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SME Financial Inclusion for Sustained Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

SME Financial Inclusion for Sustained Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: SME Financial Inclusion for Sustained Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2019/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mishel Ghassibe , Maximiliano Appendino , and Samir Elsadek Mahmoudi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513509112

Keywords: Financial crises, Real sector, Financial inclusion, Labor productivity, Economic growth, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, Economic Grow, WP, central Asia region, SMEs

This paper offers empirical evidence that greater financial inclusion of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) can promote higher economic growth and employment, especially in the Middle East and Central Asia regions...

Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia

Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia »

Source: Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia

Volume/Issue: 2019/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Niels-Jakob Hansen , and Albe Gjonbalaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513510552

Keywords: National accounts, Tax revenue, Disposable income, Consumption, Employment, Inequality, Public Investment, Cambodia., WP, property taxation

We evaluate the impact of fiscal reforms on growth and inequality in Cambodia using a calibrated general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents (Peralta-Alva et al., 2018). Over the last two decades, Cambodia'...

Credit Misallocation and Economic Growth in Vietnam*

Credit Misallocation and Economic Growth in Vietnam* »

Source: Credit Misallocation and Economic Growth in Vietnam

Volume/Issue: 2019/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitsuru Katagiri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513511764

Keywords: Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Bank credit, Credit, Bank capital, Economic growth, credit misallocation, state owned enterprises, political economy, WP, SOEs

The legacy of non-performing loans and high opportunity cost of government financing of bank recapitalization impeded the efficiency of financial intermediation and are an important policy issue in Vietnam. This pa...

Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work?

Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work? »

Source: Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work?

Volume/Issue: 2019/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Djeneba Doumbia , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513511863

Keywords: Economic policy, Financial crises, Expenditure efficiency, Unemployment, Education spending, Income inequality, public spending reallocation, institutions, WP, health spend

Can a government reduce income inequality by changing the composition of public spending while keeping the total level of expenditure fixed? Using newly assembled data on spending composition for 83 countries acros...

Productivity and Tax Evasion

Productivity and Tax Evasion »

Source: Productivity and Tax Evasion

Volume/Issue: 2019/260

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Mark Gradstein , Fedor Miryugin , and Florian Misch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513518619

Keywords: Total factor productivity, National income, Tax revenue, Tax evasion, Labor productivity, Economic Development, Firm Productivity, WP, average productivity, self-employment

The extent of tax compliance has important implications for revenue yield, efficiency and the fairness of any tax system. Tax evasion undermines revenue collection, distorts competition, and undermines a country's...

Quality Upgrading and Export Performance in the Asian Growth Miracle

Quality Upgrading and Export Performance in the Asian Growth Miracle »

Source: Quality Upgrading and Export Performance in the Asian Growth Miracle

Volume/Issue: 2019/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Fidel Perez-Sebastian , and Nikola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513519227

Keywords: Development, Producer prices, Price indexes, Demand elasticity, Business cycles, growth miracles, product quality, international trade, exports., WP

We explore the contribution of product-quality upgrading to the export performance of six fast-growing Asian economies: China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Korea, and Thailand. We focus on measuring the impact...

Vietnam's Development Success Story and the Unfinished SDG Agenda

Vietnam's Development Success Story and the Unfinished SDG Agenda »

Source: Vietnam's Development Success Story and the Unfinished SDG Agenda

Volume/Issue: 2020/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anja Baum

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513527024

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Poverty, Age-related spending, Vietnam, economic policies, SDGs, education, electricity

Despite starting as one of the poorest countries in the mid-1980s, Vietnam has achieved rapid developmental progress, reaching lower middle-income status in 2010. In line with rapid economic growth, Vietnam has ach...

Determinants of Inclusive Growth in ASEAN

Determinants of Inclusive Growth in ASEAN »

Source: Determinants of Inclusive Growth in ASEAN

Volume/Issue: 2020/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Victoriia Alekhina , and Giovanni Ganelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513549194

Keywords: Economic integration, Economic growth, Development, Inclusive growth, Financial crises, Inequality, Income distribution, Equity, WP, per_capita growth

Over the past decades ASEAN countries have experienced rapid economic growth accompanied by a dramatic fall in poverty rates, but income inequality has not retreated. This research aims at identifying factors which...

Pricing Sovereign Debt in Resource-Rich Economies

Pricing Sovereign Debt in Resource-Rich Economies »

Source: Pricing Sovereign Debt in Resource-Rich Economies

Volume/Issue: 2019/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas McGregor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516431

Keywords: Market interest rates, Economic conditions, Financial crises, Real interest rates, Commodity price fluctuations, Risk premium, natural resources, sovereign debt, and default, development

How do oil price movements affect sovereign spreads in an oil-dependent economy? I develop a stochastic general equilibrium model of an economy exposed to co-moving oil price and output processes, with endogenous s...

Cyber Risk Surveillance: A Case Study of Singapore

Cyber Risk Surveillance: A Case Study of Singapore »

Source: Cyber Risk Surveillance: A Case Study of Singapore

Volume/Issue: 2020/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joseph Goh , Heedon Kang , Zhi Xing Koh , Jin Way Lim , Cheng Wei Ng , Galen Sher , and Chris Yao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513526317

Keywords: Systemically important financial institutions, Financial crises, Financial institutions, Financial systems, Financial services, Cyber risk, financial innovation, systemic risk, stress test., WP

Cyber risk is an emerging source of systemic risk in the financial sector, and possibly a macro-critical risk too. It is therefore important to integrate it into financial sector surveillance. This paper offers a r...