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The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Lao People’s Democratic Republic »

Source: Lao People's Democratic Republic : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Annual Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2008/342

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2008

ISBN: 9781451822618

Keywords: public expenditure, expenditure, per, primary education, public expenditure review

This Annual Progress Report (APR) reviews the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper for Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). Noticeable improvements have also occurred in many economic, social, institutional, and leg...

Columbia or High School? Understanding the Roles of Education in Development

Columbia or High School? Understanding the Roles of Education in Development »

Source: Columbia or High School? Understanding the Roles of Education in Development

Volume/Issue: 2002/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodney Ramcharan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451845464

Keywords: growth, schooling, secondary schooling, educational investment, secondary education, educational attainment, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

No country has achieved sustained economic development without investment in education. Thus, education policy can play a vital role in facilitating development. But which types of schooling-secondary or tertiary-s...

Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work?

Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work? »

Source: Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work?

Volume/Issue: 2019/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Djeneba Doumbia , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513511863

Keywords: Economic policy, Financial crises, Expenditure efficiency, Unemployment, Education spending, Income inequality, public spending reallocation, institutions, WP, health spend

Can a government reduce income inequality by changing the composition of public spending while keeping the total level of expenditure fixed? Using newly assembled data on spending composition for 83 countries acros...

ASEAN Progress Towards Sustainable Development Goals and The Role of the IMF

ASEAN Progress Towards Sustainable Development Goals and The Role of the IMF »

Source: ASEAN Progress Towards Sustainable Development Goals and The Role of the IMF

Volume/Issue: 2018/054

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781498310208

Keywords: Economic growth, Financial statistics, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, Health indicators, ASEAN country, SDG, ASEAN, education outcome, past trend

"Attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will require that the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries continue their considerable past achievements. The Millennium Development Goals...

Vietnam's Development Success Story and the Unfinished SDG Agenda

Vietnam's Development Success Story and the Unfinished SDG Agenda »

Source: Vietnam's Development Success Story and the Unfinished SDG Agenda

Volume/Issue: 2020/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anja Baum

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513527024

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Poverty, Age-related spending, Vietnam, economic policies, SDGs, education, electricity

Despite starting as one of the poorest countries in the mid-1980s, Vietnam has achieved rapid developmental progress, reaching lower middle-income status in 2010. In line with rapid economic growth, Vietnam has ach...

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population? »

Source: Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Volume/Issue: 2006/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865325

Keywords: retirement, health care, pension, health insurance, medical care, Analysis of Health Care Markets, Health Production, Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education

Many Asian countries (such as China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines) will experience a significant aging of their populations during the next several decades. This paper...

Avoiding the New Mediocre: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Avoiding the New Mediocre: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Raising the Middle East and Central Asia's long-term growth prospects is critical for meeting the region's pressing need for jobs and higher living standards....

3. Reforms to Unlock Growth Potential in the Middle East and Central Asia

3. Reforms to Unlock Growth Potential in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Raising growth potential requires combinations of reforms that can affect the factors discussed in Chapter 2 and, naturally, reform priorities vary across countries. Most reform areas are heavily discussed i...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education
			: Causes and Consequences

The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875027.001

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...