Information about Asia and the Pacific Asia y el Pacífico
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Brunei Darussalam

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Published Date:
June 2013
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Table 1.Brunei Darussalam: Nominal GDP by Economic Activity, 2006–11(In millions of Brunei dollars)
200620072008200920102011
Gross domestic product (GDP)18,22618,45820,39815,61116,86720,579
Oil and gas sector12,49112,33314,3009,41710,46213,923
Oil and gas mining10,76810,60411,6727,3908,57211,630
Manufacture of liquefied natural gas (LNG)1,7231,7292,6282,0271,8902,294
Non-oil and gas sector5,7356,1266,0986,1946,4066,656
Government2,0082,2392,1522,1902,3132,413
Private sector3,7263,8863,9464,0054,0934,244
Non-oil and gas sector5,7356,1266,0986,1946,4066,656
Vegetables, fruits, and other agriculture212530292929
Livestock and poultry384146524651
Forestry557733
Fishery655747545149
Manufacture of wearing apparel and textile124117103805853
Other manufacturing797165748888
Electricity and water104112115122132135
Construction540530534518524550
Wholesale and retail trade486549558591623659
Water transport172150146161157162
Air transport115117114124123153
Other transport services6996109106123120
Communication147150165166174188
Finance553539593574583572
Real estate and ownership of dwellings415427433430438443
Hotels and restaurants675858727480
Private health and education services109107100127132142
Business services524599620615613641
Domestic services515152525455
Other private services434851537071
Government services2,0082,2392,1522,1902,3132,413
Memorandum items:
Population364,500370,000375,000380,100386,800393,372
GDP per capita (in Brunei dollars)50,00249,88854,39441,07243,60752,315
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 2.Brunei Darussalam: Quarterly Nominal GDP by Economic Activity, 2008–12(In millions of Brunei dollars)
20082009201020112012
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3
Gross domestic product (GDP)5,0835,0715,5954,6493,5643,2553,8964,8974,1943,8884,0974,7024,9944,8735,1885,5245,3654,7765,158
Oil and gas sector3,6023,6244,0693,0052,0661,7632,3933,1942,6462,3542,5342,9423,4073,2873,5703,6583,7253,1283,441
Oil and gas mining3,1733,1543,4691,8761,4191,3761,9662,6302,2501,8632,0742,3842,8882,7422,9523,0483,1892,5532,824
Manufacture of liquefied natural gas (LNG)4294706001,129648388428565396490460558520545619610536575617
Non-oil and gas sector1,4811,4461,5261,6441,4981,4911,5031,7031,5491,5351,5631,7601,5871,5861,6181,8661,6401,6491,717
Government503494504651513499513665544521542705564555563730587570578
Private sector9789531,0229939859929901,0381,0051,0141,0201,0541,0231,0301,0551,1361,0531,0791,139
Non-oil and gas sector1,4811,4461,5261,6441,4981,4911,5031,7031,5491,5351,5631,7601,5871,5861,6181,8661,6401,6491,717
Vegetables, fruits, and other agriculture77895889877767781066
Livestock and poultry11111212161112131211121113131214131514
Forestry1221122211111111211
Fishery13111112121213181313121213131211131314
Manufacture of wearing apparel and textile42202121212020191613181114161310141813
Other manufacturing18201711202615132128241419312414203743
Electricity and water28273030292932323232343331323438363138
Construction120105176134121109149139120112151142124111157158123119159
Wholesale and retail trade149140142128159145150138169153157144178153164164183163175
Water transport50223835522642424427434444264645442747
Air transport29263921303039252631392735454331344843
Other transport services45371512453515115837171152361714523817
Communication17287446182876442031784421328451213485
Finance116127160190120129138188122130139192117126137193117130143
Real estate and ownership of dwellings108109109108108106108108109108111111109108111115109110113
Hotels and restaurants15141315161819191719192019192122202024
Private health and education services32222224362933303928353143303832463146
Business services15619710616015720193164150192100172156194110182166200129
Domestic services13131313131313131313131413131315141416
Other private services816161281714141527121616251218172615
Government Services503494504651513499513665544521542705564555563730587570578
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 3.Brunei Darussalam: Nominal GDP by Expenditure, 2006–11(In millions of Brunei dollars)
200620072008200920102011
Gross domestic product (GDP)18,22618,45920,39815,61116,86720,579
Domestic demand8,80510,2949,89310,17910,36810,406
Consumption6,9027,8977,1047,4397,6897,656
Personal consumption expenditure3,6113,7223,6083,8033,9094,089
Government consumption expenditure3,2924,1753,4963,6363,7813,567
Gross capital formation1,9022,3972,7882,7412,6782,751
Gross fixed investment1,9072,3982,7892,7402,6782,750
Construction1,2221,3831,6011,6061,6091,666
Machinery and equipment6861,0151,1881,1341,0691,084
Change in stocks−5−2−1111
Net exports of goods and services8,4947,37510,3395,7758,19210,732
Exports of goods and services13,09012,52515,97111,36313,73716,726
Imports of goods and services4,5965,1495,6335,5875,5455,995
Statistical discrepancy (residual to tally up)927789167−343−1,692−558
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 4.Brunei Darussalam: Quarterly Nominal GDP by Expenditure, 2008–12(In millions of Brunei dollars)
20082009201020112012
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3
Gross domestic product (GDP)5,0835,0715,5954,6493,5643,2553,8964,8974,1943,8754,0974,7024,9974,8705,1915,5215,3644,7765,158
Domestic demand2,4082,2932,6462,5462,6362,2962,5272,7212,3742,5642,6952,7352,2772,4362,7882,9052,3042,5772,909
Consumption1,7741,7471,7991,7841,8621,7731,8511,9521,7711,9601,9172,0411,6411,8641,9652,1861,6661,9532,041
Personal consumption expenditure8689149448839109439809709339721,0059999709751,0391,1069991,0311,086
Government consumption expenditure9078348559019538308719828389889121,0436718899261,081667922955
Gross capital formation633546847763773523676769603604778693636572824719638623868
Gross fixed investment635545847762773523676769603604778693636572823719638623868
Construction416296425463424301409471401325411472413321425508411329434
Machinery and equipment219249422299349222266297201280367221223251398211228295434
Change in stocks−21−11100000000000000
Net exports of goods and services2,4972,6642,7302,4471,7941,0321,3601,5901,9411,5671,9332,7512,4912,3232,8073,1113,1592,3192,231
Exports of goods and services3,7633,9694,3933,8473,3762,3682,6282,9903,2233,0013,3654,1473,8663,7644,4374,6594,7574,0484,153
Imports of goods and services1,2661,3051,6621,4001,5821,3371,2681,4001,2831,4341,4321,3961,3751,4411,6301,5481,5991,7291,923
Statistical discrepancy (residual to tally up)179114219−344−866−739587−120−257−531−784229112−404−495−98−11918
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 5.Brunei Darussalam: Real GDP by Economic Activity, 2006–11(In millions of Brunei dollars, 2000 prices)
