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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Anticipating Balance of Payments Crises--The Role of Early Warning Systems : The Role of Early Warning Systems

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , Andrew Berg , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2000

ISBN: 9781557758286

Keywords: currency crises, probability, balance of payments, contagion, currency crisis

Recent years have witnessed an increase in the frequency of currency and balance of payments crises in developing countries. More important, the crises have become more virulent, have caused widespread disruption t...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Anticipating Balance of Payments Crises--The Role of Early Warning Systems : The Role of Early Warning Systems

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , Andrew Berg , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2000

ISBN: 9781557758286

Keywords: currency crises, probability, balance of payments, contagion, currency crisis

Recent years have witnessed an increase in the frequency of currency and balance of payments crises in developing countries. More important, the crises have become more virulent, have caused widespread disruption t...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...

APPENDIX 2. Case Studies: Characteristics of Tax Amnesty Programs

APPENDIX 2. Case Studies: Characteristics of Tax Amnesty Programs »

Source: Tax Amnesties : Theory, Trends, and Some Alternatives

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Eric Le Borgne , and Katherine Baer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067363

Keywords: tax administration, tax amnesty, tax amnesties, tax evasion, tax compliance

Kentucky Michigan Ireland...

Appendix 2. Complete Survey Results by Country

Appendix 2. Complete Survey Results by Country »

Source: Primary Dealers in Government Securities

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Marco Arnone , and Piero Ugolini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589063792

Keywords: Securities regulations, government securities, central bank, securities market, government securities market, open market operations

Argentina...

Appendix: East Timor—The Role of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank39

Appendix: East Timor—The Role of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank39 »

Source: East Timor : Establishing the Foundations of Sound Macroeconomic Management

Series: Books

Author(s): Luis Mendonca , Shamsuddin Tareq , Luis Valdivieso , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Toshihide Endo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2000

ISBN: 9781557759610

Keywords: banking, wage, expenditures, capital expenditures, payments

The World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (AsDB) are actively engaged in the reconstruction and development work in East Timor. The World Bank led a joint assessment mission in...

Appendix I Capital Mobility and Monetary Policy

Appendix I Capital Mobility and Monetary Policy »

Source: Thailand : Adjusting to Success: Current Policy Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Robinson , Ranjit Teja , Yangho Byeon , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752215

Keywords: bank of thailand, foreign direct investment, direct investment, expenditure, financial institutions

During both 1989 and 1990, the growth of the monetary aggregates in Thailand was driven almost entirely by a rapid increase in private capital inflows, which the Bank of Thailand ha...

Appendix I. Capital Mobility: The Empirical Evidence

Appendix I. Capital Mobility: The Empirical Evidence »

Source: Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Kahn , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753502

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, foreign exchange, capital outflows, current account

The scope for an independent monetary policy or sterilized intervention depends on the degree of capital mobility, that is, the responsiveness of capital flows to changes in relativ...

Appendix I. Data Sources and Definitions

Appendix I. Data Sources and Definitions »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

Data on per capita GDP are purchasing power-parity-adjusted (1990 international Geary-Khamis dollars), drawn from Maddison (2003). For the purposes of the present study, the sample...