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I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Part II provides additional details on selected countries’ experiences with the introduction of indirect instruments. It consists of seven case studies (Chile, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico, New Zealand, a...

II Chile

II Chile »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

The transition to indirect instruments of monetary policy in Chile started as early as 1974, as part of a broad package of economic liberalization measures. The most important reforms in the monetary policy...

II Direct and Indirect Monetary Instruments

II Direct and Indirect Monetary Instruments »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Modes of Operation In implementing monetary policy, a central bank can act in two ways: directly through its regulatory powers, or indirectly through its influence on money market co...

III Egypt

III Egypt »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Egypt’s transition to indirect instruments of monetary policy has two salient elements: pervasive distortions in the economy at the outset of the transition and a drastic improvement in expectations about th...

III Issues in the Reform of Monetary Instruments

III Issues in the Reform of Monetary Instruments »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Monetary policy is a major component of economic policy in market economies and an important part of IMF-supported adjustment programs. The central bank in most countries is assigned the primary responsibili...

The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises
			: Indonesia, Korea, Brazil

The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises : Indonesia, Korea, Brazil »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): Kevin Barnes , Ali Mansoor , Benjamin Cohen , and Shinji Takagi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061880.017

ISBN: 9781589061880

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, banking sector, banking system

This report evaluates the role of the IMF in three capital account crises, in Indonesia (1997-98), Korea (1997-98), and Brazil (1998-99), and the lessons to be drawn from the experience. It also recommends steps ai...

The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises: Indonesia, Korea, Brazil

The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises: Indonesia, Korea, Brazil »

Source: The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises : Indonesia, Korea, Brazil

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): Kevin Barnes , Ali Mansoor , Benjamin Cohen , and Shinji Takagi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589061880

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, banking sector, banking system

...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2011 Article IV Consultation with Cambodia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2011 Article IV Consultation with Cambodia »

Source: Cambodia : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/46

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463939083

Keywords: banking, banking system, domestic financing, foreign exchange, external debt

This 2011 Article IV Consultation reports that Cambodia's high degree of dollarization and largely reduced fiscal space constrain the authorities' ability to cushion shocks. Macroeconomic stability hinges on prude...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2013 Article IV Consultation with Cambodia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2013 Article IV Consultation with Cambodia »

Source: Cambodia : Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475566451

Keywords: Article IV consultations, Cambodia, Bank supervision, Economic growth, Debt sustainability analysis, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Global competitiveness, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

This Debt Sustainability Analysis update highlights Cambodia's continued low debt distress rating: all debt burden indicators are projected to remain below the respective thresholds. The authorities have made progr...

Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries

Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2004/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Olaf Unteroberdoerster

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972870.003

ISBN: 9781451972870

Keywords: Cambodia, Vietnam, Banking reform, transition economics, Lao P.D.R., banking system, recapitalization, transition economies, loan classification, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation

This paper reviews recent banking reform efforts in the lower Mekong countries (LMCs), comprising Cambodia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Vietnam. Linked by close economic and cultural ties, the three L...