200620072008200920102011
Gross domestic product (GDP)11,96811,98611,75411,54611,84612,106
Oil and gas sector6,4706,0245,6515,3895,5055,543
Oil and gas mining4,9774,5774,1514,0094,0754,055
Manufacture of liquefied natural gas (LNG)1,4931,4471,5001,3801,4301,488
Non-oil and gas sector5,4985,9636,1036,1586,3426,564
Government1,9782,2072,2672,2982,3882,469
Private sector3,5203,7563,8373,8603,9544,095
Non-oil and gas sector5,4985,9636,1036,1586,3426,564
Vegetables, fruits, and other agriculture272935343433
Livestock and poultry495153595664
Forestry557733
Fishery524439413939
Manufacture of wearing apparel and textile135137132904339
Other manufacturing847674699090
Electricity and water8688899599101
Construction441489498478489505
Wholesale and retail trade499558561586613641
Water transport145164178200201211
Air transport727271737386
Other transport services62100109112135129
Communication163159170171183192
Finance476494506493504497
Real estate and ownership of dwellings408417426425432439
Hotels and restaurants484242536475
Private health and education services1229798125137147
Business services542621633631640670
Domestic services484849494954
Other private services566468707182
Government services1,9782,2072,2672,2982,3882,469
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 6.Brunei Darussalam: Quarterly Real GDP by Economic Activity, 2008–12(In millions of Brunei dollars, 2000 prices)
20082009201020112012
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3
Gross domestic product (GDP)2,9092,6922,9113,2422,8292,5722,8263,3202,9402,7412,9103,2563,0202,8052,9823,3003,0432,8342,987
Oil and gas sector1,4711,2821,3771,5201,3721,1361,3081,5721,4541,2561,3491,4461,4841,2771,3871,3951,4641,2511,331
Oil and gas mining1,0929181,0091,1321,0008309831,1961,0929081,0051,0711,0989101,0311,0161,081865968
Manufacture of liquefied natural gas (LNG)379364368388372306325377362349344375385367356379384386363
Non-oil and gas sector1,4381,4101,5341,7221,4571,4361,5181,7471,4861,4851,5611,8111,5371,5281,5951,9051,5781,5831,656
Government489480556741499484563752525502587775548520598803569538612
Private sector9499309789809589519569959619839741,0369891,0089961,1021,0091,0451044
Non-oil and gas sector1,4381,4101,5341,7221,4571,4361,5181,7471,4861,4851,5611,8111,5371,5281,5951,9051,5781,5831,656
Vegetables, fruits, and other agriculture891095910101099878991099
Livestock and poultry13131413181214151414151416161517161717
Forestry1221122211111111211
Fishery1099111191011101010101010910101010
Manufacture of wearing apparel and textile44233036292323151210111012108911117
Other manufacturing19161722231714152433161821351618223617
Electricity and water21222323222424242425252523252627272728
Construction110101163123114101138125110108142130114107146138113110149
Wholesale and retail trade151136146129153145149139159152156147165152164160170159172
Water transport62284741653052535534555665325758643457
Air transport16142714161529131417281518242916182529
Other transport services27432019274520194546222139442324394623
Communication18297648183177452132844723338651233686
Finance106102125173109104110170112105112175107102110178108105114
Real estate and ownership of dwellings105107107107106105107107108107109109108107109115108109111
Hotels and restaurants1181112141014151617141620211519212216
Private health and education services28262123312735323929363343323834453440
Business services1742109915017420697154166200102172172206108185178210123
Domestic services12121212121212121212121213141313141514
Other private services1221191792419181024171913301722133220
Government Services489480556741499484563752525502587775548520598803569538612
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 7.Brunei Darussalam: Real GDP by Expenditure, 2006–11(In millions of Brunei dollars, 2000 prices)
200620072008200920102011
Gross domestic product (GDP)11,96811,98611,75411,54611,84612,108
Domestic demand8,5989,6439,96910,33510,46410,514
Consumption6,8567,4407,4757,8498,0668,065
Personal consumption expenditure3,6163,6883,7533,9304,0114,158
Government consumption expenditure3,2413,7523,7233,9194,0553,907
Gross capital formation1,7422,2042,4942,4862,3982,448
Gross fixed investment1,7452,2052,4972,4862,3982,448
Construction1,1601,2751,4451,4631,4921,528
Machinery and equipment5859301,0531,023906919
Change in stocks−3−1−3011
Net exports of goods and services3,3412,0021,0177151,444571
Exports of goods and services7,7757,0136,5776,2306,9446,701
Imports of goods and services4,4345,0105,5605,5155,5006,130
Statistical discrepancy (residual to tally up)29341768497−621,024
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 8.Brunei Darussalam: Quarterly Real GDP by Expenditure, 2008–12(In millions of Brunei dollars, 2000 prices)
20082009201020112012
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3
Gross domestic product (GDP)2,9092,6922,9113,2422,8292,5722,8263,3202,9402,7412,9103,2563,0222,8052,9833,2983,0432,8342,987
Domestic demand2,2292,3742,7312,6362,5192,4022,7082,7062,3512,5362,7922,7862,2962,4202,8712,9272,3312,5092,979
Consumption1,6321,8821,9931,9691,8111,9072,0912,0401,7991,9912,1552,1221,7131,9142,1982,2411,7431,9802,282
Personal consumption expenditure8141,0411,0528468891,0681,0828929021,0961,1019139361,1001,1289939691,1441,178
Government consumption expenditure8188409411,1239238391,0091,1488978951,0541,2097768131,0691,2487758361104
Gross capital formation597492737667708495617667552545638664584506673686587529698
Gross fixed investment598493738667707495617667552544637664584506673685587529697
Construction384273370418393278369423383301372435394288386460393294396
Machinery and equipment215220368250314217248243169243265229189218286226194235301
Change in stocks−1−1−10000000000000000
Net exports of goods and services521282−142357774732826348859199698373822591276−292−459
Exports of goods and services1,7251,5291,5701,7521,6701,3321,5521,6761,7351,4781,6472,0851,7531,5131,7141,7201,7251,5061,557
Imports of goods and services1,2041,2481,7121,3961,5941,2851,2241,4131,2461,4191,4481,3881,3801,4311,6891,6301,4491,7982,016
Statistical discrepancy (residual to tally up)15936322250233124−210350101146−82−22735230387281436617467
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 9.Brunei Darussalam: Oil and Gas Production and Sales, 2006–11
200620072008200920102011
(In thousands of barrels per day)
Oil Production219194174167170166
Crude petroleum204179160154158148
Natural gas liquids161514131213
Number of wells (end of year)738823807801818803
(In billions of cubic meters per year)
Gas production12.9912.5412.4311.7612.4612.95
Export volumes
Oil (kbbl per day)207173153148155150
LNG (trillion btu)377364366336341356
Average export prices
Crude oil (US$/ barrel)69.4479.09100.9964.4279.27116.19
LNG (US$/ MMBtu) 1/5.916.3012.9210.4611.6416.49
Source: Petroleum Unit, Prime Minister’s Office.

