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Brunei Darussalam

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Published Date:
June 2015
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Table 1.Brunei Darussalam: Nominal GDP by Economic Activity, 2007–2013(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2007200820092010201120122013
Gross domestic product (GDP)18,45920,39815,61116,86720,99621,18520,158
Oil and gas sector12,33314,3009,41710,64513,92314,13512,744
Oil and gas mining10,60411,6727,3908,57211,63011,80410,434
Manufacture of liquefied natural gas (LNG)1,7292,6282,0271,8902,2942,3312,310
Non-oil and gas sector6,1256,0986,1946,2236,6547,0517,414
Government2,2392,1522,1902,3132,4132,4802,529
Private sector3,8863,9464,0054,0934,2444,5714,885
Non-oil and gas sector6,1256,0986,1946,2236,6547,0517,414
Vegetables, fruits, and other agriculture25302929293831
Livestock and poultry41465246515757
Forestry5773342
Fishery57475451495356
Manufacture of wearing apparel and textile1171038058535460
Other manufacturing7165748888114119
Electricity and water112115122132135142143
Construction530534518524550615690
Wholesale and retail trade549558591623659704744
Water transport150146161157162179201
Air transport117114124123153167173
Other transport services96109106123120127131
Communication150165166174188209223
Finance539593574583572585619
Real estate and ownership of dwellings427433430438443446480
Hotels and restaurants585872748087100
Private health and education services107100127132142157178
Business services599620615613641696729
Domestic services51525254556071
Other private services48515370717881
Government services2,2392,1522,1902,3132,4132,4802,529
Memorandum items:
Population370,000375,000380,100386,800393,372399,800406,200
GDP per capita (in Brunei dollars)49,88854,39441,07243,60853,37552,98949,625
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 2.Brunei Darussalam: Quarterly Nominal GDP by Economic Activity, 2009–13(In millions of Brunei dollars)
20092010201120122013
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4
Gross domestic product (GDP)3,5643,2553,8964,8974,1943,8754,0974,7024,9974,8635,4005,7375,3644,7795,1585,8855,3614,8524,6575,288
Oil and gas sector2,0661,7632,3933,1942,6462,3542,5342,9423,4073,2873,5703,6583,7243,1303,4413,8403,6733,0752,8513,145
Oil and gas mining1,4191,3761,9662,6302,2501,8632,0742,3842,8882,7422,9523,0483,1882,5562,8243,2363,1462,4392,2992,551
Manufacture of liquefied natural gas (LNG)648388428565396490460558520545619610536575617603527636553595
Non-oil and gas sector1,4981,4911,5031,7031,5491,5351,5631,7601,5871,5861,6181,8631,6401,6491,7172,0451,6881,7771,8062,143
Government513499513665544521542705564555563730587570578745586577590776
Private sector9859929901,0381,0051,0141,0201,0541,0231,0301,0551,1361,0531,0791,1391,3001,1031,2001,2161,367
Non-oil and gas sector1,4981,4911,5031,7031,5491,5351,5631,7601,5871,5861,6181,8631,6401,6491,7172,0451,6881,7771,8062,143
Vegetables, fruits, and other agriculture5889877767781066168788
Livestock and poultry1611121312111211131312141315141514141514
Forestry12221111111121111111
Fishery1212131813131212131312111313141313141514
Manufacture of wearing apparel and textile212020191613181114161310141813915191412
Other manufacturing2026151321282414193124142037431423383820
Electricity and water2929323232323433313234383631383736313838
Construction121109149139120112151142124111157158123119159214132136183239
Wholesale and retail trade159145150138169153157144178153164164183163175183184191178190
Water transport5226424244274344442646454427476251404763
Air transport3030392526313927354543313448434336484544
Other transport services4535151158371711523617145238172049402121
Communication1828764420317844213284512134856929358674
Finance120129138188122130139192117126137193117130143196124135148212
Real estate and ownership of dwellings108106108108109108111111109108111115109110113114110126128117
Hotels and restaurants1618191917191920191921222020242421282625
Private health and education services3629333039283531433038324631463549425036
Business services15720193164150192100172156194110182166200129201175209142203
Domestic services1313131313131314131313151414161715221717
Other private services817141415271216162512181726152018251720
Government services513499513665544521542705564555563730587570578745586577590776
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 3.Brunei Darussalam: Nominal GDP by Expenditure, 2007–13(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2007200820092010201120122013
Gross domestic product (GDP)18,45920,39815,61116,86720,99621,18520,158
Domestic demand10,2949,89310,17910,36810,40610,87311,271
Consumption7,8977,1047,4397,6897,6567,9938,184
Personal consumption expenditure3,7223,6083,8033,9094,0894,3334,492
Government consumption expenditure4,1753,4963,6363,7813,5673,6593,692
Gross capital formation2,3972,7882,7412,6782,7512,8813,087
Gross fixed investment2,3982,7892,7402,6782,7502,8803,087
Construction1,3831,6011,6061,6091,6661,7011,833
Machinery and equipment1,0151,1881,1341,0691,0841,1791,254
Change in stocks−2−111110
Net exports of goods and services7,37510,3395,7758,19210,73210,6288,803
Exports of goods and services12,52515,97111,36313,73716,72617,23715,351
Imports of goods and services5,1495,6335,5875,5455,9956,6096,548
Statistical discrepancy (residual to tally up)789167−343−1,692−141−31684
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 4.Brunei Darussalam: Quarterly Nominal GDP by Expenditure, 2009–13(In millions of Brunei dollars)
20092010201120122013
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4
Gross domestic product (GDP)3,5643,2553,8964,8974,1943,8754,0974,7024,9974,8635,4005,7375,3644,7795,1585,8855,3614,8524,6575,288
Domestic demand2,6362,2962,5272,7212,3742,5642,6952,7352,2772,4362,7882,9052,3042,5772,9093,0842,3302,7372,9693,236
Consumption1,8621,7731,8511,9521,7711,9601,9172,0411,6411,8641,9652,1861,6661,9532,0412,3321,6732,0482,0542,409
Personal consumption expenditure9109439809709339721,0059999709751,0391,1069991,0311,0861,2181,0191,1151,1021,257
Government consumption expenditure9538308719828389889121,0436718899261,0816679229551,1156549349511,153
Gross capital formation773523676769603604778693636572824719638623868751657688915827
Gross fixed investment773523676769603604778693636572823719638623868751657688915827
Construction424301409471401325411472413321425508411329434528425358473576
Machinery and equipment349222266297201280367221223251398211228295434223232330441251
Change in stocks10000000000000000000
Net exports of goods and services1,7941,0321,3601,5901,9411,5671,9332,7512,4912,3232,8073,1113,1182,2742,4922,7453,1371,9781,8131,875
Exports of goods and services3,3762,3682,6282,9903,2233,0013,3654,1473,8663,7644,4374,6594,7514,0504,1534,2844,5953,7623,5403,455
Imports of goods and services1,5821,3371,2681,4001,2831,4341,4321,3961,3751,4411,6301,5481,6321,7761,6621,5391,4581,7841,7271,580
Statistical discrepancy (residual to tally up)−866−739587−120−257−531−784229105−196−279−59−71−24256−106137−124177
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 5.Brunei Darussalam: Real GDP by Economic Activity, 2007–13(In millions of Brunei dollars, 2000 prices)
