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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Long-Run Exchange Rate Dynamics
			: A Panel Data Study

Long-Run Exchange Rate Dynamics : A Panel Data Study »

Volume/Issue: 1999/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Karl Habermeier , and Mario Mesquita

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846959.001

ISBN: 9781451846959

Keywords: Exchange Rates, Panel Data Econometrics, Purchasing Power Parity (PPP), Balassa-Samuelson Effect, Terms of Trade, exchange rate, real exchange rates, real exchange rate, inflation

Long-run movements of real exchange rates are studied using a panel data set comprising 51 economies. The purchasing power parity hypothesis (PPP) is examined first using unit root tests. It is found that PPP does...

Long-Run Exchange Rate Dynamics

Long-Run Exchange Rate Dynamics »

Source: Long-Run Exchange Rate Dynamics : A Panel Data Study

Volume/Issue: 1999/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Karl Habermeier , and Mario Mesquita

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

ISBN: 9781451846959

Keywords: Exchange Rates, Panel Data Econometrics, Purchasing Power Parity (PPP), Balassa-Samuelson Effect, Terms of Trade, exchange rate, real exchange rates, real exchange rate, inflation

Long-run movements of real exchange rates are studied using a panel data set comprising 51 economies. The purchasing power parity hypothesis (PPP) is examined first using unit root tests. It is found that PPP does...