LNG data for 2008–11 are provisional.

Source: Petroleum Unit, Prime Minister’s Office.

LNG data for 2008–11 are provisional.

Table 10.Brunei Darussalam: Government Sector Employment by Grade, 2006–11
200620072008200920102011
(Number of persons)
Total government employees43,51544,77746,09146,75747,41948,898
Division I: Heads of department/section788809903939964941
Division II: Senior officers7,6158,1768,6078,7419,0589,588
Division III: Supervisory10,16710,62010,82811,30711,49611,693
Division IV: Clerical and operators11,61711,73411,99612,08712,24612,535
Division V: Clerical and operators13,32813,43813,75713,68313,65514,141
(In percent of total)
Division I: Heads of department/section1.81.82.02.02.01.9
Division II: Senior officers17.518.318.718.719.119.6
Division III: Supervisory23.423.723.524.224.223.9
Division IV: Clerical and operators26.726.226.025.925.825.6
Division V: Clerical and operators30.630.029.829.328.828.9
(percent change)
Total government employees0.12.92.91.41.43.1
Source: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Source: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Table 11.Brunei Darussalam: Private Sector Employment by Industry and Residency Status, 2010
IndustryTotal

Employees
Employees as

Percentage of

Total

(In percent)
Citizens and

Permanent

Residents
Temporary

Residents
Agriculture, forestry, and fishery4,3103.71,1373,173
Production of oil and liquified natural gas29,41425.110,85818,556
Other mining, quarrying, and manufacturing6,5725.64,5272,045
Construction33,01928.23,14329,876
Wholesale and retail trade22,70419.48,51214,192
Coffee shops, restaurants, and hotels10,9099.33,0397,870
Transport, storage, and communication6,3175.42,6873,630
Financial, insurance, and business services3,1622.73,034128
Other community, social, and personal services activities7800.7374406
Total private sector employment (all Industries)117,187100.037,31179,876
Source: Labor Department, Annual Census on Employers and Employees 2010, Ministry of Home Affairs.
Source: Labor Department, Annual Census on Employers and Employees 2010, Ministry of Home Affairs.
Table 12.Brunei Darussalam: Consumer Price Index, 2008–12(January 2005=100; Percent change)
Weights20082009201020112012
(In percent)
All groups100.0103.3104.4104.8106.9107.4
2.11.00.42.00.5
Food and non-alcoholic beverages19.1106.4108.9110.0113.8115.9
4.12.31.03.51.8
Tobacco0.4103.4103.6127.5246.6246.6
0.10.223.093.40.0
Clothing and footwear4.3102.3103.7102.7104.8103.6
−1.31.3−0.92.1−1.2
Housing, water, electricity, gas, and other fuels10.7100.499.899.9101.1102.7
0.3−0.60.11.31.5
Furnishings, household equipment, and routine10.3103.0106.4106.1106.2106.8
household maintenance2.23.3−0.20.10.5
Health0.9103.2103.8105.8104.6106.3
0.00.61.9−1.11.6
Transport22.5104.1104.0104.2105.1103.8
3.4−0.10.20.9−1.2
Communication6.496.495.495.797.997.3
−0.5−1.10.32.3−0.6
Recreation and culture7.4104.1104.5103.4103.1107.1
2.80.3−1.0−0.33.9
Education5.7101.5101.5101.9100.599.3
0.60.00.3−1.4−1.2
Restaurants and hotels7.2102.0105.0105.7106.0105.9
1.22.90.70.3−0.1
Miscellaneous goods and services5.3107.0109.0109.7116.7117.4
0.71.80.76.40.6
Source: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Source: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Table 13.Brunei Darussalam: Composition of Government Revenue, 2008/09–2012/13(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2008–092009–102010–112011–122012–13
Budget(Outturn)

Actual
Budget(Outturn)

Actual
Budget(Outturn)

Actual
Budget(Outturn)

Actual
Budget(Outturn)

