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Collateral Damage

Collateral Damage »

Source: Collateral Damage : Exchange Controls and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2007/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhiwei Zhang , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865721

Keywords: non-tariff barriers, exchange controls, foreign exchange, tariff barriers, International Factor Movements And International Business,

While new conventional wisdom warns that developing countries should be aware of the risks of premature capital account liberalization, the costs of not removing exchange controls have received much less attention....

The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Collateral Damage
			: Exchange Controls and International Trade

Collateral Damage : Exchange Controls and International Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2007/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhiwei Zhang , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865721.001

ISBN: 9781451865721

Keywords: non-tariff barriers, exchange controls, foreign exchange, tariff barriers, International Factor Movements And International Business,

While new conventional wisdom warns that developing countries should be aware of the risks of premature capital account liberalization, the costs of not removing exchange controls have received much less attention....

Systemic Banking Crises
			: A New Database

Systemic Banking Crises : A New Database »

Volume/Issue: 2008/224

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Valencia , and Luc Laeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870824.001

ISBN: 9781451870824

Keywords: database, banking, banking crises, banking system, recapitalization,

This paper presents a new database on the timing of systemic banking crises and policy responses to resolve them. The database covers the universe of systemic banking crises for the period 1970-2007, with detailed...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education
			: Causes and Consequences

The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875027.001

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Systemic Banking Crises

Systemic Banking Crises »

Source: Systemic Banking Crises : A New Database

Volume/Issue: 2008/224

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Valencia , and Luc Laeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870824

Keywords: database, banking, banking crises, banking system, recapitalization,

This paper presents a new database on the timing of systemic banking crises and policy responses to resolve them. The database covers the universe of systemic banking crises for the period 1970-2007, with detailed...