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Singapore

Singapore »

Source: Singapore : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/200

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513501529

Keywords: trade, value, demand, elasticity

Singapore: Selected Issues...

Pricing An Interest Payment Guarantee

Pricing An Interest Payment Guarantee »

Source: Pricing An Interest Payment Guarantee : A Contribution to Debt Reduction Techniques

Volume/Issue: 1989/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 1989

ISBN: 9781451962390

Keywords: bond, debt reduction, bond issuer, bonds, present value

This paper describes an approach for computing the market value of an interest guarantee on a bond where the principal is fully collateralized and which is exchanged for discounted sovereign debts. The cost of the...

Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies

Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies »

Source: Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies

Volume/Issue: 2009/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zvi Wiener , and Dan Galai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

ISBN: 9781451872576

Keywords: credit spread, currency mismatch, Merton&;amp;#x2019;s model, correlation, bond, present value, probability,

The paper shows how-in a Merton-type model with bankruptcy-the currency composition of debt changes the risk profile of a company raising a given amount of financing, and thus affects the cost of debt. Foreign curr...

Structural Transformation — How Does Thailand Compare?

Structural Transformation — How Does Thailand Compare? »

Source: Structural Transformation - How Does Thailand Compare?

Volume/Issue: 2015/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vladimir Klyuev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 March 2015

ISBN: 9781498395335

Keywords: structural transformation, agricultural price support, productivity, agriculture, value, economy, prices, General,

Thailand stands out in international comparison as a country with a high dispersion of productivity across sectors. It has especially low labor productivity in agriculture-a sector that employs a much larger share...

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy »

Source: INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy

Volume/Issue: 1989/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 1989

ISBN: 9781451957310

Keywords: value of exports, commodity exports, export prices, manufactured exports, oil exports

This paper presents a small macro simulation model of the Indonesian economy The model was constructed to assess the effects of alternative policies as well as changes in the external environment on the Indonesian...

Sukuk vs. Eurobonds

Sukuk vs. Eurobonds »

Source: Sukuk vs. Eurobonds : Is There a Difference in Value-at-Risk?

Volume/Issue: 2007/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Faezeh Raei , and Selim Cakir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451868012

Keywords: Sukuk, Sharia-Compliance, Eurobonds, Value-at-Risk, Diversification, bond, conventional bonds, islamic bonds, bond portfolios,

This paper assesses the impact of bonds issued according to Islamic principles (Sukuk), on the cost and risk structure of investment portfolios by using the Value-at-Risk (VaR) framework. The market for Sukuk has g...

Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS

Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS »

Source: Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS

Volume/Issue: 2003/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker , and N. Crafts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451854107

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, value of statistical life, life expectancy, mortality rates, hiv, prevalence rate, Health: General, Welfare and Poverty: General, General Welfare, Economic Development: General,

The paper evaluates the impact of HIV/AIDS on welfare in several countries affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Unlike studies focusing on the impact of HIV/AIDS on GDP per capita, we evaluate the impact of increased...

Singapore's Export Elasticities

Singapore's Export Elasticities »

Source: Singapore's Export Elasticities : A Disaggregated Look into the Role of Global Value Chains and Economic Complexity

Volume/Issue: 2016/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , and Gee Hee Hong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513556901

Keywords: Trade elasticities, trade structure, global supply chain, economic complexity, trade, value, exports, price, share, Input-Output Analysis

Singapore is one of the world's most open economies, with the size of its trade reaching about 350 percent of its GDP. With the rise of highly diversified cross-border production networks, Singapore has come to pla...

Trade Integration and Business Cycle Synchronization: A Reappraisal with Focus on Asia

Trade Integration and Business Cycle Synchronization: A Reappraisal with Focus on Asia »

Source: Trade Integration and Business Cycle Synchronization : A Reappraisal with Focus on Asia

Volume/Issue: 2014/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Duval , Kevin Cheng , Kum Hwa Oh , Richa Saraf , and Dulani Seneviratne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2014

ISBN: 9781475522464

Keywords: Value Added, Business Cycle Synchronization, Asia, trade intensity, trade integration, industry trade, trade data, impact of trade, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Asia.,

This paper reexamines the relationship between trade integration and business cycle synchronization (BCS) using new value-added trade data for 63 advanced and emerging economies during 1995-2012. In a panel framewo...

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis »

Source: Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis : Challenges and Policy Options

Volume/Issue: 2009/17

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Brondolo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2009

ISBN: 9781462339440

Keywords: Financial crisis, Corporate sector, Collection of taxes, Fiscal policy, Tax collection, Tax administration, Tax revenues, Value added tax, taxpayers, tax agencies

The global financial and economic crisis presents major challenges for tax agencies. With the economic downturn, tax agencies are encountering emerging compliance problems and greater demands for taxpayer support i...