Provisional

As of Sept
Total Revenue5,60211,3784,0006,3934,6319,1665,89912,9366,2885,632
Oil and gas revenue4,89810,5513,2345,5903,8548,0895,17412,0205,5215,181
Revenues from government operations621661658744670886715903757448
Taxes298342307431324532348406398270
Fees, charges, and rent294278321294314302328330323166
Others294131193153391673612
Returns from investment and savings83166108591071901013103
Memorandum items:
Oil and gas sector revenue4,89810,5513,2345,5903,8548,0895,17412,0205,5215,181
Non-oil sector revenues7048277668037771,077725916767451
Oil and gas (in percent)87938187838888938892
Source: Data provided by the Brunei authorities.
Source: Data provided by the Brunei authorities.
Table 14.Brunei Darussalam: Composition of Quarterly Government Revenue, 2008/09–2012/13(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2008–092009–102010–112011–122012–13
JunSeptDecMarJunSeptDecMarJunSeptDecMarJunSeptDecMarJunSept
(Provisional)
Total Revenue4836,1742,3502,3711,4611,5161,3022,1132,0031,8982,1893,0772,7603,3773,6833,1162,6243,008
Oil and gas revenue3105,9552,2162,0701,2351,3381,0991,9171,7011,6712,0142,7042,4383,1843,4632,9342,4152,765
Revenues from government operations170216128146224177202141301227175185321191218173207241
Taxes9912655621511021245519915098849510813370128141
Fees, charges, and rent646671776671768171747384777881937393
Others82427743630341614854967
Returns from investment and savings236155221551111881121021
Memorandum items:
Oil and gas sector revenue3105,9552,2162,0701,2351,3381,0991,9171,7011,6712,0142,7042,4383,1843,4632,9342,4152,765
Non-oil sector revenues173219134301225179203196301227175373322192220182209242
Oil and gas (in percent of total revenue)649694878588849185889288889494949292
Source: Data provided by the Brunei authorities.
Source: Data provided by the Brunei authorities.
Table 15.Brunei Darussalam: Composition of Government Expenditure and Budget Balance, 2008/09–2012/13(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2008/092008/092009/102009/102010/112010/112011/122011/122012/132012/13
BudgetOutturnBudgetOutturnBudgetOutturnBudgetOutturnBudgetOutturn
ActualActualActualActualProvisional

As of Sept
Total expenditure5,4555,9755,6556,6395,6556,3515,8007,1825,9003,244
Current3,9074,9574,0134,6854,0744,9844,1845,4264,3272,301
Wages and salaries1,7711,7181,7871,7501,8191,8141,8601,8581,940860
Other charges annually recurrent1,4671,6891,5561,7221,5861,7851,6541,8501,718665
Charged6691,5496691,2136691,3856691,718669777
Pensions259350259373259382259409259208
Royalties payments3001,0843007163008783001,199300528
Others11011611012411012411011011041
Capital1,5481,0181,6421,9541,5811,3671,6161,7561,573943
Other charges special expenditure4984235921,057531496566613523268
Development expenditure1,0505951,0508971,0508711,0501,1431,050674
Investment in public enterprises0000000000
Other0000000000
Government trust fund outlays0000000000
Capital and currency adjustment0000000000
Total revenue5,60211,3784,0006,3934,6319,1665,89912,9366,2885,632
Total expenditure5,4555,9755,6556,6395,6556,3515,8007,1825,9003,244
Primary budget surplus1475,403−1,655−246−1,0242,815995,7543882,388
Total revenue excluding royalties4,99510,2893,6005,6664,0388,26511,7125,080
Total expenditure excluding royalties5,1554,8915,3555,9235,3555,4735,5005,9835,6002,716
Primary budget surplus excluding royalties−1605,398−1,755−257−1,3172,7925,7282,364
Non-oil revenue 1/7048277668037771,077725916767451
Non-oil expenditure 2/5,1554,8915,3555,9235,3555,4735,5005,9835,6002,716
Non-oil primary balance−4,451−4,064−4,589−5,120−4,578−4,396−4,775−5,067−4,833−2,265
Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and Fund staff estimates.

Excludes energy sector corporate taxes, royalties, and dividends.

Excludes disbursements of royalties.

Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and Fund staff estimates.

Excludes energy sector corporate taxes, royalties, and dividends.

Excludes disbursements of royalties.

Table 16.Brunei Darussalam: Composition of Quarterly Government Expenditure and Budget Balance, 2008/09–2012/13(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2008/092009/102010/112011/122012/13
JunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSep
Total expenditure1,2111,4281,4831,8361,0581,6191,5132,4491,2871,3391,6872,0391,4771,5621,8462,2981,5451,699
Current1,0791,2321,2311,3989241,1571,2071,3971,0831,1541,2501,4971,1841,2351,4171,5901,1051,196
Wages and salaries392400517409390406529425409436526444421424565449429430
Other charges annually recurrent304367364654276452378616366370372677369371413697302364
Charged383465350335258299300356308349352377394441440444 0375402
Pensions8688769984107909395979496102106100102102106
Royalties payments278359250196156166185209193214231241272311316300257271
Others181824401926255419382740202424421724
Capital1321972514381344623061,052204185437542293326429708439503
Other charges special expenditure3758772506521913763794181832015666118374124144
Development expenditure9413917418869244169415109167255341238260310334315359
Investment in public enterprises
Total revenue4836,1742,3502,3711,4611,5161,3022,1132,0031,8982,1893,0772,7603,3773,6833,1162,6243,008
Primary budget surplus−7304,745865523403−103−211−3367165595011,0381,2831,8151,8378191,0791,309
Total revenue, excluding royalties4715,5492,1002,1691,3051,3451,1181,8981,8091,6791,9582,8192,4893,0603,3672,7972,3672,713
Total expenditure, excluding royalties9341,0711,2341,6529021,4541,3282,2401,0931,1251,4571,7981,2061,2511,5301,9981,2881,428
Primary budget surplus, excluding royalties−4634,478866518403−109−211−3417165545011,0211,2831,8091,8377991,0791,285
Non-oil revenue 1/172219134301225179203196301227175373322192220182209242
Non-oil expenditure 2/9341,0711,2341,6529021,4541,3282,2401,0931,1251,4571,7981,2061,2511,5301,9981,2881,428
Non-oil primary balance−762−852−1,100−1,351−676−1,275−1,125−2,044−792−898−1,281−1,425−884−1,058−1,310−1,815−1,080−1,185
Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and Fund staff estimates.

Excludes energy sector corporate taxes, royalties, and dividends.

Excludes disbursements of royalties.

Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and Fund staff estimates.

Excludes energy sector corporate taxes, royalties, and dividends.

Excludes disbursements of royalties.