2007200820092010201120122013
Gross domestic product (GDP)11,98611,75411,54611,84612,25312,36912,152
Oil and gas sector6,0245,6515,3895,5315,5435,5445,142
Oil and gas mining4,5774,1514,0094,0754,0554,0483,625
Manufacture of liquefied natural gas (LNG)1,4471,5001,3801,4301,4881,4961,517
Non-oil and gas sector5,9636,1036,1586,3166,5626,8257,010
Government2,2072,2672,2982,3882,4692,5332,578
Private sector3,7563,8373,8603,9544,0954,2934,433
Non-oil and gas sector5,9636,1036,1586,3166,5626,8257,010
Vegetables, fruits, and other agriculture29353434334437
Livestock and poultry51535956646768
Forestry5773342
Fishery44394139393938
Manufacture of wearing apparel and textile1371329043393940
Other manufacturing767469909093100
Electricity and water88899599101107109
Construction489498478489505525553
Wholesale and retail trade558561586613641682706
Water transport164178200201211219226
Air transport72717373869192
Other transport services100109112135129133139
Communication159170171183192205216
Finance494506493504497512527
Real estate and ownership of dwellings417426425432439441456
Hotels and restaurants42425364758085
Private health and education services9798125137147157163
Business services621633631640670709724
Domestic services48494949545759
Other private services64687071828992
Government services2,2072,2672,2982,3882,4692,5332,578
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 6.Brunei Darussalam: Quarterly Real GDP by Economic Activity, 2009–13(In millions of Brunei dollars, 2000 prices)
20092010201120122013
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4
Gross domestic product (GDP)2,8292,5722,8263,3202,9402,7412,9103,2563,0222,8053,0563,3703,0422,8352,9873,5053,0682,8912,8723,321
Oil and gas sector1,3721,1361,3081,5721,4541,2561,3491,4461,4841,2771,3871,3951,4641,2521,3311,4971,4761,2441,1751,247
Oil and gas mining1,0008309831,1961,0929081,0051,0711,0989101,0311,0161,0808669681,1341,097836801891
Manufacture of liquefied natural gas (LNG)372306325377362349344375385367356379384386363364379408374356
Non-oil and gas sector1,4571,4361,5181,7481,4861,4851,5611,8111,5371,5281,5951,9031,5781,5831,6562,0081,5931,6471,6962,075
Government499484563752525502587775548520598803569538612813568544621845
Private sector9589519569959619839741,0369891,0089961,1021,0091,04510441,1951,0251,1031,0751,230
Non-oil and gas sector1,4571,4361,5181,7481,4861,4851,5611,8111,5371,5281,5951,9031,5781,5831,6562,0081,5931,6471,6962,075
Vegetables, fruits, and other agriculture5910101099878991099179999
Livestock and poultry1812141514141514161615171617171815161720
Forestry12221111111121111111
Fishery11910111010101010109101010101091099
Manufacture of wearing apparel and textile292323151210111012108911117101012711
Other manufacturing2317141524331618213516182236171826371720
Electricity and water2224242424252525232526272727282626282827
Construction114101138125110108142130114107146138113110149153119115154164
Wholesale and retail trade153145149139159152156147165152164160170159172181170172176188
Water transport6530525355345556653257586434576466365865
Air transport1615291314172815182429161825291918252920
Other transport services2745201945462221394423243946232638502427
Communication1831774521328447233386512336866024418863
Finance109104110170112105112175107102110178108105114184110109118191
Real estate and ownership of dwellings106105107107108107109109108107109115108109111113109115117116
Hotels and restaurants1410141516171416202115192122162022241821
Private health and education services3127353239293633433238344534403846364239
Business services17420697154166200102172172206108185178210123199180218126200
Domestic services1212121212121212131413131415141514161515
Other private services924191810241719133017221332202513342125
Government Services499484563752525502587775548520598803569538612813568544621845
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 7.Brunei Darussalam: Real GDP by Expenditure, 2007–13(In millions of Brunei dollars, 2000 prices)
2007200820092010201120122013
Gross domestic product (GDP)11,98611,75411,54611,84612,25312,36912,152
Domestic demand9,6439,96910,33510,46410,51410,88411,189
Consumption7,4407,4757,8498,0668,0658,3638,528
Personal consumption expenditure3,6883,7533,9304,0114,1584,3764,499
Government consumption expenditure3,7523,7233,9194,0553,9073,9874,029
Gross capital formation2,2042,4942,4862,3982,4482,5212,661
Gross fixed investment2,2052,4972,4862,3982,4482,5212,661
Construction1,2751,4451,4631,4921,5281,5551,649
Machinery and equipment9301,0531,0239069199661,012
Change in stocks−1−301110
Net exports of goods and services2,0021,0177151,444571−447−873
Exports of goods and services7,0136,5776,2306,9446,7006,4625,932
Imports of goods and services5,0105,5605,5155,5006,1306,9096,804
Statistical discrepancy (residual to tally up)341768497−6211691,9321,836
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 8.Brunei Darussalam: Quarterly Real GDP by Expenditure, 2009–13(In millions of Brunei dollars, 2000 prices)
20092010201120122013
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4
Gross domestic product (GDP)2,8292,5722,8263,3202,9402,7412,9103,2563,0222,8053,0563,3703,0422,8352,9873,5053,0682,8912,8723,321
Domestic demand2,5192,4022,7082,7062,3512,5362,7922,7862,2962,4202,8712,9272,3312,5092,9793,0652,3552,6153,0223,197
Consumption1,8111,9072,0912,0401,7991,9912,1552,1221,7131,9142,1982,2411,7431,9802,2822,3571,7542,0522,2922,430
Personal consumption expenditure8891,0681,0828929021,0961,1019139361,1001,1289939691,1441,1781,0849861,2051,1911,117
Government consumption expenditure9238391,0091,1488978951,0541,2097768131,0691,2487758361,1041,2737688481,1001,314
Gross capital formation708495617667552545638664584506673686587529698708601563731767
Gross fixed investment707495617667552544637664584506673685587529697708601563731767
Construction393278369423383301372435394288386460393294396472403311425510
Machinery and equipment314217248243169243265229189218286226194235301236198252305257
Change in stocks00000000000000000000
Net exports of goods and services774732826348859199698373822590−65−344−162124223−430−380−286
Exports of goods and services1,6701,3321,5521,6761,7351,4781,6472,0851,7531,5131,7141,7201,7211,5061,5571,6781,7381,4461,4151,333
Imports of goods and services1,5941,2851,2241,4131,2461,4191,4481,3881,3801,4311,6891,6301,7861,8501,7191,5541,5141,8761,7951,619
Statistical discrepancy (residual to tally up)233124−210350101146−82−227352303160353777670169317491706230410
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 9.Brunei Darussalam: Oil and Gas Production and Sales, 2007–12
200720082009201020112012
(In thousands of barrels per day)
Oil production194174167170166159
Crude petroleum175154148152148141
Natural gas liquids151413121313
Number of wells (end of year)823807801818769719
(In billions of cubic meters per year)
Gas production12.512.411.812.513.012.7
Export volumes
Oil (kbbl per day)173153148155155151
LNG (trillion btu)364366336341360350
Average export prices
Crude oil (US$/ barrel)79.1101.064.479.3116.2117.6
LNG (US$/ MMBtu) 1/6.312.910.511.616.517.9
Source: Petroleum Unit, Prime Minister’s Office.

