- International Monetary Fund
- Published Date:
- June 2000
The world by region
East Asia and the Pacific
Korea, Dem, Rep.
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Papua New Guinea
Europe and Central Asia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Isle of Man
Yugoslavia. FR (Serbia/Montenegro)
Latin America and the Caribbean
Antigua and Barbuda
Puerto Rico St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
Middle East and North Africa
Egypt, Arab Rep.
Iran, Islamic Rep.
West Bank and Gaza
Central African Republic
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe
Hong Kong. China
United Arab Emirates
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Members of the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) are shown in italics.
The regional groupings in this report are based on geographic and cultural affinities and the average income of residents. Developing countries and territories are divided into six regions, in some instances, broader aggregates, roughly corresponding to continental areas, are used. Countries or territories with gross national product per capita of more than $9,360 in 199S are considered to be high income and are treated as a single group. The term country does not imply political independence or official recognition but refers to any territory for which authorities report separate social or economic statistics.
The statistics in this report were provided by various international agencies, which compiled or estimated them on the basis of reports from national authorities. They are the best available today. But the picture they portray is flawed because for some countries the data are incomplete, unreliable or unavailable. Recognising this, Paris21—a consortium of partner countries. International organisations and donors brought together under the banner Partnership in Statistics for development In the 21st Century—is workinging tc Improve the capacity of countries to produce good statistics. For more information on the Paris21 programme, see http://www.paris21.org.
The notes below Identify the principal sources for A Better Wortd for All. For definitions, bibliographic information and additional sources of data please go to the Better World Website: http://www.paris21.org/betterworld.
Poverty Estimates of the number of people living in extreme poverty are from the World Bank. Data on malnutrition among children under-5 are from the Subcommittee on Nutrition of the UN Administrative Committee on Co-ordination.
Education Primary school enrolments and projections of school-age children are from the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute of Statistics.
Gender Data on primary and secondary school enrolments by gender are from the UNESCO Institute of Statistics. The estimates of gender gaps by family assets are based on work by the World Bank.
Infant and child mortality Mortality rates come from the United Nations Population Division and united Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The distribution of under-5 mortality rates by family assets is based on an analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys by the World Bank and Macro International, The analysis of under-5 mortality rates by mother’s level of education is from a study by Macro International.
Matemal mortality Data on births attended by skilled health personnel and maternal mortality ratios are preliminary estimates from the World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNICEF.
Reproductive health Estimates of contraceptive prevalence rates and fertility rates for women aged 15-19 are from the United Nations Population Division. Data on HIV Infections and deaths from AIDS come from the WHO and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).
Environment Estimates of the population with access to an improved water source are from the report of the Secretary General to the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (May 2000). Estimates of current and potential forest areas are from the World Wide Fund for Nature. Energy use per unit of GDP was estimated by the world Bank using data from the International Energy Agency, Data on carbon dioxide emissions come from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
Wnatil will take to achieve the goats Estimates of the number of countries with democratic governments are from the World Bank’s World Development Report 1999/2000. Data on the number of counties ratifying human rights treaties were compiled by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Shares of government budgets spent on basic social services were estimated by UNICEF and UNDP. The value of merchandise trade Is from the World Trade Organisation, The number of personal computers per capita was estimated from data provided by the International Telecommunication Union. Data on tax revenues are from the International Monetary Fund’s Government Finance Statistics. Data on aid and private capital flows are from the OECD.
Quotations throughout the report were taken from Voices of the Poor, volumes 1 and 2. published by the World Bank, and from reports by development workers around the world.
The accounts of successful programmes to reduce poverty and meet the international development goals are from reports by participants at the Forum on Development Progress held in Paris in March 2000. Additional information comes from reports by the World Bank and United Nations agencies.
|Economic well-being||Reducing extreme poverty|
The proportion of people living in extreme poverty in developing countries should be reduced by at least one-half between 1990 and 2015.
|Incidence of extreme poverty: people living on less than $1 a day Poverty gap ratio: incidence times depth of poverty Inequality: poorest fifth’s share of national consumption Child malnutrition: proportion of children under 5 who are underweight|
|Social development||Universal primary education|
There should be universal primary education in all countries by 2015.
|Net enrolment in primary education Completion of 4th grade of primary education Literacy rate of 15 to 24 year-olds|
Progress towards gender equality and the empowerment of women should be demonstrated by eliminating gender disparity in primary and secondary education by 2005.
|Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education Ratio of literate females to males (15 to 24 year-olds)|
|Reducing Infant and child mortality|
The death rates for infants and children under the age of five years should be reduced in each developing country by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015.
|Infant mortality rate Under-5 mortality rate|
|Reducing maternal mortality|
The rate of maternal mortality should be reduced by three-quarters between 1990 and 2015.
|Maternal mortality ratio Births attended by skilled health personnel|
Access should be available through the primary healthcare system to reproductive health services for all individuals of appropriate ages, no later than 2015.
|Contraceptive prevalence rate HIV prevalence in 15 to 24 year-old pregnant women|
|Environmental sustain ability and regeneration||Environment|
There should be a current national strategy for sustainable development, in the process of implementation, in every country by 2005. so as to ensure that current trends in the loss of environmental resources are effectively reversed at both global and national levels by 2015.
|Countries with effective processes for sustainable development Population with access to an improved water source Forest area as a percentage of national surface area Biodiversity: protected land area Energy efficiency: GDP per unit of energy use Carbon dioxide emissions per capita|
More information about these goals and indicators can be found at http://www.oecd.org/dac/indicators. For a broader set of goals and indicators used by the United Nations in Its common country assessments, see http://www.cca-undaf.org.
Data for the international development goals and related indicators are available from the World Bank at
http://www.worldbank.org/data. The International Monetary Fund provides links to national data sources and information on data quality and standards through its Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board: http://dsbb.imf.org.
The goals for international development address that most compelling of human desires—a world free of poverty and free of the misery that poverty breeds. This report focuses on seven goals, which, if achieved in the next 15 years, will improve the lives of millions of people. In words and pictures, with numbers and charts, it describes progress towards the goals, what has been achieved and the effort required to reach them.
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