Table 17.Brunei Darussalam: Central Bank Survey, 2007–12 1/
200720082009201020112012
MarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSepDec
(In millions of Brunei dollars; end of period)
Net foreign assets9631,0801,4501,4161,4471,5101,5601,6891,6801,6252,6962,3463,2773,1223,669
Claims on nonresidents9981,1151,9381,8991,9091,9731,9862,1362,1172,1953,1082,7703,6913,5344,071
Foreign exchange9011,0231,3991,3791,4031,4721,5011,6471,6261,6892,6452,3023,2263,0803,619
Reserve position in the Fund333030292828272727282627262626
SDR holdings2728476461448444429433426439417422418409407
Other363433292929292939382020202020
Liabilities to nonresidents3535488483462463434449439576412424414413402
Netdomestic assets496612175184171126193−665186−28−31−185−535−770
Net domestic credit4946712683003052693011,0191,0971,214988968820477250
Net claims on central government−306−271−268−270−268−268−270131122119138115115116−174
Claims on central government0.510.650.860.800.800.810.823013013013013013013011
Central government deposits307271269270269269270170179181163186186184175
Claims on other depository corporations8019425375705735375718889751,094850853704360424
Capital accounts88791141351521621271,0441,0501,0551,0451,0261,0291,0361,053
Others, net−90−20−20−19−19−19−19−18−18−27−29−27−25−25−34
Monetary base1,4591,6911,6241,5991,6181,6351,7441,6811,7431,8042,6652,3133,0912,5862,887
Currency in circulation8499229559489389401,0249509429711,6901,2392,1251,6241,627
Liabilities to other depository corporations6107696706516806957207318008899751,0749659621,260
Memorandum items:
Monetary base (annual growth, in percent)4.615.9−4.0−4.30.25.87.45.17.710.352.837.677.443.38.3
AMBD net external asset ratio 2/1.11.11.51.51.51.61.51.71.71.71.61.91.51.92.2
Brunei dollars per U.S. dollar (end of period)1.441.441.401.401.401.321.291.261.231.301.301.261.271.231.22
Sources: IMF, International Financial Statistics; and Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam (AMBD) was established on January 1, 2011; prior to 2011 reflect Brunei Currency and Monetary Board Survey data.

Ratio of foreign exchange holding to currency.

Sources: IMF, International Financial Statistics; and Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam (AMBD) was established on January 1, 2011; prior to 2011 reflect Brunei Currency and Monetary Board Survey data.

Ratio of foreign exchange holding to currency.