LNG data for 2008–12 are provisional.

Source: Petroleum Unit, Prime Minister’s Office.

LNG data for 2008–12 are provisional.

Table 10.Brunei Darussalam: Government Sector Employment by Grade, 2007–12
200720082009201020112012
(Number of persons)
Total government employees44,77746,09146,75747,41948,89848,145
Division I: Heads of department/section809903939964941886
Division II: Senior officers8,1768,6078,7419,0589,5889,531
Division III: Supervisory10,62010,82811,30711,49611,69311,409
Division IV: Clerical and operators11,73411,99612,08712,24612,53512,255
Division V: Clerical and operators13,43813,75713,68313,65514,14114,064
(In percent of total)
Division I: Heads of department/section1.82.02.02.01.91.8
Division II: Senior officers18.318.718.719.119.619.8
Division III: Supervisory23.723.524.224.223.923.7
Division IV: Clerical and operators26.226.025.925.825.625.5
Division V: Clerical and operators30.029.829.328.828.929.2
(Percent change)
Total government employees2.92.91.41.43.1−1.5
Source: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Source: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Table 11.Brunei Darussalam: Consumer Price Index, 2009–13(January 2010=100; percent change)
Weights (In percent)20092010201120122013
All groups100.099.8100.0100.2100.3100.6
1.00.20.10.10.4
Food and non-alcoholic beverages19.192.893.897.098.899.8
2.31.03.51.81.0
Clothing and footwear4.2102.8101.8103.9102.7103.2
1.3−0.92.1−1.20.5
Housing, water, electricity, gas, and other fuels11.196.096.197.398.899.6
−0.60.11.31.50.9
Furnishings, household equipment, and routine household maintenance11.099.999.799.7100.399.6
3.3−0.20.10.5−0.7
Health1.395.197.095.997.599.7
0.61.9−1.11.62.3
Transport18.8104.3104.5105.4104.1104.6
−0.10.20.9−1.20.4
Communication6.098.999.2101.4100.9100.1
−1.10.32.3−0.6−0.8
Recreation and culture9.198.397.297.0100.7100.9
0.3−1.0−0.33.90.2
Education3.9106.5106.8105.3104.1103.9
0.00.3−1.4−1.2−0.2
Restaurants and hotels8.998.298.999.299.1100.4
2.90.70.3−0.11.3
Miscellaneous goods and services6.597.097.6103.8104.5101.5
1.80.76.40.6−2.8
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); CEIC Data Co. Ltd; and IMF staff estimates.
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); CEIC Data Co. Ltd; and IMF staff estimates.
Table 12.Brunei Darussalam: Composition of Government Revenue, 2009/10–2013/14(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2009–102010–112011–122012–132013–14
Budget(Outturn) ActualBudget(Outturn) ActualBudget(Outturn) ActualBudget(Outturn) ActualBudget(Outturn) Provisional as of Dec.
Total Revenue4,0006,3934,6319,1665,89912,9366,28811,7655,7926,776
Oil and gas revenue3,2345,5903,8548,0895,17412,0205,52110,3304,9996,122
Revenues from government operations6587446708867159037571,403783638
Taxes307431324532348406398584418377
Fees, charges, and rent321294314302328330323330336238
Others3119315339167364882922
Returns from investment and savings108591071901013100

