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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Cambodia : Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475566451

Keywords: Article IV consultations, Cambodia, Bank supervision, Economic growth, Debt sustainability analysis, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Global competitiveness, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

This Debt Sustainability Analysis update highlights Cambodia's continued low debt distress rating: all debt burden indicators are projected to remain below the respective thresholds. The authorities have made progr...

Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives

Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives »

Source: Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives

Volume/Issue: 2009/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

ISBN: 9781451871685

Keywords: effective tax rates, tax system, tax rates, taxation,

This paper provides an updated overview of tax incentives for business investment. It begins by noting that tax competition is likely to be a major force driving countries' tax reforms, and discusses tax incentives...

The Challenge of Reforming Budgetary Institutions in Developing Countries

The Challenge of Reforming Budgetary Institutions in Developing Countries »

Source: The Challenge of Reforming Budgetary Institutions in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Allen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

ISBN: 9781451872439

Keywords: PEFA, budget, institutions, platform approach, reform, donors, Paris Declaration, Accra Agenda for Action, budgetary institutions, financial management

The paper notes that the development of sound budgetary institutions in countries such as France, the U.K. and the U.S. has taken a very long time?200 years or more?and is still evolving. It discusses Douglass Nort...

Chapter 11: Advancing Financial Deepening and Inclusion

Chapter 11: Advancing Financial Deepening and Inclusion »

Source: Realizing Indonesia's Economic Potential

Series: Books

Author(s): Luis Breuer , Jaime Guajardo , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484337141

Keywords: Indonesia, Indonesia's economy

Introduction Indonesia’s financial system has great potential for evolving to support inclusive growth. Indonesia has a young population, and the country can expect a sizable demogra...

CHAPTER 5. Alternatives to Amnesties

CHAPTER 5. Alternatives to Amnesties »

Source: Tax Amnesties : Theory, Trends, and Some Alternatives

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Eric Le Borgne , and Katherine Baer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067363

Keywords: tax administration, tax amnesty, tax amnesties, tax evasion, tax compliance

The previous sections have highlighted some of the shortcomings of tax amnesties: (1) immediate gross revenue collection is, at best, limited to a low (single-digit) share of revenue collection; (2) short-te...

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Despite Asia’s progress over the past several decades in closing gender gaps in education, health, economic, and political outcomes, women and girls continue to encounter barriers relative to men. Gender gap...

Chapter 3: Boosting Potential Growth

Chapter 3: Boosting Potential Growth »

Source: Realizing Indonesia's Economic Potential

Series: Books

Author(s): Luis Breuer , Jaime Guajardo , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484337141

Keywords: Indonesia, Indonesia's economy

Introduction Indonesia’s economic growth has slowed in the past decade, with contributions from capital and labor falling and that of total factor productivity (TFP) remaining below...

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions »

Source: Tax Amnesties : Theory, Trends, and Some Alternatives

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Eric Le Borgne , and Katherine Baer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067363

Keywords: tax administration, tax amnesty, tax amnesties, tax evasion, tax compliance

Countries and states have introduced tax amnesties for a variety of reasons. Among the most common ones are (1) an immediate revenue need (e.g., during an economic downturn), (2) a desire to improve tax comp...

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Various types of shocks cause fiscal outcomes to deviate from budgets and expectations—often by large amounts. Evidence presented in this paper has shown that macroeconomic shocks and calls on contingent lia...

CHAPTER 2. Definition and Types of Amnesties

CHAPTER 2. Definition and Types of Amnesties »

Source: Tax Amnesties : Theory, Trends, and Some Alternatives

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Eric Le Borgne , and Katherine Baer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067363

Keywords: tax administration, tax amnesty, tax amnesties, tax evasion, tax compliance

Definition and Reasons for Amnesties Definition 3 A tax amnesty can be defined as a limited-ti...