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Appendix I Pension Arrangements in an Overlapping-Generations Model

Appendix I Pension Arrangements in an Overlapping-Generations Model »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

This appendix uses an overlapping-generations model to look at the impact of introducing funded and unfunded social security systems, and of replacing an unfunded system with a funded one. The analysis follo...

Appendix I Real Exchange Rate Movements and External Competitiveness

Appendix I Real Exchange Rate Movements and External Competitiveness »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Movements in the real exchange rate are summarized in Charts 6 and 7, which show the path of the real effective exchange rate (that is, the trade-weighted exchange rate adjusted for...

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The reform strategy implemented in the Lao P.D.R. since 1985 has recognized the importance of external resources—both official and private—in accelerating economic transformation an...

Appendix II Notes on the Empirical Literature on Pensions and Saving

Appendix II Notes on the Empirical Literature on Pensions and Saving »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

Given the theoretical ambiguity of the precise relationship between pensions and saving, the various statistical techniques that have been used to analyze it, and the diversity in actual pension systems and...

Appendix III Brief Notes on the Pension Regimes of Selected Countries

Appendix III Brief Notes on the Pension Regimes of Selected Countries »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

Private Plans in Selected Industrial Countries Japan Private retirement plans in Japan are either lump-sum severance payment plans or pension plans tha...

Appendix III Legal and Constitutional Reform

Appendix III Legal and Constitutional Reform »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Before the takeover in late 1975, the Kingdom of the Lao P.D.R. had the Constitution of 1947 and an essentially two-tier legal framework: civil affairs, such as family, dowry, inher...

Appendix IV Structure of the Tax System, End-1994

Appendix IV Structure of the Tax System, End-1994 »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Tax Exemptions and Deductions Rate...

Appendix V The Lao Government's Policy Agenda, 1994/95–1999/2000

Appendix V The Lao Government's Policy Agenda, 1994/95–1999/2000 »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

As described in the Committee for Planning and Cooperation's Medium-Term Policy Framework and Public Investment Program, the Lao Government's ambitious policy agenda for 1994/95–199...

Asean-5 Cluster Report

Asean-5 Cluster Report »

Source: Asean-5 Cluster Report : Evolution of Monetary Policy Frameworks

Volume/Issue: 2016/176

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

ISBN: 9781498308748

Keywords: Monetary policy, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Central banks, Business cycles, Capital outflows, Cross country analysis, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand

This paper examines the evolution of monetary policy frameworks of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)-5 economies, with particular focus on changes since the Asian financial crisis and the more rece...

Authorities’ Statement on 2017 Malaysia Staff Report

Authorities’ Statement on 2017 Malaysia Staff Report »

Source: Malaysia : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Authorities of Malaysia

Volume/Issue: 2017/101

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475596656

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Malaysia

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights the Malaysian economy's good performance over the past few years in a challenging global economic environment. Despite the impact of global commodity price and financial...