33
1016
Memorandum items:
Oil and gas sector revenue3,2345,5903,8548,0895,17412,0205,52110,3304,9996,122
Non-oil sector revenues7668037771,0777259167671,435793653
Oil and gas (in percent)81878388889388888690
Source: Data provided by the Brunei authorities.
Source: Data provided by the Brunei authorities.
Table 13.Brunei Darussalam: Composition of Quarterly Government Revenue, 2009/10–2013/14(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2009–102010–112011–122012–132013–14
JunSeptDecMarJunSeptDecMarJunSeptDecMarJunSeptDecMarJunSeptDec
Total revenue1,4611,5161,3022,1132,0031,8982,1893,0772,7603,3773,6833,1162,6263,0162,3753,7482,4652,2102,100
Oil and gas revenue1,2351,3381,0991,9171,7011,6712,0142,7042,4383,1843,4632,9342,4152,7702,2052,9402,1572,0071,958
Revenues from government operations224177202141301227175185321191218173209231167795306191141
Taxes15110212455199150988495108133701301458122821410361
Fees, charges, and rent66717681717473847778819373798494798476
Others74363034161485496724741354
Returns from investment and savings22155111188112102162122112
Memorandum items:
Oil and gas sector revenue1,2351,3381,0991,9171,7011,6712,0142,7042,4383,1843,4632,9342,4152,7702,2052,9402,1572,0071,958
Non-oil sector revenues225179203196301227175373322192220182211247170808308203143
Oil and gas (in percent of total revenue)85888491858892888894949492929378889193
Source: Data provided by the Brunei authorities.
Source: Data provided by the Brunei authorities.
Table 14.Brunei Darussalam: Composition of Government Expenditure and Budget Balance, 2009/10–2013/14(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2009–102010–112011–122012–132013–14
BudgetOutturn ActualBudgetOutturn ActualBudgetOutturn ActualBudgetOutturn ActualBudgetOutturn Actual As of Dec.
Total expenditure5,6556,6395,6556,3515,8007,1825,9007,4836,1004,486
Current4,0134,6854,0744,9844,1845,4264,3275,2904,4673,070
Wages and salaries1,7871,7501,8191,8141,8601,8581,9401,8821,9681,447
Other charges annually recurrent1,5561,7221,5861,7851,6541,8501,7181,8111,8291,197
Charged6691,2136691,3856691,7186691,597669426
Pensions259373259382259409259416259346
Royalties payments3007163008783001,1993001,0693000
Others11012411012411011011011211081
Capital1,6421,9541,5811,3671,6161,7561,5732,1921,6331,416
Other charges special expenditure5921,057531496566613523696583481
Development expenditure1,0508971,0508711,0501,1431,0501,4971,050935
Total revenue4,0006,3934,6319,1665,89912,9366,28811,7655,7926,776
Total expenditure5,6556,6395,6556,3515,8007,1825,9007,4836,1004,486
Primary budget surplus−1,655−246−1,0242,815995,7283884,283−3082,290
Total revenue excluding royalties3,6005,6664,0388,26511,7125,98810,6965,4926,776
Total expenditure excluding royalties5,3555,9235,3555,4735,5005,9835,6006,4135,8004,486
Primary budget surplus excluding royalties−1,755−257−1,3172,7925,7283884,283−3082,290
Non-oil revenue 1/7668037771,077725916767451767451
Non-oil expenditure 2/5,3555,9235,3555,4735,5005,9835,6002,7165,8002,716
Non-oil primary balance−4,589−5,120−4,578−4,396−4,775−5,067−4,833−2,265−4,833−2,265
Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and IMF staff estimates.

Excludes energy sector corporate taxes, royalties, and dividends.

Excludes disbursements of royalties.

Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and IMF staff estimates.

Excludes energy sector corporate taxes, royalties, and dividends.

Excludes disbursements of royalties.

Table 15.Brunei Darussalam: Composition of Quarterly Government Expenditure and Budget Balance, 2010/11–2013/14(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2010/112011/122012/132013/14
JunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSepDec
Total expenditure1,2871,3391,6872,0391,4771,5621,8462,2981,5491,6971,8322,4041,6461,6731,851
Current1,0831,1541,2501,4971,1841,2351,4171,5901,0861,1971,3611,6461,1511,1971,407
Wages and salaries409436526444421424565449429431569454433437576
Other charges annually recurrent366370372677369371413697302365409735346408443
Charged308349352377394441440444355402383457371352388
Pensions9597949610210610010281106104124110109126
Royalties payments193214231241272311316300257271256286237219229
Others193827402024244217242348232433
Capital204185437542293326429708464500471758495477444
Other charges special expenditure94181832015666118374124150128293158144179
Development expenditure109167255341238260310334339350343464337332265
Investment in public enterprises
Total revenue2,0031,8982,1893,0772,7603,3773,6833,1162,6263,0162,3753,7482,4652,2102,100
Primary budget surplus7165595011,0381,2831,8151,8378191,0751,3195431,3441,057756478
Total revenue, excluding royalties1,8091,6791,9582,8192,4893,0603,3672,7972,3672,7452,1193,4622,2281,9911,872
Total expenditure, excluding royalties1,0931,1251,4571,7981,2061,2511,5301,9981,2931,4261,5772,1181,1721,2361,394
Primary budget surplus, excluding royalties7165545011,0211,2831,8091,8377991,0751,3195431,3441,057756478
Non-oil revenue 1/301227175373322192220182209242220182308203143
Non-oil expenditure 2/1,0931,1251,4571,7981,2061,2511,5301,9981,2931,4261,5772,1181,1721,2361,394
Non-oil primary balance−792−898−1,281−1,425−884−1,058−1,310−1,815−1,084−1,183−1,357−1,936−864−1,033−1,251
Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and IMF staff estimates.

