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III Direct Instruments

III Direct Instruments »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

...

III Egypt

III Egypt »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Egypt’s transition to indirect instruments of monetary policy has two salient elements: pervasive distortions in the economy at the outset of the transition and a drastic improvement in expectations about th...

III Issues in the Reform of Monetary Instruments

III Issues in the Reform of Monetary Instruments »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Monetary policy is a major component of economic policy in market economies and an important part of IMF-supported adjustment programs. The central bank in most countries is assigned the primary responsibili...

The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization

The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization »

Source: The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization

Volume/Issue: 1999/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miguel Savastano , and Michael Mussa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451852745

Keywords: IMF-supported programs, quantitative approach, monetary fund, monetary policy, balance of payments, central bank, external financing

This paper explains the IMF approach to economic stabilization. It argues that a Fund-supported program is a process, comprising six broadly defined phases, that evolves along a multiplicity of potential pathways....

Central Banks Use of Derivatives and Other Contingent Liabilities
			: Analytical Issues and Policy Implications

Central Banks Use of Derivatives and Other Contingent Liabilities : Analytical Issues and Policy Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2000/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Liliana Schumacher , and Mario Bléjer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848786.001

ISBN: 9781451848786

Keywords: central bank, contingent liabilities, foreign exchange, bank assets, deposit insurance

Whereas some central bank derivatives and other contingent liabilities arise from anomalous circumstances, there are a number of positive reasons that explain their popularity. After analyzing the rationale for the...

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves
			: A Simple Model

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves : A Simple Model »

Volume/Issue: 2001/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843644.001

ISBN: 9781451843644

Keywords: Currency Crisis, Speculative Attacks, Borrowing Reserves, capital controls, external borrowing, central bank, domestic currency, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

This paper addresses the important question of how far a government will run down its stock of foreign reserves in a defense of a fixed exchange rate. An optimizing model of currency crisis is presented in which th...

Liquid Asset Ratios and Financial Sector Reform

Liquid Asset Ratios and Financial Sector Reform »

Volume/Issue: 1997/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856408.001

ISBN: 9781451856408

Keywords: Banks, Banking Regulation, Central Bank Policy, liquid asset, banking, reserve requirement, financial sector, bonds

As a monetary, selective credit, and government debt-management instrument, a liquid asset ratio is generally inefficient and may introduce serious distortions. However, it may play a limited role as a prudential i...

Monetary Implications of Cross-Border Derivatives for Emerging Economies

Monetary Implications of Cross-Border Derivatives for Emerging Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2001/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Armando Méndez Morales

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847864.001

ISBN: 9781451847864

Keywords: Cross-border financial transactions, central bank, derivative, hedging, monetary fund, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

This paper surveys concepts, practices and analytical literature to assess benefits and risks for monetary stability of cross-border currency and interest rate derivative operations in calm and turbulent periods, w...

Re-Establishing Credible Nominal Anchors After a Financial Crisis
			: A Review of Recent Experience

Re-Establishing Credible Nominal Anchors After a Financial Crisis : A Review of Recent Experience »

Volume/Issue: 2003/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Zanello , Mark Stone , Christopher Jarvis , and Andrew Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849899.001

ISBN: 9781451849899

Keywords: nominal anchor, inflation, foreign exchange, central bank, inflation targeting, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes,

This paper studies the question of how to achieve monetary policy credibility and price stability after a financial crisis. We draw stylized facts and conclusions from ten recent cases: Brazil (1999); Bulgaria (199...

Statistical Issues of Debt Conversions

Statistical Issues of Debt Conversions »

Volume/Issue: 1988/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981056.001

ISBN: 9781451981056

Keywords: central bank, debt conversion, external debt, debtor country, debt conversions

This paper examines two aspects of debt conversions. First, it examines general aspects of secondary markets of developing countries’ bank debt, and the debt conversions that have taken place in a number of...