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Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: Environment, Government expenditures, Subsidies, subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019
			: Our Connected World

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 : Our Connected World »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321563.011

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

This issue of Annual Report discusses that the global economy is at a delicate moment. The expansion of early 2018 has lost momentum, in large part in response to rising trade tensions. There are threats from risin...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018
			: Building a Shared Future

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018 : Building a Shared Future »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484373453.011

ISBN: 9781484373453

Keywords: Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality, Environmentally sustainable development

The past year was one of growing economic anxiety tied to skepticism about both economic integration and an international approach to economic policy making. To help make globalization work for all, the IMF focused...

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence »

Source: Trade Integration and Political Turbulence : Environmental Policy Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2001/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451856965

Keywords: political instability, lobbying, uncertainty, environmental regulations, environmental policy, trade integration, environmental policies, economic integration, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

This paper seeks to contribute to the unresolved issue of the effect of economic integration on environmental policy. In particular, we discuss the joint impact of trade openness and political uncertainty. Our theo...

Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Economic Surveillance

Economic Surveillance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 : Our Connected World

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Through “surveillance,” the IMF oversees the international monetary system, monitors global economic developments, and engages in a health check of the economic and financial policies of its 189 member count...

Lending

Lending »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 : Our Connected World

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Unlike development banks, the IMF does not lend for specific projects but instead to member countries that experience balance of payments difficulties, to give them time to rectify economic policies and rest...

Capacity Development

Capacity Development »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 : Our Connected World

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Strengthening the capacity of institutions, such as central banks and finance ministries, results in more effective policies and greater economic stability and inclusion. That is why the IMF works with count...

Our Resources and Governance

Our Resources and Governance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 : Our Connected World

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Budget and Income Medium-term budget In April 2018 the Executive Board authorized a net administrative budget for FY 2019 of $1,135 million, along with...

Accountability

Accountability »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 : Our Connected World

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Risk Management at the IMF By virtue of its role as established in the Articles of Agreement, the IMF faces a range of risks. In 2016, the Executive Board approved the levels of risk...