Excludes energy sector corporate taxes, royalties, and dividends.

Excludes disbursements of royalties.

Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and IMF staff estimates.

Excludes energy sector corporate taxes, royalties, and dividends.

Excludes disbursements of royalties.

Table 16.Brunei Darussalam: Central Bank Survey, 2009–13 1/
20092010201120122013
MarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSepDec
(In millions of Brunei dollars; end of period)
Net foreign assets1,4501,5521,6881,6781,6192,6962,3463,2773,1223,6323,9513,8033,8863,875
Claims on nonresidents1,9381,9862,1362,1172,1953,1082,7703,6913,5344,0354,5574,2224,3174,292
Foreign exchange1,3991,5011,6471,6261,6892,6452,3023,2263,0803,5834,1093,7643,8533,824
Reserve position in the Fund3027272728262726262625262627
SDR holdings476429433426439417422418409407403412418422
Other3329293938202020202020202020
Liabilities to nonresidents488434449439576412424414413402606419431417
Netdomestic assets175193−665186−28−31−185−535−741−897−828−951−899
Net domestic credit2683011,0191,0971,214988968820477353224266149135
Net claims on central government−268−270131122119138115115116−70−77−77−78−57
Claims on central government0.860.8230130130130130130130111111
Central government deposits2692701701791811631861861847077787958
Claims on other depository corporations5375718889751,094850853704360422300344227192
Capital accounts1141271,0441,0501,0551,0451,0261,0291,0361,1591,1501,1261,1351,070
Others, net−20−19−18−18−27−29−27−25−25−66−29−32−35−36
Monetary base1,6241,7441,6811,7431,8042,6652,3133,0912,5862,8873,0512,9732,9342,971
Currency in circulation9551,0249509429151,6901,2392,1251,6241,6271,1291,1401,0961,220
Liabilities to other depository corporations6707207318008899751,0749659621,2601,9221,8331,8381,751
Memorandum items:
Monetary base (annual growth, in percent)−4.07.45.17.710.352.837.677.443.38.331.9−3.813.52.9
Claims to nonresidents/monetary base (in percent)119114127121122117120119137140 #149142147144
AMBD net external asset ratio 2/1.51.51.71.71.81.61.91.51.92.23.63.33.53.1
Brunei dollars per U.S. dollar (end of period)1.401.291.261.231.301.301.261.271.231.221.241.271.261.27
Sources: IMF, International Financial Statistics; and Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam (AMBD) was established on January 1, 2011; prior to 2011 reflect Brunei Currency and Monetary Board Survey data.

Ratio of foreign exchange holding to currency.

Sources: IMF, International Financial Statistics; and Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam (AMBD) was established on January 1, 2011; prior to 2011 reflect Brunei Currency and Monetary Board Survey data.

Ratio of foreign exchange holding to currency.

