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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

Aging in the Asian Tiger Economies

Aging in the Asian Tiger Economies »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1998

Volume/Issue: 35/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

ISBN: 9781451952780

Keywords: global capital flows, trade liberalization, capital markets, balance of payments, capital inflows

Since it began operations in 1946, the IMF has steadily evolved in response to changes in the world economy. What steps is it taking to meet the new challenges posed by the Asian crisis?...

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' »

Source: Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' : Challenges for Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 1997/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451856309

Keywords: aging, Asia, demographics, health, medical care, pension, medical insurance, labor force, pension schemes

The paper assesses the government expenditure effects from changing demographics in the Asian “Tiger” economies through 2050. With some exceptions, their limited social insurance commitments initially...

5. Agregación y consolidación de los datos

5. Agregación y consolidación de los datos »

Source: Indicadores de solidez financiera : Guía de Compilación

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2007

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589063983

Introducción 5.1 El análisis de los coeficientes de los ISF depende del grado de consolidación de los datos empleados para calcularlos. Por ello, cuando se elaboran e...

Agricultural Diversification in Asia: Should some countries shift out of rice?

Agricultural Diversification in Asia: Should some countries shift out of rice? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1988

ISBN: 9781616353735

Keywords: debt, finance, indebted countries, monetary fund, creditors, Finances And Development,

This paper presents the views of Michel Camdessus, Managing Director of the IMF, on how the IMF can face new challenges. Camdessus believes that the key responsibility for resolving debt difficulties lies with the...

Agricultural Liberalization in the Uruguay Round

Agricultural Liberalization in the Uruguay Round »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1995

Volume/Issue: 32/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451952193

Keywords: wages, wage, labor market, minimum wages, minimum wage

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/ »

Source: Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia: Identifying hurdles to intra-regional trade

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia: Identifying hurdles to intra-regional trade »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1988

ISBN: 9781616353759

Keywords: adjustment programs, structural adjustment, external shocks, aggregate demand, process of adjustment

This paper describes the effect of IMF-supported adjustment programs on the poor. The paper highlights that IMF-supported adjustment programs have often been misunderstood and have been criticized for seeking exces...

Agroforestry in Sub-Saharan Africa

Agroforestry in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1990

Volume/Issue: 27/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

ISBN: 9781451952063

Keywords: social services, social conditions, social sectors, reducing poverty, human resource development

Providing economic opportunities for the poor and building up their capacity to take advantage of those opportunities can help reduce poverty and ensure sustainable growth...

Aid Volatility: An Empirical Assessment

Aid Volatility: An Empirical Assessment »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 50, No. 1

Volume: 50

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2003

ISBN: 9781589061248

Keywords: exchange rates, exchange rate, international monetary fund, fixed exchange rate, flexible exchange rates, IMF staff papers,

Forty years ago, Marcus Fleming and Robert Mundell developed independent models of macroeconomic policy in open economies. Why do we link the two, and why do we call the result the Mundell-Fleming, rather than Fiem...

Aider quand les choses vont mal: La résolution des crises

Aider quand les choses vont mal: La résolution des crises »

Source: FMI Boletín Vol.35, Septembre 2006

Volume/Issue: 35/0

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2006

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451926248

Keywords: external shocks, central bank, balance of payments, debt relief, prudential regulation, liberalizing trade, export sector, multilateral debt, bilateral trade agreement, trade barriers

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...