Table 18.Brunei Darussalam: Other Depository Corporations Survey, 2007–12
200720082009201020112012
MarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSep
(In millions of Brunei dollars; end of period)
Net foreign assets7,1799,4687,1288,8299,0189,4029,38010,56011,08912,53512,89712,92311,14111,849
Claims on nonresidents7,6919,8477,5429,2879,4009,7899,80610,85011,35012,74213,09813,17211,35212,041
Liabilities to nonresidents512379414459382387426290262207201249211193
Claims on central bank7619558428238428689238859541,0391,8341,5142,2441,731
Net claims on central government−3,270−5,105−1,713−1,283−1,495−2,499−2,480−2,731−2,642−4,160−5,120−3,914−3,840−4,704
Claims on central government12920328812721621320965299352496296596400
Central government deposits3,3995,3082,0011,4111,7102,7132,6882,7962,9414,5125,6164,2094,4365,103
Claims on other sectors7,0057,2296,9846,9497,0527,1146,9437,0016,6056,6356,7126,6836,7556,829
Claims on private sector6,8827,1376,9206,8706,9877,0596,8386,8096,4746,5186,4956,3936,4546,629
Claims on public nonfinancial corporations123926361473685743622108193280181
Claims on other financial corporations000181818201189595109962119
Liabilities to central bank7719204845545855495338499321,076700817617268
Demand deposits included in broad money3,1543,6474,6072,3602,9622,7452,9933,1423,0702,9173,4023,6873,4803,523
Other deposits included in broad money6,1326,5536,6059,9889,2358,9568,7569,0479,3619,3869,60410,0099,4419,524
Securities other than shares included in broad money0.51.11.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Shares and other equity1,5721,7051,9041,8611,9691,9141,9321,9732,0192,0412,0732,1352,1902,228
Other items (net)46−280−361555666719552704624629543558573161
Memorandum items:
Net foreign assets (annual growth, in percent)4.331.9−24.7−4.526.836.431.619.623.033.337.522.40.5−5.5
Claims on private sector (annual growth, in percent)7.43.3−2.2−3.3−1.9−1.1−1.2−0.9−7.3−7.7−5.0−6.1−0.31.7
Prime lending rate (end of period)5.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.5
Source: IMF, International Financial Statistics.
Source: IMF, International Financial Statistics.
Table 19.Brunei Darussalam: Depository Corporations Survey, 2007–12
200720082009201020112012
MarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSep
(In millions of Brunei dollars; end of period)
Net foreign assets8,14210,5488,57710,24410,46510,91210,94012,24812,76912,14715,59315,26914,41814,970
Claims on nonresidents8,68910,9629,48011,18611,30911,76211,79212,98613,46714,93716,20615,94215,04215,576
Liabilities to nonresidents547414902941844850860739701783613673625605
Net domestic assets1,8423923,4192,8892,5151,5651,648751467−1,073−1,743−762−599−952
Net domestic credit3,4281,8535,0025,3965,2894,3464,1944,4014,0852,5941,7302,8843,0312,241
Net claims on central government−3,577−5,376−1,981−1,553−1,763−2,767−2,746−2,897−2,817−2,387−4,982−3,799−3,725−4,587
Claims on central government130203289128217214209366600652796597897701
Central government deposits3,7065,5792,2701,6811,9792,9822,9592,9663,1204,6935,7794,3954,6215,288
Claims on other sectors7,0057,2296,9846,9497,0527,1146,9437,0016,6056,6156,7126,6836,7556,829
Claims on private sector6,8827,1376,9206,8706,9877,0596,8386,8096,4746,4986,4956,3936,4546,629
Claims on public nonfinancial corporations123926361473685743622108193280181
Claims on other financial corporations000181818201189595109962119
Shares and other equity1,6601,7842,0191,9952,1222,0762,0612,7112,7632,7813,1193,1613,2203,264
Other items (net)−74−324−435519660711503197119−74367497421−61
Broad money liabilities9,98410,94011,99613,12612,97312,47012,57313,44413,67613,50813,83714,49513,80814,008
Currency outside depository corp.697739784778776768824796788765831799887961
Transferable deposits3,1543,6474,6072,3602,9622,7452,9933,1423,0702,9173,4023,6873,4803,523
Other deposits6,1326,5536,6059,9889,2358,9568,7569,0479,3619,3869,60410,0099,4419,524
Securities other than shares11100000000000
Source: IMF, International Financial Statistics.
Source: IMF, International Financial Statistics.
Table 20.Brunei Darussalam: Commercial Bank Loans by Economic Sector, 2007–12
200720082009201020112012
MarJunSep
(In millions of Brunei dollars; end of period)
Total loans6,0366,1135,5775,1885,0924,9015,0035,171
Agricultural3137282024252121
Construction495503446283281279273249
Credit and finance4429332266226228213
General commerce561603590600717708732745
Manufacturing179146149154353263292445
Personal loans3,6753,6353,4973,3543,2023,1663,1773,194
Mortgages1,0141,1901,0381,2261,3261,3541,3761,403
Other2,6612,4452,4592,1281,8761,8111,8011,790
Professional services7990935941394150
Transport9721,070741716208195238254
(In percent of total loans)
Total loans100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Agricultural0.50.60.50.40.50.50.40.4
Construction8.28.28.05.55.55.75.54.8
Credit and finance0.70.50.60.05.24.64.64.1
General commerce9.39.910.611.614.114.414.614.4
Manufacturing3.02.42.73.06.95.45.88.6
Personal loans60.959.562.764.662.964.663.561.8
Mortgages16.819.518.623.626.027.627.527.1
Other44.140.044.141.036.837.036.034.6
Professional services1.31.51.71.10.80.80.81.0
Transport16.117.513.313.84.14.04.84.9
(Annual percentage change)
Total loans3.71.3−9.6−7.0−1.9−4.46.27.0
Agricultural3.319.4−32.1−28.721.09.3−14.4−13.1
Construction−10.81.6−12.8−36.5−1.06.3−2.1−9.6
Credit and finance100.0−34.112.1−93.412112.4709.4406.428.1
General commerce7.77.5−2.21.719.48.98.86.8
Manufacturing−0.6−18.42.03.5129.180.587.4190.4
Personal loans−4.1−1.1−3.9−4.1−4.5−3.7−2.0−1.4
Mortgages23.717.4−14.618.18.17.88.06.0
Other−11.7−8.10.6−13.5−11.8−10.9−8.5−6.5
Professional services−2.513.93.2−37.0−30.1−12.1−5.813.9
Transport63.110.1−44.4−3.4−71.0−71.6−3.98.4
Source: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.
Source: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.
Table 21.Brunei Darussalam: Financial Soundness Indicators, 2009–12
2009201020112012
DecMarJunSepDecMarJunSepDecMarJunSep
(Average all banks, in percent)
Capital adequacy
Regulatory capital to risk-weighted assets18.017.918.718.621.119.220.119.418.819.219.518.5
Regulatory tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets18.918.819.719.721.519.820.420.019.820.020.219.3
Asset quality
Gross nonperforming ratio 1/2/11.210.810.610.28.513.89.69.07.67.67.27.0
Net nonperforming ratio 2/3.42.92.82.52.98.03.32.71.81.91.81.8
Nonperforming loans net of provisions to capital 2/12.09.08.47.88.423.08.47.24.94.94.64.7
Sectoral distribution of loans to total loans
Personal Loans44.143.742.541.041.039.641.839.636.837.036.034.6
Mortgage18.621.122.123.623.624.527.027.426.027.627.527.1
Transportation13.313.513.813.813.813.45.34.84.1−71.6−3.98.4
General commerce10.612.011.711.611.612.714.314.414.114.414.614.4
Construction8.04.55.15.55.55.15.95.75.55.75.54.8
Manufacturing2.73.03.03.03.02.83.33.26.95.45.88.6
Professional services1.71.71.31.11.10.90.90.90.80.80.81.0
Agriculture0.50.50.50.40.40.40.50.50.50.50.40.4
Credit & financial0.60.10.10.00.00.51.03.45.24.64.64.1
Earnings and profitability
Return on assets, before tax1.51.61.71.71.51.31.41.21.11.41.41.3
Return on equity, after tax13.312.913.613.610.711.212.58.47.313.312.712.0
Interest margin to gross income62.565.066.566.363.365.065.368.565.864.465.264.4
Non-interest expenses to gross income47.148.246.245.849.351.748.752.253.345.947.348.6
Liquidity
Liquid assets to total assets (liquid asset ratio)59.158.959.758.357.260.062.663.364.064.163.664.3
Liquid assets to short-term liabilities (demand and savings deposits)146.6160.0149.5146.4127.9147.1159.6155.9137.5142.5149.2136.9
Sensitivity to market risk 3/
Net open position in foreign exchange to capital−37.920.113.516.016.220.333.418.216.717.0
Source: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

The calculation of NPL ratio is based on the Financial Soundness Indicators Compilation Guide (page 183, Appendix II, paragraph 22). Accrued interest on NPA is excluded from both the numerator and denominator.

Ratios are much higher in end-March 2011 due to a corporate loan that has surpassed the 90-day tenor as of March 2011. This loan has been settled subsequently.

… indicates that data are not available.

Source: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

The calculation of NPL ratio is based on the Financial Soundness Indicators Compilation Guide (page 183, Appendix II, paragraph 22). Accrued interest on NPA is excluded from both the numerator and denominator.

Ratios are much higher in end-March 2011 due to a corporate loan that has surpassed the 90-day tenor as of March 2011. This loan has been settled subsequently.

… indicates that data are not available.

Table 22.Brunei Darussalam: Financial Soundness Indicators by Bank Type, 2012 1/
All BanksDomestic BanksForeign BanksIslamic BanksConventional Banks
Capital Adequacy
Regulatory capital to risk-weighted assets18.521.613.823.314.1
Regulatory Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets19.322.114.923.615.3
Asset quality
Gross nonperforming ratio7.09.92.310.34.2
Net nonperforming ratio1.82.40.92.90.9
Nonperforming loans net of provisions to capital4.75.62.76.02.9
Profitability
Return on assets, before tax1.31.80.91.91.0
Return on equity, after tax12.011.912.311.712.5
Interest margin to gross income64.467.759.072.757.9
Non-interest expenses to gross income, net of international expenses and provisions48.650.854.739.656.5
Liquidity
Liquid assets to total assets (liquid asset ratio)64.350.876.252.970.8
Liquid assets to short-term liabilities (demand and savings deposits)136.9135.2138.0135.0137.8
Sensitivity to market risk
Net open position in foreign exchange to capital fund17.024.12.327.33.5
Source: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

As of end-September 2012.