Table 17.Brunei Darussalam: Other Depository Corporations Survey, 2008–13
200820092010201120122013
MarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSepDec
(In millions of Brunei dollars; end of period)
Net foreign assets9,4687,1289,38010,56011,08912,53512,89712,92311,14111,84911,22711,75611,41811,21610,172
Claims on nonresidents9,8477,5429,80610,85011,35012,74213,09813,17211,35212,04111,42911,92711,56211,41410,319
Liabilities to nonresidents379414426290262207201249211193201171144199147
Claims on central bank9558429238859541,0391,8341,5142,2441,7311,9612,1032,0062,0381,992
Net claims on central government−5,105−1,713−2,480−2,731−2,642−4,160−5,120−3,914−3,840−4,704−3,917−4,432−3,774−3,817−3,101
Claims on central government20328820965299352496296596400500400579400500
Central government deposits5,3082,0012,6882,7962,9414,5125,6164,2094,4365,1034,4174,8314,3534,2173,601
Claims on other sectors7,2296,9846,9437,0016,6056,6356,7126,6836,7556,8296,8646,9427,1617,4257,541
Claims on private sector7,1376,9206,8386,8096,4746,5186,4956,3936,4546,6296,6106,6146,7856,9877,000
Claims on public nonfinancial corporations926385743622108193280181194180196204320
Claims on other financial corporations0020118959510996211960148179233220
Liabilities to central bank9204845338499321,076700817617268323373491338426
Demand deposits included in broad money3,6474,6072,9933,1423,0702,9173,4023,6873,4803,5233,3673,2163,4593,6763,487
Other deposits included in broad money6,5536,6058,7569,0479,3619,3869,60410,0099,4419,5249,6689,8999,8719,8879,702
Securities other than shares included in broad money1.11.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Shares and other equity1,7051,9041,9321,9732,0192,0412,0732,1352,1902,2282,1842,2442,2912,2842,349
Other items (net)−280−361552704624629543558573161592637697677639
Memorandum items:
Net foreign assets (annual growth, in percent)31.9−24.731.619.623.033.337.522.40.5−5.5−12.9−9.02.5−5.3−9.4
Claims on private sector (annual growth, in percent)3.3−2.2−1.1−0.9−7.3−7.7−5.0−6.1−0.31.71.83.45.15.45.9
Prime lending rate (end of period)5.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.5
Brunei dollars per U.S. dollar (end of period)1.441.401.291.261.231.301.301.261.271.231.221.241.271.261.27
Source: IMF, International Financial Statistics.
Source: IMF, International Financial Statistics.
Table 18.Brunei Darussalam: Depository Corporations Survey, 2008–13
200820092010201120122013
MarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSepDec
(In millions of Brunei dollars; end of period)
Net foreign assets10,5488,57710,97312,24812,76912,14715,59315,26914,41814,97014,86015,70715,22115,10214,048
Claims on nonresidents10,9629,48011,79212,98613,46714,93716,20615,94215,04215,57615,46316,48415,78415,73214,612
Liabilities to nonresidents414902860739701783613673625605604777563629564
Net domestic assets3923,4191,648751467−1,073−1,743−762−599−952−885−1,633−912−625131
Net domestic credit1,8535,0024,1974,4014,0852,5941,7302,8843,0312,2412,8772,4343,3093,5304,382
Net claims on central government−5,376−1,981−2,746−2,897−2,817−2,387−4,982−3,799−3,725−4,587−3,987−4,508−3,852−3,895−3,158
Claims on central government203289209366600652796597897701500401580401501
Central government deposits5,5792,2702,9592,9663,1204,6935,7794,3954,6215,2884,4884,9094,4324,2963,659
Claims on other sectors7,2296,9846,9437,0016,6056,6156,7126,6836,7556,8296,8646,9427,1617,4257,541
Claims on private sector7,1376,9206,8386,8096,4746,4986,4956,3936,4546,6296,6106,6146,7856,9877,000
Claims on public nonfinancial corporations926385743622108193280181194180196204320
Claims on other financial corporations0020118959510996211960148179233220
Shares and other equity1,7842,0192,0952,7112,7632,7813,1193,1613,2203,2643,3443,3943,4183,4193,419
Other items (net)−324−435502197119−74367497421−61431685814745844
Broad money liabilities10,94011,99612,57313,44413,67613,50813,83714,49513,80814,00813,96214,06214,29814,46814,166
Currency outside depository corp.739784824796788765831799887961926947968905978
Transferable deposits3,6474,6072,9933,1423,0702,9173,4023,6873,4803,5233,3673,2163,4593,6763,487
Other deposits6,5536,6058,7569,0479,3619,3869,60410,0099,4419,5249,6689,8999,8719,8879,702
Securities other than shares110000000000000
Source: IMF, International Financial Statistics.
Source: IMF, International Financial Statistics.
Table 19.Brunei Darussalam: Financial Soundness Indicators, 2010–13
2010201120122013
MarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSepDec
(Average all banks, in percent)
Capital adequacy
Regulatory capital to risk-weighted assets21.119.220.119.418.819.219.518.520.919.419.419.019.2
Regulatory tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets21.519.820.420.019.820.020.219.321.019.619.519.620.0
Asset quality
Gross nonperforming ratio 1/2/8.513.89.69.07.67.67.27.06.86.86.76.85.7
Net nonperforming ratio 2/2.98.03.32.71.81.91.81.81.61.61.81.91.7
Nonperforming loans net of provisions to capital 2/8.423.08.47.24.94.94.64.74.34.24.85.3
Earnings and profitability
Return on assets, before tax1.51.31.41.21.11.41.41.30.81.41.31.31.4
Return on equity, after tax10.711.212.58.47.313.312.712.05.612.311.39.910.6
Interest margin to gross income63.365.065.368.565.864.465.264.489.075.675.375.3
Non-interest expenses to gross income49.351.748.752.253.345.947.348.661.548.350.450.649.1
Liquidity
Liquid assets to total assets (liquid asset ratio)57.260.062.663.364.064.163.664.362.260.559.958.056.2
Liquid assets to short-term liabilities (demand and savings deposits)127.9147.1159.6155.9137.5142.5149.2136.9143.8147.8147.6119.9113.1
Sensitivity to market risk 3/
Net open position in foreign exchange to capital13.516.016.220.333.018.216.717.515.613.113.316.8
Source: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

The calculation of NPL ratio is based on the Financial Soundness Indicators Compilation Guide (page 183, Appendix II, paragraph 22). Accrued interest on NPA is excluded from both the numerator and denominator.

Ratios are much higher in end-March 2011 due to a corporate loan that has surpassed the 90-day tenor as of March 2011. This loan has been settled subsequently.

… indicates that data are not available.

Source: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

The calculation of NPL ratio is based on the Financial Soundness Indicators Compilation Guide (page 183, Appendix II, paragraph 22). Accrued interest on NPA is excluded from both the numerator and denominator.

Ratios are much higher in end-March 2011 due to a corporate loan that has surpassed the 90-day tenor as of March 2011. This loan has been settled subsequently.

… indicates that data are not available.

Table 20.Brunei Darussalam: Financial Soundness Indicators by Bank Type, 2013 1/
All BanksDomestic BanksForeign BanksIslamic BanksConventional Banks
Capital Adequacy
Regulatory capital to risk-weighted assets20.421.618.222.720.4
Regulatory Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets21.222.119.522.821.2
Asset quality
Gross nonperforming ratio5.77.32.37.63.7
Net nonperforming ratio1.62.01.02.60.7
Nonperforming loans net of provisions to capital4.55.32.86.42.1
Profitability
Return on assets, before tax1.31.70.91.71.1
Return on equity, after tax10.210.310.09.111.5
Interest margin to gross income75.180.365.986.665.6
Non-interest expenses to gross income, net
of international expenses and provisions50.347.155.944.155.4
Liquidity
Liquid assets to total assets (liquid asset ratio)56.245.467.350.060.5
Liquid assets to short-term liabilities (demand and savings deposits)113.1113.3112.9121.9108.6
Sensitivity to market risk
Net open position in foreign exchange to capital fund16.722.83.625.94.7
Source: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

As of end-September 2013.

Source: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

As of end-September 2013.

