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Appendix I Real Exchange Rate Movements and External Competitiveness

Appendix I Real Exchange Rate Movements and External Competitiveness »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Movements in the real exchange rate are summarized in Charts 6 and 7, which show the path of the real effective exchange rate (that is, the trade-weighted exchange rate adjusted for...

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The reform strategy implemented in the Lao P.D.R. since 1985 has recognized the importance of external resources—both official and private—in accelerating economic transformation an...

Appendix II Statistical Tables

Appendix II Statistical Tables »

Source: Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Kahn , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753502

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, foreign exchange, capital outflows, current account

Table A1. Capital Accounts Flows 1 (In millions of dollars,...

Appendix III Legal and Constitutional Reform

Appendix III Legal and Constitutional Reform »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Before the takeover in late 1975, the Kingdom of the Lao P.D.R. had the Constitution of 1947 and an essentially two-tier legal framework: civil affairs, such as family, dowry, inher...

Appendix IV Structure of the Tax System, End-1994

Appendix IV Structure of the Tax System, End-1994 »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Tax Exemptions and Deductions Rate...

Appendix 2 Outreach Activities in FY2008

Appendix 2 Outreach Activities in FY2008 »

Source: IEO Annual Report, 2008

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067790

Keywords: conditionality, structural conditionality, exchange rate policy, trade policy issues, international trade

June 13–15, 2007, Gothenburg, Sweden IEO Director’s attendance at workshop on civil society and governance July 25, 2007, Ottawa, Canada...

Appendix V The Lao Government's Policy Agenda, 1994/95–1999/2000

Appendix V The Lao Government's Policy Agenda, 1994/95–1999/2000 »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

As described in the Committee for Planning and Cooperation's Medium-Term Policy Framework and Public Investment Program, the Lao Government's ambitious policy agenda for 1994/95–199...

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America? »

Source: Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Volume/Issue: 1997/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451927313

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, exchange rate fluctuations, nominal exchange rate

This paper compares business cycles in Asia and in Latin America using structural vector autoregression analysis with panel data. The evidence for countries in these regions suggests that (i) the main source of out...

Are Currency Crises Predictable?1

Are Currency Crises Predictable?1 »

Source: Are Currency Crises Predictable?

Volume/Issue: 1997/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Valdes , and Ilan Goldfajn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

ISBN: 9781451857634

Keywords: exchange rate, overvaluation, real exchange rate, currency crises, nominal exchange rate

This paper studies whether exchange rate expectations and overvaluations are predictors of currency crises. The results suggest that overvaluation has predictive power in explaining crises. However, although expect...

Are Currency Crises Predictable? A Test

Are Currency Crises Predictable? A Test »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 46 No. 2

Volume: 46

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451974201

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, current account, international monetary fund

This paper analyzes the predictability of currency crises. The paper evaluates three models for predicting currency crises that were proposed before 1997. Two of the models failed to provide useful forecasts. One m...