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1. Overview

1. Overview »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

1. The reform of price subsidies has been a key element of IMF-supported programs in many countries. These reforms have brought prices of subsidized items closer to their market-clearing levels and have soug...

4. Political Considerations

4. Political Considerations »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

28. When reform targets benefits to truly needy families, less needy families will suffer. The latter families may be part of politically powerful groups. If governments perceive the risk of political fallou...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

The Quality Effect

The Quality Effect »

Source: The Quality Effect : Does Financial Liberalization Improve the Allocation of Capital?

Volume/Issue: 2004/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdul Abiad , Nienke Oomes , and Kenichi Ueda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451853636

Keywords: Tobin&;amp;#x2019;s Q, financial liberalization, allocative efficiency, inequality, stock market, financial deepening, stock market turnover, stock market capitalization, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

The study documents evidence of a "quality effect" of financial liberalization on allocative efficiency, which is measured by the dispersion in Tobin's Q across firms. Based on a simple model, the authors predict t...

Recurring Issues from a Decade of Evaluation
			: Lessons for the IMF

Recurring Issues from a Decade of Evaluation : Lessons for the IMF »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484376850.017

ISBN: 9781484376850

Keywords: monetary fund, financial sector, conditionality, financial stability, international reserves

...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Recurring Issues from a Decade of Evaluation : Lessons for the IMF

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2014

ISBN: 9781484376850

Keywords: monetary fund, financial sector, conditionality, financial stability, international reserves

...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Recurring Issues from a Decade of Evaluation : Lessons for the IMF

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2014

ISBN: 9781484376850

Keywords: monetary fund, financial sector, conditionality, financial stability, international reserves

...

Remittances Channel and Fiscal Impact in the Middle East, North Africa, and  Central Asia

Remittances Channel and Fiscal Impact in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia »

Source: Remittances Channel and Fiscal Impact in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2012/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasser Abdih , Ralph Chami , Christian Ebeke , and Adolfo Barajas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

ISBN: 9781475502947

Keywords: Instrumental variables, Panel data, remittance, tax revenue, fiscal impact, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment: General (includes Measurement and Data)

This paper identifies a remittances channel that transmits exogenous shocks, such as business cycles in remittance-sending countries, to the public finances of remittance-receiving countries. Using panel data for r...

Speculative Attacks, Forward Market Intervention and the Classic Bear Squeeze

Speculative Attacks, Forward Market Intervention and the Classic Bear Squeeze »

Source: Speculative Attacks, Forward Market Intervention and the Classic Bear Squeeze

Volume/Issue: 1997/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Subir Lall

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

ISBN: 9781451980202

Keywords: Speculative Attacks, Forward Markets, Exchange Rates, Market Corners, central bank, exchange rate, foreign exchange, central banks, domestic currency

A typical strategy used by speculators to launch an attack on a fixed exchange regime is the use of forward markets. Central banks also intervene in forward markets to counter speculation. This paper addresses the...

What Drives Stock Market Development in the Middle East and Central Asia-Institutions, Remittances, or Natural Resources?

What Drives Stock Market Development in the Middle East and Central Asia-Institutions, Remittances, or Natural Resources? »

Source: What Drives Stock Market Development in the Middle East and Central Asia-Institutions, Remittances, or Natural Resources?

Volume/Issue: 2007/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Billmeier , and Isabella Massa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867213

Keywords: Stock market capitalization, panel, institutions, stock market, stock market development, domestic credit,

In this paper, we assess the macroeconomic determinants of stock market capitalization in a panel of 17 countries in the Middle East and Central Asia, including both hydrocarbon-rich countries and economies without...