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Are the Asia and Pacific Small States Different from Other Small States?

Are the Asia and Pacific Small States Different from Other Small States? »

Source: Are the Asia and Pacific Small States Different from Other Small States?

Volume/Issue: 2013/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Tumbarello , Ezequiel Cabezon , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484339190

Keywords: micro states, Pacific islands, growth, volatility, terms of trade, trade openness, current account balance, external shocks, trade deficits, Open Economy Macroeconomics

The small states of the Asia and Pacific region face unique challenges in raising their growth potential and living standards relative to other small states due to their small populations, geographical isolation an...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2003/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enzo Croce , and V. Juan-Ramon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856569

Keywords: convergence, fiscal rule, public debt, debt ratio, fiscal stance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

To monitor fiscal sustainability, this paper proposes a recursive algorithm derived from the law of motion of the debt-to-GDP ratio, subject to a government reaction function that links convergence to the targeted...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government »

Source: Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

Belgium: IMF Executive Board Concludes June 2005 Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with the Philippines

Belgium: IMF Executive Board Concludes June 2005 Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with the Philippines »

Source: Philippines : Report for the June 2005 Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Volume/Issue: 2005/372

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451831351

Keywords: debt, public sector, interest, deficit, national government

The staff report for the Post-Program Monitoring highlights economic developments, fiscal policy, and monetary policy. The primary risk to the near-term outlook for the Philippine economy is that the prevailing sta...

Biographical Sketches

Biographical Sketches »

Source: Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Gloria Bartoli, an Italian, is an Economist in the Special Fiscal Studies Division of the Fund’s Fiscal Affairs Department. She graduated from the University of Turin and became Assistant Profes...

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates »

Source: Budget Deficits and Interest Rates : A Fresh Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869040

Keywords: system GMM, inflation, budget deficit, money supply,

We extend the literature on budget deficits and interest rates in three ways: we examine both advanced and emerging economies and for the first time a large emerging market panel; explore interactions to explain so...

Cambodia

Cambodia »

Source: Cambodia : 2008 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2009/47

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451821864

Keywords: debt, budget, article, deficit, credit growth

This staff report for Cambodia's 2008 Article IV Consultation describes economic developments and policies. Growth is slowing, liquidity is tightening, and, as a result, banks' balance sheets are coming under strai...

Cambodia

Cambodia »

Source: Cambodia : 2009 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director

Volume/Issue: 2009/325

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451821888

Keywords: budget, debt, deficit, article, macroeconomic stability

This 2009 Article IV Consultation underlies that following a decade of high economic growth and significant poverty reduction, Cambodia's economy has been hard hit by the global crisis. Real GDP is contracting as k...

Cambodia: Fifth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of a Performance Criterion

Cambodia: Fifth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of a Performance Criterion »

Source: Cambodia : Fifth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of a Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2002/156

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451821765

Keywords: budget, debt, external debt, public sector, deficit

This paper assesses Cambodia's Fifth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and a Request for Waiver of a Performance Criterion. Cambodia's medium-term reform program supported by the PRGF is...

Cambodia: Joint IMF/World Bank Debt Sustainability Analysis 2008

Cambodia: Joint IMF/World Bank Debt Sustainability Analysis 2008 »

Source: Cambodia : 2008 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2009/47

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451821864

Keywords: debt, budget, article, deficit, credit growth

This staff report for Cambodia's 2008 Article IV Consultation describes economic developments and policies. Growth is slowing, liquidity is tightening, and, as a result, banks' balance sheets are coming under strai...