Table 21.Brunei Darussalam: Sukuk Outstanding and Yield, 2006–14
3-Month6-Month9-Month1-YearTotal
OutstandingYieldOutstandingYieldOutstandingYieldOutstandingYieldOutstanding
(B$ millions)(percent, e.o.p.)(B$ millions)(percent, e.o.p.)(B$ millions)(percent, e.o.p.)(B$ millions)(percent, e.o.p.)(B$ millions)
Jun-063003.4300
Sep-061503.4150
Dec-061203.4120
Mar-07903.290
Jun-071402.3140
Sep-07802.5452.3125
Dec-07952.2452.3140
Mar-080751.575
Jun-08680.9751.5143
Sep-08931.0301.5123
Dec-081480.7651.2213
Mar-091540.3460.5200
Jun-091310.3460.5177
Sep-091400.4960.5236
Dec-091310.4610.5192
Mar-10700.4500.5120
Jun-101580.3500.5208
Sep-101480.4650.3213
Dec-101430.4650.3208
Mar-1100.3650.365
Jun-112390.2650.3304
Sep-112560.2960.4352
Dec-114000.2960.4496
Mar-122000.2960.4296
Jun-121000.2960.4196
Sep-123000.21000.3400
Dec-124000.21000.3500
Mar-133000.21000.30400
Jun-134790.21000.3579
Sep-133000.11000.2400
Dec-131000.21000.182000.21000.2500
Mar-142000.22000.193000.21000.2800
Sources: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam; and IMF staff calculations.
Sources: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam; and IMF staff calculations.
Table 22.Brunei Darussalam: Balance of Payments, 2006–12(In millions of U.S. dollars; unless otherwise indicated)
2006200720082009201020112012
Current account balance 1/5,7525,8577,0564,3205,6237,1887,397
In percent of GDP50.147.849.040.345.543.143.6
Trade balance6,0395,7007,8404,9006,4398,8579,419
Exports7,6277,69210,6987,1728,77012,46512,982
Oil and gas7,3467,39610,3216,8918,47211,89612,472
Other281295377281298569509
Imports1,5881,9922,8582,2722,3313,6083,563
Services (net)−469−503−535−519−558−801−836
Receipts7458138679151,0541,0901,168
Payments1,2141,3171,4031,4341,6121,8922,004
Income (net)5881,091171385217−320−606
Receipts 1/1,4911,6941,3551,1471,1391,185975
Payments 1/9036041,1847629211,5061,581
Current transfers (net)−405−430−420−445−475−548−580
Receipts0000000
Payments405430420445475548580
Capital and financial account balance−612−267287448714679−6,598
Capital account balance (net)−7−7−8−11−11−11−11
Financial account balance−605−259295459725690−6,587
Direct investment (net)105258222326631393422
Portfolio investment (net)−9035888139155165137
Other investment (net) 1/2/−620−875−15−6−61132−7,147
Errors and omissions 3/−5,118−5,436−7,259−4,162−6,131−6,9440
Overall balance2215484606206924799
Gross official reserves 4/5146677511,3571,5632,4873,285
In months of next year’s imports1.91.92.44.13.45.4
Memorandum items:
Exchange rates
Brunei dollars per U.S. dollar (period average)1.61.51.41.51.41.31.2
Nominal effective exchange rates (2005=100)102.9103.6106.9107.8110.2113.2114.8
Real effective exchange rates (2005 = 100)100.799.9100.5102.2102.4101.6100.6
Nominal GDP (in millions of U.S. dollars)11,47112,24814,39310,73312,37116,69116,954
Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and IMF staff estimates.

Based on IMF staff estimates.

Includes changes in banks’ net foreign assets.

The large scale of errors and omissions reflects the lack of comprehensive balance of payments data.

Includes Brunei Currency and Monetary Board’s foreign exchange assets, SDR holdings, and reserve position in the IMF.

Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and IMF staff estimates.

Based on IMF staff estimates.

Includes changes in banks’ net foreign assets.

The large scale of errors and omissions reflects the lack of comprehensive balance of payments data.

Includes Brunei Currency and Monetary Board’s foreign exchange assets, SDR holdings, and reserve position in the IMF.

Table 23.Brunei Darussalam: Exports by Commodity, 2007–13
2007200820092010201120122013
(In millions of Brunei dollars)
Total exports11,55614,94210,43512,11815,67816,22114,309
Food and live animals75234619
Beverages and tobacco0011222
Crude material inedible1113720161915
Mineral fuels11,11114,61610,02411,53014,96415,53113,812
Chemicals466134243312115
Manufactured goods38404452637089
Machinery and transport equipment163114223218307191159
Miscellaneous manufactured articles208140115140626860
Other1581319172322
(In percent of total exports)
Total exports100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Food and live animals0.10.00.00.00.00.00.1
Beverages and tobacco0.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Crude material inedible0.10.10.10.20.10.10.1
Mineral fuels96.197.896.195.295.495.796.5
Chemicals0.00.00.11.11.61.90.8
Manufactured goods0.30.30.40.40.40.40.6
Machinery and transport equipment1.40.82.11.82.01.21.1
Miscellaneous manufactured articles1.80.91.11.20.40.40.4
Other0.10.10.10.20.10.10.2
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 24.Brunei Darussalam: Value and Destination of Selected Exports, 2007–13 1/
2007200820092010201120122013
(In millions of Brunei dollars)
Value of major exports
Petroleum7,6277,9494,9756,1127,9577,8236,398
Natural gas3,4846,6675,0495,4167,0067,7067,414
(In millions of U.S. dollars)
Petroleum5,0615,5443,4184,4836,3256,2165,113
Natural gas2,3124,6503,4703,9725,5696,1235,925
(In millions of Brunei dollars)
Major exports by destination
Petroleum7,6277,9494,9756,1127,9577,8236,398
Japan649479134450461459286
Korea, Republic of1,1331,5198311,3971,7721,476770
Philippines214325791
Singapore34107111954548
Thailand1541132007290543497
United States43087
Natural gas3,4846,6675,0495,4167,0067,7067,414
Japan3,2155,9754,6754,8046,3156,6864,276
Korea, Republic of2696923746126911,020884
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.; and IMF staff calculations.

