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Corruption and the Rate of Temptation

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation »

Source: Corruption and the Rate of Temptation : Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption?

Volume/Issue: 1997/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451849424

Keywords: wage, wages, civil service, civil servants, civil service wages

This paper develops and tests two efficiency wage models of corruption in the civil service. Under fair wage models, civil service wages are an important determinant of corruption. Under shirking models, the level...

Uncontrolled Markets and the Inflationary Process in a Centrally Planned Economy

Uncontrolled Markets and the Inflationary Process in a Centrally Planned Economy »

Source: Uncontrolled Markets and the Inflationary Process in a Centrally Planned Economy

Volume/Issue: 1989/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 July 1989

ISBN: 9781451965599

Keywords: inflation, wage, inflationary gap, wage rate, wages

This paper analyzes the inflationary process in a centrally planned economy which has an uncontrolled market where prices can move more freely. The maintenance of controls over prices and rationing in the economy l...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Singapore

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Singapore »

Source: Singapore : 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information

Volume/Issue: 2012/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475504873

Keywords: real wages, aggregate demand, monetary fund

Singapore's large financial sector has remained resilient. The output has shown to rebound strongly despite a drop of 9 percent in GDP during 2008-early 2009. The new challenges include consumer price inflation, in...

Singapore

Singapore »

Source: Singapore : 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information

Volume/Issue: 2012/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475504873

Keywords: real wages, aggregate demand, monetary fund

Singapore's large financial sector has remained resilient. The output has shown to rebound strongly despite a drop of 9 percent in GDP during 2008-early 2009. The new challenges include consumer price inflation, in...

Singapore: Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Singapore: Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Singapore : 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information

Volume/Issue: 2012/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475504873

Keywords: real wages, aggregate demand, monetary fund

Singapore's large financial sector has remained resilient. The output has shown to rebound strongly despite a drop of 9 percent in GDP during 2008-early 2009. The new challenges include consumer price inflation, in...

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies »

Source: Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies

Volume/Issue: 1996/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451922554

Keywords: wages, wage, tax evasion, tax collectors, tax collector

Real wage declines have been common in the public sector in many countries over substantial periods of time. In several cases, such wage reductions have coincided with a decline in the efficiency of the public sect...

Corruption Around the World

Corruption Around the World »

Source: Corruption Around the World : Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

Volume/Issue: 1998/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451848397

Keywords: role of state, regulations, bribes, wages, salaries, wage, bribe

Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. The paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the c...

What Transparency Can Do When Incentives Fail

What Transparency Can Do When Incentives Fail »

Source: What Transparency Can Do When Incentives Fail : An Analysis of Rent Capture

Volume/Issue: 2006/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elisabeth Paul , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864069

Keywords: incentives, wages, budget constraint, wage, fiscal transparency, fiscal management,

This paper analyzes the pervasiveness and persistence of rent seeking, misgovernance, and public sector inefficiency in many developing and transition economies. We formalize evidence from country experiences and e...

Social and Political Factors in a Model of Endogenous Economic Growth and Distribution

Social and Political Factors in a Model of Endogenous Economic Growth and Distribution »

Source: Social and Political Factors in a Model of Endogenous Economic Growth and Distribution : An Application to the Philippines

Volume/Issue: 1996/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delano Villanueva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1996

ISBN: 9781451929461

Keywords: growth rate, wage, wages, economic growth, growth model

This paper proposes a model of endogenous economic growth and distribution explicitly incorporating social extraction and political competition, with an application to the Philippine historical experience. The majo...

Wages, Profitability, and Growth in a Small Open Economy

Wages, Profitability, and Growth in a Small Open Economy »

Source: Wages, Profitability, and Growth in a Small Open Economy

Volume/Issue: 1990/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bankim Chadha

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1990

ISBN: 9781451974188

Keywords: Singapore, Wages, wage, labor force, wage increases, labor costs

This paper examines issues raised by the evolution of a rapidly growing small open economy-Singapore-from a labor-intensive, low-technology production base to a capital-intensive, high-technology, knowledge-and-ski...