretical model to address the issue of how industrialization affects the structure of international trade. Considering both horizontal and vertical product differentiation, the model shows...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

In recent decades many countries have dismantled trade barriers and opened their economies to international competition. Trade liberalization is seen to promote econ...

II Potential Revenue Implications of Trade Reform

II Potential Revenue Implications of Trade Reform »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

Economists often rank trade liberalization reforms by order of importance, giving highest priority to the reduction or removal of quantitative restrictions and other non tariff barriers to trade...

III Analysis of Trade Liberalization and Revenue Developments

III Analysis of Trade Liberalization and Revenue Developments »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

This section considers the interplay between trade liberalization and revenue from international trade taxes in recent decades. The intent is to review what has actually occurred, in order to ga...

IMF Data Standards Initiatives

IMF Data Standards Initiatives »

Source: IMF Data Standards Initiatives : A Consultative Approach To Enhancing Global Data Transparency

Volume/Issue: 2006/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne Kester

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863628

Keywords: data standards, Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board, international standards, sdds, standards, internet, International Economics: General, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Corporate Finance And Governance,

Since the IMF launched the data standards initiatives a decade ago, 145 of its 184 member countries have participated. This 80 percent participation rate reaffirms the importance countries place on data transparenc...

International Trade in Services
			: Implications for the Fund

International Trade in Services : Implications for the Fund »

Volume/Issue: 2003/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Alexander Lehmann , and Jaroslaw Wieczorek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972207.003

ISBN: 9781451972207

Keywords: International trade, international services trade, coherence, WTO, trade in services, services trade, services sectors, financial services, international trade in services,

This paper reviews the characteristics of international trade in services and of the World Trade Organization’s General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) framework, which was established to regulate it....

Singapore
			: Selected Issues

Singapore : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2005/140

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451923254.002

ISBN: 9781451923254

Keywords: export growth, export, trading partners, standard errors, international trade

This Selected Issues paper analyzes quality upgrading and low-wage competition for Singapore. The analysis concludes that quality upgrading is indeed taking place in some products where low-wage competitors are ent...

An Investigation of Output Variance Before and During Inflation Targeting

An Investigation of Output Variance Before and During Inflation Targeting »

Volume/Issue: 2001/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Nadal De Simone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875041.001

ISBN: 9781451875041

Keywords: output variance, Markov-switching, inflation, reduction in inflation, inflation-targeting, Econometric Methods: - Multiple/simultaneous Equation Models, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

Since Taylor estimated a trade-off between inflation and output variance, it has been widely accepted that efforts to keep the inflation rate “too low and stable” will likely result in relatively larg...