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Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies
			: A Guide for Policymakers

Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759733.069

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

This text provides guidance to policymakers on how to design and implement sound price-subsidy reforms. It draws on the experience of price-subsidy reform in 28 countries. The authors discuss economic and political...

Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934645.084

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

This is the third in a group of three papers dealing with various aspects of Fund-supported adjustment programs....

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350642.086

ISBN: 9781616350642

Keywords: oil importers, oil exporters, oil and gas, subsidies, oil prices

This issue of the Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia provides an in-depth look at the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region, as well as the Caucasus and Central As...

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis by the IMF
			: Review of Methodology and Selected Evidence

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis by the IMF : Review of Methodology and Selected Evidence »

Series: Books

Author(s): Robert Gillingham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066625.071

ISBN: 9781589066625

Keywords: trade liberalization, partial equilibrium, income distribution, subsidies, sales taxes

The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) is used by the IMF to provide support for countries' implementation of their poverty reduction and growth strategies. A key requirement in the design of PRGF program...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Appendix 1 List of Examined Countries14

Appendix 1 List of Examined Countries14 »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

Sub-Saharan Africa:...

Appendix 3 Examining the Short-Term Impact of Reducing Price Subsidies on Real Household Incomes: An Illustration

Appendix 3 Examining the Short-Term Impact of Reducing Price Subsidies on Real Household Incomes: An Illustration »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

42. This appendix provides two competing pragmatic approaches to estimating the impact of price-subsidy reform on households in the short term....

1. Overview

1. Overview »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

1. The reform of price subsidies has been a key element of IMF-supported programs in many countries. These reforms have brought prices of subsidized items closer to their market-clearing levels and have soug...

2. Economic Issues in the Reform of Price Subsidies

2. Economic Issues in the Reform of Price Subsidies »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

4. Subsidy reform entails price liberalization or adjusting controlled prices of subsidized goods and services, often during macroeconomic adjustment. The economic goals are to correct fiscal imbalances and...