Source: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam.

As of end-September 2012.

Table 23.Brunei Darussalam: Sukuk Outstanding and Yield, 2006–13
3-Month1-YearTotal
OutstandingYieldOutstandingYieldOutstanding
(B$ millions)(percent, e.o.p.)(B$ millions)(percent, e.o.p.)(B$ millions)
Jun-063003.38300
Sep-061503.35150
Dec-061203.38120
Mar-07903.1590
Jun-071402.28140
Sep-07802.45452.30125
Dec-07952.19452.30140
Mar-0802.19751.5075
Jun-08680.88751.50143
Sep-08931.00301.50123
Dec-081480.65651.15213
Mar-091540.34460.50200
Jun-091310.30460.50177
Sep-091400.35960.45236
Dec-091310.39610.45192
Mar-10700.38500.45120
Jun-101580.32500.45208
Sep-101480.35650.34213
Dec-101430.39650.34208
Mar-1100.27650.3465
Jun-112390.19650.34304
Sep-112560.15960.35352
Dec-114000.17960.35496
Mar-122000.20960.35296
Jun-121000.20960.35196
Sep-123000.181000.28400
Dec-124000.161000.28500
Mar-131000.16100200
Sources: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam; and IMF staff calculations.
Sources: Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam; and IMF staff calculations.
Table 24.Brunei Darussalam: Balance of Payments, 2006–11(In millions of U.S. dollars; unless otherwise indicated)
200620072008200920102011
Current account balance 1/5,7525,8577,0564,3105,6235,294
In percent of GDP50.147.849.040.245.532.4
Trade balance6,0395,7007,8404,8896,4396,963
Exports7,6277,69210,6987,1728,7709,042
Oil and gas7,3467,39610,3316,8788,4728,727
Other281295367294298315
Imports1,5881,9922,8582,2822,3312,079
Services (net)−469−503−535−519−558−801
Receipts7458138679151,0541,091
Payments1,2141,3171,4031,4341,6121,892
Income (net)5881,091171385217−320
Receipts 1/1,4911,6941,3551,1471,1391,185
Payments 1/9036041,1847629211,506
Current transfers (net)−405−430−420−445−475−548
Receipts000000
Payments405430420445475548
Capital and financial account balance−612−267287448714660
Capital account balance (net)−7−7−8−11−11−11
Financial account balance−605−259295459725671
Direct investment (net)105258222326631393
Portfolio investment (net)−9035888139155165
Other investment (net) 1/2/−620−875−15−6−61113
Errors and omissions 3/−5,118−5,436−7,259−4,152−6,131−5,031
Overall balance2215484606206924
Gross official reserves 4/5146677511,3571,5632,487
In months of next year’s imports1.91.92.44.14.76.1
Memorandum items:
Exchange rates
Brunei dollars per U.S. dollar (period average)1.591.511.421.451.361.26
Nominal effective exchange rates (2005=100)103.3104.7106.1108.2111.9112.0
Real effective exchange rates (2005=100)100.099.6100.5101.8103.2101.6
Nominal GDP (in millions of U.S. dollars)11,47112,24814,39310,73312,37116,360
Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and Fund staff estimates.

Based on Fund staff estimates.

Includes changes in banks’ net foreign assets.

The large scale of errors and omissions reflects the lack of comprehensive balance of payments data.

Includes Brunei Currency and Monetary Board’s foreign exchange assets, SDR holdings, and reserve position in the Fund.

Sources: Data provided by the Brunei authorities; and Fund staff estimates.

Based on Fund staff estimates.

Includes changes in banks’ net foreign assets.

The large scale of errors and omissions reflects the lack of comprehensive balance of payments data.

Includes Brunei Currency and Monetary Board’s foreign exchange assets, SDR holdings, and reserve position in the Fund.

Table 25.Brunei Darussalam: Private Investment by Sector, 2006–11(In millions of Brunei dollars)
200620072008200920102011
Total1,7255297927801,4162,296
Local1,035137325240563776
Foreign6903924675408531,520
Source: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Source: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Table 26.Brunei Darussalam: Foreign Direct Investment, 2006–11(In millions of Brunei dollars)
200620072008200920102011
Total6903924675408531,520
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry000000
Mining and quarrying5601223014626581,331
Manufacturing112114163673759
Construction5202219
Wholesale and retail trade9102120110
Transport, storage, and communication000041
Real estate, renting, and business activity322330
Financial intermediation01500144
Health and social work000000
Other000476
Source: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Source: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Table 27.Brunei Darussalam: Exports by Commodity, 2006–12
2006200720082009201020112012

H1
(In millions of Brunei dollars)
Total exports7,6087,66810,4217,16912,11815,6488,484
Food and live animals6531342
Beverages and tobacco0000121
Crude material inedible9795201615
Mineral fuels7,3287,37310,1936,88811,53014,9647,951
Animal and vegetable oils and fats0000000
Chemicals3344134243169
Manufactured goods19252830526353
Machinery and transport equipment 1/9410880152218277229
Miscellaneous manufactured articles13813898781406251
Other12969191813
(In percent of total exports)
Total exports100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Food and live animals0.10.10.00.00.00.00.0
Beverages and tobacco0.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Crude material inedible0.10.10.10.10.20.10.2
Mineral fuels96.396.297.896.195.295.693.7
Animal and vegetable oils and fats0.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Chemicals0.00.00.00.11.11.62.0
Manufactured goods0.20.30.30.40.40.40.6
Machinery and transport equipment1.21.40.82.11.81.82.7
Miscellaneous manufactured articles1.81.80.91.11.20.40.6
Other0.20.10.10.10.20.10.2
Source: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Source: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE).
Table 28.Brunei Darussalam: Value and Destination of Selected Exports, 2006–12 1/
2006200720082009201020112012

Sept
(In millions of Brunei dollars)
Value of major exports
Petroleum8,1587,6277,9494,9756,1127,9577,957
Natural gas3,5143,4846,6675,0495,4167,0067,006
(In millions of U.S. dollars)
Petroleum5,1225,0615,5443,4184,4836,3256,325
Natural gas2,2062,3124,6503,4703,9725,5695,569
(In millions of Brunei dollars)
Major exports by destination
Crude petroleum8,1587,6277,9494,9756,1127,9577,957
Japan598649479134450461461
Korea, Republic of1,4201,1331,5198311,3971,7721,772
Philippines21432
Singapore15134107111954545
Thailand227154113200729090
United States655430
Natural gas3,5143,4846,6675,0495,4167,0067,006
Japan3,1093,2155,9754,6754,8046,3156,315
Korea, Republic of405269692374612691691
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.

