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Chapter 1. Output, Demographic, and Employment Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia

Chapter 1. Output, Demographic, and Employment Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia »

Source: Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For?

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

Structural transformation has become a widely used macroeconomic measure of the quality of the economic development process. 1 It is widely accepted that in order for it to happen...

Chapter 2. Transformation and Productivity: Comparison with Asia

Chapter 2. Transformation and Productivity: Comparison with Asia »

Source: Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For?

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

Productivity Transformation The employment and output data were combined to make assessments of the speed of structural adjustment in sub-Saharan Africa compared with Asian countries...

International Sovereign Bonds by Emerging Markets and Developing Economies
			: Drivers of Issuance and Spreads

International Sovereign Bonds by Emerging Markets and Developing Economies : Drivers of Issuance and Spreads »

Volume/Issue: 2015/275

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Presbitero , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Olumuyiwa Adedeji , and Lamin Njie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581729.001

ISBN: 9781513581729

Keywords: Sovereign bond issuance, bond spreads, developing countries, bonds, sovereign bonds, bond, markets, sovereign bond, International Lending and Debt Problems, Asset Pricing

What determines the ability of low-income developing countries to issue bonds in international capital and what explains the spreads on these bonds? This paper examines these questions using a dataset that includes...

International Sovereign Bonds by Emerging Markets and Developing Economies

International Sovereign Bonds by Emerging Markets and Developing Economies »

Source: International Sovereign Bonds by Emerging Markets and Developing Economies : Drivers of Issuance and Spreads

Volume/Issue: 2015/275

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Presbitero , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Olumuyiwa Adedeji , and Lamin Njie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513581729

Keywords: Sovereign bond issuance, bond spreads, developing countries, bonds, sovereign bonds, bond, markets, sovereign bond, International Lending and Debt Problems, Asset Pricing

What determines the ability of low-income developing countries to issue bonds in international capital and what explains the spreads on these bonds? This paper examines these questions using a dataset that includes...

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia?1

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia?1 »

Source: How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia?

Volume/Issue: 2015/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , Amr Hosny , and Gregory Hadjian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513507279

Keywords: financial dollarization, financial development, de-dollarization, exchange, exchange rate, currency, inflation, deposits, General,

Dollarization rates in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) region are among the highest in the world, with adverse consequences for macroeconomic stability, monetary policy transmission, and financial sector develo...

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia?

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , Amr Hosny , and Gregory Hadjian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513507279.001

ISBN: 9781513507279

Keywords: financial dollarization, financial development, de-dollarization, exchange, exchange rate, currency, inflation, deposits, General,

Dollarization rates in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) region are among the highest in the world, with adverse consequences for macroeconomic stability, monetary policy transmission, and financial sector develo...

Chapter 21. A Path to Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in the Republic of Congo

Chapter 21. A Path to Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in the Republic of Congo »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This chapter addresses the issue of fiscal consolidation design in an oil-dependent country, the Republic of Congo, with a limited remaining lifetime of oil reserves and...

Chapter 13. Carbon Tax Burdens on Low-Income Households: A Reason for Delaying Climate Policy?

Chapter 13. Carbon Tax Burdens on Low-Income Households: A Reason for Delaying Climate Policy? »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Without strong measures to mitigate carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases, global temperatures are projected to rise by about 3–4°C over preindustrial levels b...

Chapter 15. Equity Considerations in the Design of Public Pension Systems

Chapter 15. Equity Considerations in the Design of Public Pension Systems »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Public pension systems are key instruments of social policy: they prevent poverty after retirement and limit the difference between pre- and postretirement consumption l...

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This chapter assesses the links between fiscal policy and income inequality in Brazil for the period 1995–2011 by combining fiscal data with household survey information...