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Fiscal Monitor, April 2019

Curbing Corruption

The April 2019 edition of Fiscal Monitor is focused on two broad themes: fiscal policy in a fast-changing global economy and curbing corruption.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Rethinking Financial Deepening
			: Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets

Rethinking Financial Deepening : Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Diana Ayala Pena , Ran Bi , Yuan Gao , Annette Kyobe , Lam Nguyen , Christian Saborowski , Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498312615.006

ISBN: 9781498312615

Keywords: Economic growth, Emerging markets, Financial stability, financial development, financial deepening, financial inclusion, finance, General, Government Policy and Regulation, Estabilidad financiera; Crecimiento económico; Desarrollo del mercado de capitales; Acceso a los mercados de capitales; Mercados emergentes

The global financial crisis experience shone a spotlight on the dangers of financial systems that have grown too big too fast. This note reexamines financial deepening, focusing on what emerging markets can learn f...

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Janet Stotsky , and Qianqian Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524535.001

ISBN: 9781513524535

Keywords: growth, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, economies, currency, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies, General, Asia including Middle East,

This study examines the drivers of growth in Asian countries, with focus on the role of investment, the exchange rate regime, financial risk, and capital account openness. We use a panel data set of a sample of Asi...

Are the Asia and Pacific Small States Different from Other Small States?

Are the Asia and Pacific Small States Different from Other Small States? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Tumbarello , Ezequiel Cabezon , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339190.001

ISBN: 9781484339190

Keywords: micro states, Pacific islands, growth, volatility, terms of trade, trade openness, current account balance, external shocks, trade deficits, Open Economy Macroeconomics

The small states of the Asia and Pacific region face unique challenges in raising their growth potential and living standards relative to other small states due to their small populations, geographical isolation an...

ASEAN Financial Integration

ASEAN Financial Integration »

Volume/Issue: 2015/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geert Almekinders , Alex Mourmouras , Jianping Zhou , Satoshi Fukuda , and Yong Sarah Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484386491.001

ISBN: 9781484386491

Keywords: Economic growth, Cross country analysis, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Capital flows, Capital account liberalization, Economic integration, Financial integration, Indonesia

The establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) at end-2015 has brought into sharp focus the issue of financial and economic integration in the region. This paper takes stock of ASEAN's financial integratio...

Asia's Quest for Inclusive Growth Revisited

Asia's Quest for Inclusive Growth Revisited »

Volume/Issue: 2015/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chie Aoyagi , and Giovanni Ganelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498340144.001

ISBN: 9781498340144

Keywords: inequality, growth, poverty, gini index, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Despite the rapid economic growth and poverty reduction, inequality in Asia worsened during last two decades. We focus on the determinants of growth inclusiveness and suggest options for reform. A cross cross-count...

Budget Support Versus Project Aid

Budget Support Versus Project Aid »

Volume/Issue: 2003/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tito Cordella , and Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851182.001

ISBN: 9781451851182

Keywords: aid policy, asymmetric information, empirical growth models, budget support, budget surplus, capital expenditures, budget constraint, capital expenditure, Asymmetric and Private Information, Welfare and Poverty: General

Should donors who are interested in the effectiveness of developmental programs rely on conditional budget support or on project aid? To answer this question, we present a model in which only a subset of the develo...

Cambodia
			: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Cambodia : Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566451.002

ISBN: 9781475566451

Keywords: Article IV consultations, Cambodia, Bank supervision, Economic growth, Debt sustainability analysis, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Global competitiveness, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

This Debt Sustainability Analysis update highlights Cambodia's continued low debt distress rating: all debt burden indicators are projected to remain below the respective thresholds. The authorities have made progr...

Demographic Dynamics and the Empirics of Economic Growth

Demographic Dynamics and the Empirics of Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 1994/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Sarel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451926880.001

ISBN: 9781451926880

Keywords: economic growth, demographic effects, growth rates, baby boom, gdp per capita

This paper examines the effects of demographic dynamics on the measured rates of economic growth. First, it develops a model of production with labor productivity that varies with age. Second, it uses macroeconomic...

East Asian Growth Before and After the Crisis

East Asian Growth Before and After the Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 1998/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): N. Crafts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855883.001

ISBN: 9781451855883

Keywords: tfp, economic growth, capital markets, growth rates, real gdp

This paper surveys the literature on the growth performance of the east Asian economies in recent decades, evaluates the sustainability of that performance, and provides a preliminary assessment of their long-term...

Emerging Asia's Impact on Australian Growth
			: Some Insights From GEM

Emerging Asia's Impact on Australian Growth : Some Insights From GEM »

Volume/Issue: 2010/262

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benjamin Hunt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210695.001

ISBN: 9781455210695

Keywords: Emerging Asia, Productivity Growth, Rebalancing, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rates, tradable goods, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation, One

Over the last decade, GDP growth in emerging Asia was roughly twice as fast as average world growth. The IMF's Global Economy Model (GEM) is used to estimate the impact that emerging Asia's growth differential has...