… indicates that data are not available.

Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.

… indicates that data are not available.

Table 29.Brunei Darussalam: Exports by Country of Destination, 2006–12(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2006200720082009201020112012

Sept
ASEAN1,8852,1532,5171,2291,5052,1772,106
Of which:
Indonesia1,5101,8532,0837728601,069403
Malaysia406130112180464245
Philippines111502381171
Singapore190133174184342275321
Thailand14410680138106121501
European Union181814122536
Of which:
France111013
Germany4521611
United Kingdom1091161414
Others5,7055,4977,8855,92510,58213,436
Of which:
Australia9301,0511,0805241,2511,555876
Japan2,3292,5654,5023,3055,2676,7975,476
Korea, Republic of1,1469301,5428292,0222,5041,790
Taiwan Province of China0112642
United States5123866645191620
Total7,6087,66810,4167,16612,11215,648
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 30.Brunei Darussalam: Imports by Commodity, 2006–12
2006200720082009201020112012

Sept
(In millions of Brunei dollars)
Total imports (c.i.f.)1,6692,1012,5442,4003,3493,6973,343
Food and live animals235270156290494560399
Beverages and tobacco41512754765944
Crude material inedible1414724426544
Mineral fuels28452177176355364
Animal and vegetable oils and fats7978141712
Chemicals17515793192305293219
Manufactured goods401457283537686857739
Machinery and transport equipments5888704389501,1591,131892
Miscellaneous manufactured articles173216100246367332549
Other811521312782
(In percent of total imports)
Total imports (c.i.f.)100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Food and live animals14.112.96.112.114.715.111.9
Beverages and tobacco2.52.41.12.32.31.61.3
Crude material inedible0.90.70.31.01.21.81.3
Mineral fuels1.72.10.83.25.39.610.9
Animal and vegetable oils and fats0.40.40.30.30.40.50.4
Chemicals10.57.53.78.09.17.96.6
Manufactured goods24.021.811.122.420.523.222.1
Machinery and transport equipments35.241.417.239.634.630.626.7
Miscellaneous manufactured articles10.410.33.910.211.09.016.4
Other0.40.50.20.90.90.72.4
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Sources: Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd.
Table 31.Brunei Darussalam: Imports by Country of Origin, 2006–12(In millions of Brunei dollars)
2006200720082009201020112012

Sept
ASEAN7961,0411,2131,2431,6961,9471,729
Of which:
Indonesia47626858697461
Malaysia361398475465783818637
Philippines671768119
Singapore290472520614650371834
Thailand9210413395179177179
European Union172231264246351353349
Of which:
France172325401649
Germany40587558106127
Italy361733292829
Netherlands152221191619
United Kingdom4678656614996
Others7018291,0258691,2381,3971,265
Of which:
Australia33353637676147
China131158176140235276332
Hong Kong SAR55526523393241
Japan213178216214344260274
Korea, Republic of2834815176114124
Taiwan Province of China28434639647245
United States151268350312336446278
Total (c.i.f.)1,6692,1012,5442,4003,3493,6973,343
Sources: Brunei Darussaiam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd
Sources: Brunei Darussaiam Statistical Yearbook, Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and CEIC Data Co. Ltd
Table 32.Brunei Darussalam: Energy Sector, 2006–11
200620072008200920102011
Domestic consumption of oil products
Gasoline (m3)278,863291,767298,908298,848308,963322,852
Kerosene (m3)4,4514,9084,2173,5854,4253,181
Diesel (m3)218,330242,270254,919267,277293,238329,090
Domestic retail prices (B$/liter)
ULG RON970.530.530.530.530.530.53
ULG RON920.520.520.520.520.520.52
ULG RON850.360.360.360.360.360.36
Kerosene (B$/liter)0.200.200.200.200.200.20
Diesel (B$/liter)0.310.310.310.310.310.31
Domestic natural gas consumption (in millions of M3)
Households303130282930
Industry 1/1,6741,6271,5651,6511,7211,653
Electricity generation (in thousands of MMBTU)40,79941,38640,93145,64946,91644,733
Dept of Electrical Services (in thousands)26,13126,76326,58330,06131,40829,142
Berakas Power Company (in thousands)14,66814,62314,34815,58815,50715,591
Electricity generation (GWh)3,2983,3953,4233,6113,7923,723
Natural gas plants3,2683,3623,3903,5753,7543,686
Diesel313333373837
Electricity consumption (GWh)2,8793,0493,1453,2433,3283,389
Households1,0661,1421,2071,2241,1811,202
Commercial688725729726862927
Industrial541556546562578527
Government584626663731706734
Electricity tariffs: households (B$)
Less than 10 kWh0.250.250.250.250.250.25
Next 60 kWh0.150.150.150.150.150.15
Next 100 kWh0.100.100.100.100.100.10
All above 170 kWh0.050.050.050.050.050.05
Minimum charge2.002.002.002.002.002.00
Prepayment tariff on all use0.060.060.060.060.060.06
Electricity tariffs: commercial/industrial 2/
Less than 10 kWh0.20.20.20.20.20.2
Next 100 kWh0.070.070.070.070.070.07
Next 100 kWh0.060.060.060.060.060.06
All above 170 kWh0.050.050.050.050.050.05
Minimum charge2.002.002.002.002.002.00
Electricity tariffs: government0.100.100.100.100.100.10
Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and Petroleum Unit, Prime Minister’s Office.

Excludes gas consumed by BLNG and BMC.

First 10 units (KVA)=B$0.20/unit; next 100 units (KVA)=B$0.07/unit; next 100 units (KVA)=B$0.06/unit; remaining units = B$0.05/unit.

Sources: Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE); and Petroleum Unit, Prime Minister’s Office.

Excludes gas consumed by BLNG and BMC.

First 10 units (KVA)=B$0.20/unit; next 100 units (KVA)=B$0.07/unit; next 100 units (KVA)=B$0.06/unit; remaining units = B$0.05/unit.

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