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Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/ »

Source: Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

2 Alternative Growth and Adjustment Strategies of Newly Industrializing Countries in Southeast Asia

2 Alternative Growth and Adjustment Strategies of Newly Industrializing Countries in Southeast Asia »

Source: Beyond Adjustment : The Asian Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1988

ISBN: 9781557750006

Keywords: public enterprise, public enterprises, export promotion, export performance, balance of payments

I. Introduction Probably most notable in the development history of the last quarter century is the emergence of newly industrializing countries (NICs) in Southeast Asia. The remarka...

Appendix Private Investment Behavior in Thailand

Appendix Private Investment Behavior in Thailand »

Source: Thailand : The Road to Sustained Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , Kalpana Kochhar , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Jianping Zhou , Mauro Mecagni , and Balázs Horváth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756039

Keywords: private investment, wages, wage, fiscal policy, adjustment period

This appendix presents results of an empirical investigation of the determinants of private investment in Thailand. During the 1970s and the first half of the 1980s, the ratio of pr...

Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries

Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Lewis , Aurelie Martin , and Gabriel Di Bella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

ISBN: 9781451867657

Keywords: Competitiveness, Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Low-Income Countries, reer, exchange rate, export volume, exchange rates, real exchange rate, Comparative Studies of Countries,

Assessing a country's competitiveness routinely starts with an analysis of the real exchange rate. However, in low-income countries, empirical analysis of the real exchange rate is often subject to important limita...

Beyond Adjustment
			: The Asian Experience

Beyond Adjustment : The Asian Experience »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750006.071

ISBN: 9781557750006

Keywords: public enterprise, public enterprises, export promotion, export performance, balance of payments

This book, edited by Paul Streeten, examines the ends and means of adjustment, aspects of trade policy, and lessons from the experience of South and East Asia, as well as comparing the debt situations of Asian and...

3 Contrasting External Debt Experience: Asia and Latin America

3 Contrasting External Debt Experience: Asia and Latin America »

Source: Beyond Adjustment : The Asian Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1988

ISBN: 9781557750006

Keywords: public enterprise, public enterprises, export promotion, export performance, balance of payments

I. Introduction and Summary The debt experience of countries in Asia during the past decade presents a sufficiently sharp contrast with that of the Latin American countries to raise...

Does Import Protection Discourage Exports?

Does Import Protection Discourage Exports? »

Source: Does Import Protection Discourage Exports?

Volume/Issue: 2006/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862805

Keywords: export tax, restrictiveness, tariff barriers, tariff reductions, export sector, Computable General Equilibrium Models,

This paper points out that while many developing countries seek to increase their export earnings, they have not embraced fully the notion that their own pattern of import protection hurts their export performance....

Dollarization in Cambodia

Dollarization in Cambodia »

Source: Dollarization in Cambodia : Causes and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2011/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nombulelo Duma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218936

Keywords: seigniorage, foreign currency, monetary policy, inflation, macroeconomic stability, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit,

Over the past decade, Cambodia has become Asia's most dollarized economy. In contrast, dollarization in neighboring Lao P.D.R., Mongolia, and Vietnam has been either declining or broadly stable. Somewhat paradoxica...

Economic Diversification in LICs

Economic Diversification in LICs »

Source: Economic Diversification in LICs : Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications

Volume/Issue: 2012/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475532180

Keywords: Trade and real-sector diversification, quality upgrading, volatility, growth, LICs, export diversification, external shocks, external trade, total exports, trading partners

Limited diversification is an underlying characteristic of many low-income countries (LICs). Concentration in sectors with limited scope for increases in productivity and quality may result in less broad-based and...

Economic Policy in a Highly Dollarized Economy
			: The Case of Cambodia

Economic Policy in a Highly Dollarized Economy : The Case of Cambodia »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061897.084

ISBN: 9781589061897

Keywords: Dollarization, national bank, inflation, foreign currency, currency board

This study examines the challenges and issues facing policymakers in highly dollarized economies. Focusing on Cambodia, which achieved almost complete dollarization during 1991-95, the authors review recent develop...