… indicates that data are not available.

Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.; and IMF staff calculations.

… indicates that data are not available.

Table 25.Brunei Darussalam: Exports by Country of Destination, 2007–13(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2007200820092010201120122013
ASEAN2,1532,5171,2291,5052,1772,3812,436
Of which:
Indonesia1,8532,0837728601,069574426
Malaysia6130112180464111341
Philippines11502381176103
Singapore133174184342275291381
Thailand10680138106121590517
European Union18141225364017
Of which:
France1101340
Germany521611182
United Kingdom911614141311
Others5,4977,8855,92510,58213,43713,7938,604
Of which:
Australia1,0511,0805241,2511,5551,209980
Japan2,5654,5023,3055,2676,7977,1594,569
Korea, Republic of9301,5428292,0222,5042,5541,689
Taiwan Province of China1126424010
United States386664519161197
Total7,66810,4167,16612,11215,64916,21411,057
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 26.Brunei Darussalam: Imports by Commodity, 2007–13
2007200820092010201120122013
(In millions of Brunei dollars)
Total imports (c.i.f.)3,1663,6473,4923,4574,5294,4554,521
Food and live animals407450423494560549600
Beverages and tobacco78787976595962
Crude material inedible21223542655851
Mineral fuels6894112176355429339
Animal and vegetable oils and fats14161214171514
Chemicals236263279305293302360
Manufactured goods689801781686857975913
Machinery and transport equipments1,3111,5991,3831,1591,1311,2431,648
Miscellaneous manufactured articles326303358367332657478
Other17223131279237
(In percent of total imports)
Total imports (c.i.f.)100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Food and live animals12.812.312.114.312.412.313.3
Beverages and tobacco2.42.12.32.21.31.31.4
Crude material inedible0.70.61.01.21.41.31.1
Mineral fuels2.12.63.25.17.89.67.5
Animal and vegetable oils and fats0.40.50.30.40.40.30.3
Chemicals7.57.28.08.86.56.88.0
Manufactured goods21.822.022.419.818.921.920.2
Machinery and transport equipments41.443.839.633.525.027.936.5
Miscellaneous manufactured articles10.38.310.210.67.314.710.6
Other0.50.60.90.90.62.10.8
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 27.Brunei Darussalam: Imports by Country of Origin, 2007–13(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2007200820092010201120122013
ASEAN1,0411,2131,2431,7692,0262,3281,742
Of which:
Indonesia626858889110299
Malaysia398475465816839887781
Philippines71769121311
Singapore4725206146608831,051674
Thailand10413395186191260168
European Union231264246351353425321
Of which:
France23254016493916
Germany587558106127124123
Italy17332928297733
Netherlands22211916194047
United Kingdom7865661499610969
Others8291,0258691,2742,0961,6311,303
Of which:
Australia35363767616246
China158176140271414508389
Hong Kong SAR52652339325535
Japan178216214344262335207
Korea, Republic of34815176726169119
Taiwan Province of China43463964726338
United States268350312336446348396
Total (c.i.f.)3,1663,6473,4923,4574,5294,4553,419
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd
Table 28.Brunei Darussalam: Energy Sector, 2007–13
2007200820092010201120122013
Domestic consumption of oil products
Gasoline (m3)291,767298,908298,848308,963322,852340,045346,064
Kerosene (m3)4,9084,2173,5854,4253,1818,3548,516
Diesel (m3)242,270254,919267,277294,234329,090343,060320,251
Domestic retail prices (B$/liter)
ULG RON970.530.530.530.530.530.530.53
ULG RON920.520.520.520.520.520.520.52
ULG RON850.360.360.360.360.360.360.36
Kerosene (B$/liter)0.200.200.200.200.200.200.20
Diesel (B$/liter)0.310.310.310.310.310.310.31
Domestic natural gas consumption (in millions of M3)
Households31302829302825
Industry 1/1,6581,5951,6791,7511,6691,6741653
Electricity generation (in thousands of MMBTU)41,38640,93145,64946,91644,73345,60545,628
Dept of Electrical Services (in thousands)26,76326,58330,06131,40829,14229,87229,915
Berakas Power Company (in thousands)14,62314,34815,58815,50715,59115,73315,713
Electricity generation (GWh)3,3953,4233,6113,7923,72339293980
Natural gas plants3,3623,3903,5753,7543,68638913942
Diesel33333738373838
Electricity consumption (GWh)3,0493,1453,2433,3263,3433,4183,470
Electricity tariffs: households (B$)
Less than 10 kWh0.250.250.250.250.250.010.01
Next 60 kWh0.150.150.150.150.150.080.08
Next 100 kWh0.100.100.100.100.100.100.10
All above 170 kWh0.050.050.050.050.050.120.12
Minimum charge2.02.02.02.02.02.02.0
Prepayment tariff on all use0.060.060.060.060.06
Electricity tariffs: commercial/industrial 2/
Less than 10 kWh0.20.20.20.20.20.20.2
Next 100 kWh0.070.070.070.070.070.070.07
Next 100 kWh0.060.060.060.060.060.060.06
All above 170 kWh0.050.050.050.050.050.050.05
Minimum charge2.02.02.02.02.02.02.0
Electricity tariffs: government0.100.100.100.100.100.100.10
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and Petroleum Unit, Prime Minister’s Office.

Excludes gas consumed by BLNG and BMC.

First 10 units (KVA)=B$0.20/unit; next 100 units (KVA) = B$0.07/unit; next 100 units (KVA) = B$0.06/unit; remaining units = B$0.05/unit.

Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and Petroleum Unit, Prime Minister’s Office.

Excludes gas consumed by BLNG and BMC.

First 10 units (KVA)=B$0.20/unit; next 100 units (KVA) = B$0.07/unit; next 100 units (KVA) = B$0.06/unit; remaining units = B$0.05/unit.

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