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Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries
			: Occa Paper No.65

Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751164.084

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

This paper examines the types of market-related hedging instruments that could potentially be useful to indebted developing countries as they seek to manage the financial risks created by variability of the prices...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

In 1979 the European Monetary System (EMS) was established to create a “zone of monetary stability” within the European Community (EC). This zone of stability was to be achieved by means of close monetary co...

II Institutional Structure and Historical Development of the EMS

II Institutional Structure and Historical Development of the EMS »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

Objectives of the EMS The objectives of the EMS were identified in discussions at the European Council during the period leading up to the establishment of the system in early 1979....

III The “1992 Program” to Unify EC Financial Markets

III The “1992 Program” to Unify EC Financial Markets »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

The Single Market Program In June 1985, EC heads of governments approved a White Paper, put forward by the Commission, which contained some 300 measures designed to further unify EC...

IV Maintaining a Zone of Monetary Stability

IV Maintaining a Zone of Monetary Stability »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

The prospective structural changes in European financial markets associated with 1992, along with the increased scope for currency substitution and portfolio diversification, have prompted new questions abou...

V Implications for the International Monetary System and Other Countries

V Implications for the International Monetary System and Other Countries »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

The full implementation of the single market program could affect a broad range of economic and financial relationships between the EC and the rest of the world. It could also have implications for the struc...

VI Summary

VI Summary »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

The EMS has successfully maintained a zone of monetary stability within the EC since it was established in 1979 by means of close monetary cooperation and coordinated exchange rate management. As a result, t...

Debt Maturity and the International Financial Architecture

Debt Maturity and the International Financial Architecture »

Source: Debt Maturity and the International Financial Architecture

Volume/Issue: 2004/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451855944

Keywords: debt contract, international financial architecture, debt contracts, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems, Short-term Debt, Collective Action Clause, International Bankruptcy Court,

This paper presents a theory of the maturity of international sovereign debt and derives its implications for the reform of the international financial architecture. It presents a general equilibrium model in which...

Patterns of Capital Flows to Emerging Markets

Patterns of Capital Flows to Emerging Markets »

Source: Patterns of Capital Flows to Emerging Markets : A Theoretical Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1997/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhaohui Chen , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451924947

Keywords: Capital flows, emerging markets, cost of financing, contract and regulation, fdi, capital inflows, portfolio investment, equity flows

This paper reviews some of the basic patterns of international capital flows to emerging markets in recent years, including the composition of capital flows, intraregional flow patterns, and the geographical distri...

Emerging Markets Crisis

Emerging Markets Crisis »

Source: Emerging Markets Crisis : An Asset Markets Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1999/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Krishnamurthy , and Ricardo Caballero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451855098

Keywords: Capital flows, fire sales, financial constraints, contractual and corporate governance problems, balance sheets, wasted collateral, domestic and foreign spreads, excessive leverage, collateral underprovision, real depreciation

The entire difference between a mild downturn and a devastating crisis is the occurrence of sharp fire sales of domestic assets and possibly foreign exchange and the ensuing collapse in the balance sheets of both t...