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Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts

Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix provides a detailed description of changes in expenditure policy and public expenditure management, tax policy and administration, and of certain aspects of public ent...

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

Appendix II presents background information (referred to in the text) on selected economic and functional categories of expenditure, and major tax categories, expres...

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix presents in tabular form (Table 12) the eight countries at various stages of their adjust-some of the basic features of the tax systems of ment efforts....

Chapter 5. Achieving Inclusive Growth

Chapter 5. Achieving Inclusive Growth »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Frontier Asian economies are poised for continued rapid growth. 1 Their per capita incomes may be relatively low compared with the rest of Asia at present, but they are clearly on...

Chapter 7. Addressing Financial Sector Vulnerabilities

Chapter 7. Addressing Financial Sector Vulnerabilities »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Financial sector development and deepening are broadly seen to be essential to long-term growth because they enable saving and facilitate investment (see Chapter 6 on Financial Sector Deepening). Although th...

Chapter 3. Diversification, Growth, and Volatility

Chapter 3. Diversification, Growth, and Volatility »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Limited diversification in exports and broader economic structure have long been underlying characteristics of many developing and, in particular, frontier economies. Yet some have shown a remarkable economi...

Chapter 6. Financial Sector Deepening and Transformation

Chapter 6. Financial Sector Deepening and Transformation »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Financial deepening is a multidimensional concept. It can be viewed as the process of enhancing and broadening financial systems by increasing the depth, liquidity, efficiency, and volumes of financial insti...

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

As growth in several major emerging market economies has slowed, economists and investors alike have shown more interest in a second group of countries in Asia and beyond—the frontier economies. A number of...

Chapter 4. Growth Slowdown: Are Frontier and Developing Asian Economies Different?

Chapter 4. Growth Slowdown: Are Frontier and Developing Asian Economies Different? »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

As is well known, generating growth in low-income countries with low capital stock, limited access to credit, and poor education systems is very challenging, and this phenomenon has been well studied in the...

Chapter 2. Lessons for Frontier Economies from the Recent Experience of Emerging Markets

Chapter 2. Lessons for Frontier Economies from the Recent Experience of Emerging Markets »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Frontier economies have grown rapidly since the turn of the century. While GDP growth rates have varied considerably among the countries in this group, their average growth and inflation rates have been gene...