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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017
			: Promoting Inclusive Growth

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017 : Promoting Inclusive Growth »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475563252.011

ISBN: 9781475563252

Keywords: Poverty and inequality, Income inequality, Productivity, Debt management, Commodities, Energy, Gender, trade, growth, inclusive growth

During the past financial year, the IMF's 189 member countries faced a number of pressing challenges. IMF work on these challenges - slower trade, declining productivity, gender inequality, inclusive growth, and de...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018
			: Building a Shared Future

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018 : Building a Shared Future »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484373453.011

ISBN: 9781484373453

Keywords: Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality, Environmentally sustainable development

The past year was one of growing economic anxiety tied to skepticism about both economic integration and an international approach to economic policy making. To help make globalization work for all, the IMF focused...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019
			: Our Connected World

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 : Our Connected World »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321563.011

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

This issue of Annual Report discusses that the global economy is at a delicate moment. The expansion of early 2018 has lost momentum, in large part in response to rising trade tensions. There are threats from risin...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2016, Asia and Pacific
			: Building on Asia's Strengths during Turbulent Times

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2016, Asia and Pacific : Building on Asia's Strengths during Turbulent Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): Ranil Salgado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498350921.086

ISBN: 9781498350921

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Consumption, Development, Supply and demand, Financial crises, Commodity markets, Economies, trade, income, prices

Although Asia remains a growth leader in the global economy, growth is expected to ease slightly to 5.5 percent during 2016, with countries affected to varying degrees by a still weak global recovery, slowing globa...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation?

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation? »

Source: Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation?

Volume/Issue: 2015/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anton Korinek , and Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513506463

Keywords: pecuniary externalities, macroprudential regulation, inequality, exchange rate, exchange, lenders, borrowers, markets, International Lending and Debt Problems, Open Economy Macroeconomics

International capital flows can create significant financial instability in emerging economies because of pecuniary externalities associated with exchange rate movements. Does this make it optimal to impose capital...

Middle East and Central Asia

Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

Determinants of Inclusive Growth in ASEAN

Determinants of Inclusive Growth in ASEAN »

Source: Determinants of Inclusive Growth in ASEAN

Volume/Issue: 2020/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Victoriia Alekhina , and Giovanni Ganelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513549194

Keywords: Economic integration, Economic growth, Development, Inclusive growth, Financial crises, Inequality, Income distribution, Equity, WP, per_capita growth

Over the past decades ASEAN countries have experienced rapid economic growth accompanied by a dramatic fall in poverty rates, but income inequality has not retreated. This research aims at identifying factors which...

Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia

Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia »

Source: Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia

Volume/Issue: 2019/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Niels-Jakob Hansen , and Albe Gjonbalaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513510552

Keywords: National accounts, Tax revenue, Disposable income, Consumption, Employment, Inequality, Public Investment, Cambodia., WP, property taxation

We evaluate the impact of fiscal reforms on growth and inequality in Cambodia using a calibrated general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents (Peralta-Alva et al., 2018). Over the last two decades, Cambodia'...

Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work?

Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work? »

Source: Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work?

Volume/Issue: 2019/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Djeneba Doumbia , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513511863

Keywords: Economic policy, Financial crises, Expenditure efficiency, Unemployment, Education spending, Income inequality, public spending reallocation, institutions, WP, health spend

Can a government reduce income inequality by changing the composition of public spending while keeping the total level of expenditure fixed? Using newly assembled data on spending composition for 83 countries acros...