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Instruments of Monetary Management
			: Issues and Country Experiences

Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755988.071

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

Many countries have reformed their monetary instruments over the last few years. Edited by Tomas J.T. Balino and Lorena M. Zamalloa, this volume deals with the design, implementation, and coordination of major mone...

Financial Liberalization, Money Demand, and Monetary Policy in Asian Countries

Financial Liberalization, Money Demand, and Monetary Policy in Asian Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Corker , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752208.084

ISBN: 9781557752208

Keywords: monetary policy, money demand, central bank, financial liberalization, reserve requirements

This study examines the financial reforms undertaken by nine Asian countries in the 1980s (Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Thailand) and their implications for...

Transformations to Open Market Operations
			: Developing Countries and Emerging Markets

Transformations to Open Market Operations : Developing Countries and Emerging Markets »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756275.051

ISBN: 9781557756275

Keywords: central bank, open market operations, monetary policy, government securities, reserve requirements

Open market operations are the major instruments of monetary control in industrial countries and are becoming important in developing countriesand countries in transition. This paper shows how open market operation...

Sterilizing Capital inflows

Sterilizing Capital inflows »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756329.051

ISBN: 9781557756329

Keywords: capital inflows, central bank, open market operations, capital controls, reserve requirements

Developing countries fortunate enough to experience capital inflows haveseen rising levels of investment and enhanced economic growth. Capitalinflows have a negative side, however, in that they tend to appreciateth...

1 Monetary Policy Instruments: Design of Instrument Mix and Coordination of Instrument Design

1 Monetary Policy Instruments: Design of Instrument Mix and Coordination of Instrument Design »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

Central banks use a multiplicity of monetary policy instruments—some operated at their own initiative and some at the initiative of commercial banks—to inject or absorb reserves....

2 Reserve Requirements and Monetary Management: An Introduction

2 Reserve Requirements and Monetary Management: An Introduction »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

The state supplies “outside,” or base, money in the form of currency and reserve deposits with the central bank to serve as the ultimate means of settling transactions. Demand for outside money...

3 Refinance Instruments: Lessons from Their Use in Some Industrial Countries

3 Refinance Instruments: Lessons from Their Use in Some Industrial Countries »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

Many central banks are gradually shifting from a system of direct controls toward the implementation of monetary policy through market-oriented instruments. However, often the central bank is co...

4 Use of Central Bank Credit Auctions in Economies in Transition

4 Use of Central Bank Credit Auctions in Economies in Transition »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

Auctions or tenders are used as means of allocating portions of central bank credit in many industrial and developing countries. 1 In these countries, credit auctions...

5. Use of Foreign Exchange Swaps by Central Banks

5. Use of Foreign Exchange Swaps by Central Banks »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

A foreign exchange swap is a financial transaction in which two counterparties exchange specific amounts of two different currencies at the outset and repay at a future date according to a prede...

6 Introducing Open Market Operations, Reforms in Markets, and Policy Instruments

6 Introducing Open Market Operations, Reforms in Markets, and Policy Instruments »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

Open market operations have become the major instrument of monetary control in industrial countries. In those countries, the evolution of well-developed, active interbank, money, and securities...