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What Drives Household Borrowing and Credit Constraints? Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

What Drives Household Borrowing and Credit Constraints? Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Source: What Drives Household Borrowing and Credit Constraints? Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Volume/Issue: 2008/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ke Chen Chen , and Mali Chivakul

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870602

Keywords: household debt, credit constraints, probability, credit market, credit constraint, equation, Bosnia, Herzegovina,

Although Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has experienced rapid growth in credit to households in recent years, most individuals are still credit constrained. This paper analyzes the determinants of household credit de...

What Transparency Can Do When Incentives Fail

What Transparency Can Do When Incentives Fail »

Source: What Transparency Can Do When Incentives Fail : An Analysis of Rent Capture

Volume/Issue: 2006/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elisabeth Paul , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864069

Keywords: incentives, wages, budget constraint, wage, fiscal transparency, fiscal management,

This paper analyzes the pervasiveness and persistence of rent seeking, misgovernance, and public sector inefficiency in many developing and transition economies. We formalize evidence from country experiences and e...

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Lao People's Democratic Republic »

Source: Lao People's Democratic Republic : Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Preparation Status Report

Volume/Issue: 2003/309

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451822472

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, reduction strategy, poverty reduction strategy paper, capacity constraints, data collection

The Joint Staff Assessment (JSA) of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Preparation Status Report for the Lao People's Democratic Republic was prepared by the staff of both the World Bank and IMF. The JSA evaluate...

Optimal Price Indices for Targeting Inflation Under Incomplete Markets

Optimal Price Indices for Targeting Inflation Under Incomplete Markets »

Source: Optimal Price Indices for Targeting Inflation Under Incomplete Markets

Volume/Issue: 2010/200

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455205301

Keywords: Monetary Policy Framework, Core Inflation, Headline Inflation, Financial Frictions, Liquidity Constraints, aggregate demand, central bank,

In models with complete markets, targeting core inflation enables monetary policy to maximize welfare by replicating the flexible price equilibrium. We develop a two-sector two-good new-Keynesian model to study the...

The Composition Matters

The Composition Matters »

Source: The Composition Matters : Capital Inflows and Liquidity Crunch During a Global Economic Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hui Tong , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873115

Keywords: Financial globalization, spillover, liquidity constraints, stock price, working capital, financial dependence, Financial Institutions And Services, Corporate Finance And Governance,

We study whether capital flows affect the degree of credit crunch faced by a country's manufacturing firms during the 2007-09 crisis. Examining 3823 firms in 24 emerging countries, we find that the decline in stock...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa »

Source: The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

Emerging Markets Crisis

Emerging Markets Crisis »

Source: Emerging Markets Crisis : An Asset Markets Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1999/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Krishnamurthy , and Ricardo Caballero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451855098

Keywords: Capital flows, fire sales, financial constraints, contractual and corporate governance problems, balance sheets, wasted collateral, domestic and foreign spreads, excessive leverage, collateral underprovision, real depreciation

The entire difference between a mild downturn and a devastating crisis is the occurrence of sharp fire sales of domestic assets and possibly foreign exchange and the ensuing collapse in the balance sheets of both t...

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation »

Source: Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chandra Bhambhri , and Parkash Chander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451854909

Keywords: subsidy, reforms, quality, deadweight loss, budgetary constraints, fiscal savings, fiscal balance, Consumer Economics: Theory, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents

This paper presents a general framework for characterizing the optimal pattern of subsidies for poverty alleviation under budgetary constraints and suggests possible reforms for the existing pattern of subsidies. T...

Budget Support Versus Project Aid

Budget Support Versus Project Aid »

Source: Budget Support Versus Project Aid

Volume/Issue: 2003/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tito Cordella , and Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451851182

Keywords: aid policy, asymmetric information, empirical growth models, budget support, budget surplus, capital expenditures, budget constraint, capital expenditure, Asymmetric and Private Information, Welfare and Poverty: General

Should donors who are interested in the effectiveness of developmental programs rely on conditional budget support or on project aid? To answer this question, we present a model in which only a subset of the develo...

What Drives Household Borrowing and Credit Constraints? Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

What Drives Household Borrowing and Credit Constraints? Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Volume/Issue: 2008/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ke Chen Chen , and Mali Chivakul

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870602.001

ISBN: 9781451870602

Keywords: household debt, credit constraints, probability, credit market, credit constraint, equation, Bosnia, Herzegovina,

Although Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has experienced rapid growth in credit to households in recent years, most individuals are still credit constrained. This paper analyzes the determinants of household credit de...