Browse

You are looking at 51 - 60 of 110 items

  • Keywords: equation x
Clear All
Real Exchange Rates and Commodity Prices

Real Exchange Rates and Commodity Prices »

Volume/Issue: 1996/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dominique Dupont , and V. Juan-Ramon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844474.001

ISBN: 9781451844474

Keywords: equation, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, logarithm

This paper examines the relations between fluctuations in real exchange rates among the major currencies and fluctuations in real commodity prices. Increased exchange rate volatility calls for a better understandin...

Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality

Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2001/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Wade , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843262.001

ISBN: 9781451843262

Keywords: lotteries, probability, expropriation, equation, credit markets, equations, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper studies the relationship between wealth inequality and occupational choice between rent-seeking and production. With imperfect credit markets and a fixed cost to rent-seeking, only wealthy agents choose...

Saving Behavior in Low and Middle-Income Developing Countries
			: A Comparison

Saving Behavior in Low and Middle-Income Developing Countries : A Comparison »

Volume/Issue: 1995/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Masao Ogaki , Jonathan Ostry , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841848.001

ISBN: 9781451841848

Keywords: real interest rates, cointegration, equation, real rate of interest, real interest rate

The impact of changes in real interest rates on saving and growth is a central issue in development economics. According to one familiar view, a financial liberalization program which increases real interest rates...

Saving Trends in Southeast Asia
			: A Cross-Country Analysis

Saving Trends in Southeast Asia : A Cross-Country Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 1995/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Aasim Husain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845778.001

ISBN: 9781451845778

Keywords: cointegration, private saving, provident fund, statistic, equation

This paper investigates the long-run pattern of private saving in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. These countries have not only maintained saving levels that are currently among the highest in the wor...

Speculative Attacks in the Asian Crisis

Speculative Attacks in the Asian Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2001/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhiwei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859614.001

ISBN: 9781451859614

Keywords: ACH, currency crisis, duration analysis, contagion, speculative attacks, asian crisis, currency crises, equation, Econometric Modeling,

This paper takes the Asian crisis as an example to show that the Autoregressive Conditional Hazard (ACH) model is a powerful tool for studying the time series features of speculative attacks. The ACH model proposes...

Spend Now, Pay Later? Tax Smoothing and Fiscal Sustainability in South Asia

Spend Now, Pay Later? Tax Smoothing and Fiscal Sustainability in South Asia »

Volume/Issue: 1999/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848403.001

ISBN: 9781451848403

Keywords: Tax smoothing, tax tilting, fiscal sustainability, budget surplus, equation, fiscal deficits, government spending

This paper tests a version of Barro’s tax-smoothing model, which assumes intertemporal optimization by a government seeking to minimize the distortionary costs of taxation, using Pakistan and Sri Lankan data...

Testing a Disequilibrium Model of Lending Rate Determination
			: The Case of Malaysia

Testing a Disequilibrium Model of Lending Rate Determination : The Case of Malaysia »

Volume/Issue: 1991/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Barry Scholnick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451954364.001

ISBN: 9781451954364

Keywords: cointegration, equation, banking, probability, statistics

This study examines whether lending rates cleared the market for loans in Malaysia after interest rate liberalization. It is based on a theoretical model in which adverse selection and marginal cost pricing are bro...

The Demand for Money in Developing Countries
			: Assessing the Role of Financial innovation

The Demand for Money in Developing Countries : Assessing the Role of Financial innovation »

Volume/Issue: 1991/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jose De Gregorio , Peter Wickham , Patricio Arrau , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974218.001

ISBN: 9781451974218

Keywords: money demand, equation, cointegration, inflation

Traditional specifications of money demand have been commonly plagued by persistent overprediction, implausible parameter estimates, and highly autocorrelated errors. This paper argues that some of those problems s...

The Hedonic Country Product Dummy Method and Quality Adjustments for Purchasing Power Parity Calculations

The Hedonic Country Product Dummy Method and Quality Adjustments for Purchasing Power Parity Calculations »

Volume/Issue: 2009/271

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mick Silver

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874167.001

ISBN: 9781451874167

Keywords: Country-Product-Dummy Method, International Comparisons Program, CPD, silver, equation, statistics, econometrics, logarithms

The 2005 International Comparison Program's (ICP) estimates of economy-wide purchasing power parity (PPP) are based on parity estimates for 155 basic expenditure headings, mainly estimated using country product dum...

The Real Exchange Rate and Growth Revisited
			: The Washington Consensus Strikes Back?

The Real Exchange Rate and Growth Revisited : The Washington Consensus Strikes Back? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , and Yanliang Miao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963755.001

ISBN: 9781451963755

Keywords: Real Exchange Rate, Growth, Washington Consensus, exchange rate, equation, equilibrium exchange rate, exchange rates, Intertemporal Choice and Growth: General,

There is good reason and much evidence to suggest that the real exchange rate matters for economic growth, but why? The "Washington Consensus" (WC) view holds that real exchange rate misalignment implies macroecono...