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Distributional Implications of Government Tax and Expenditure Policies

Distributional Implications of Government Tax and Expenditure Policies »

Source: Distributional Implications of Government Tax and Expenditure Policies : Issues, Problems, and Methodology

Volume/Issue: 1988/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451922363

Keywords: expenditure, income distribution, expenditures, distributional implications, fiscal incidence

This paper examines the methodological issues arising in the measurement of the distributional impact of tax and expenditure policies, with emphasis on the problems related to the measurement of the impact of adjus...

What Do We Know About Tariff Incidence?

What Do We Know About Tariff Incidence? »

Source: What Do We Know About Tariff Incidence?

Volume/Issue: 2004/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451859294

Keywords: excess burden, tax incidence offer curves, home country, tariff rate, tariff rates, free trade, Taxation and Subsidies: Incidence,

This paper examines the question: Who bears the larger portion of the excess burden of a tariff-the country that imposes it, or a country that it trades with? For a country that can influence its terms of trade, th...

Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries

Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries »

Source: Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ke-young Chu , Hamid Davoodi , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451848281

Keywords: tax incidence, government social spending, household income, direct taxes, indirect taxes

This paper reviews income distribution in developing (and transition) countries in recent decades. On average, before-tax income distribution in developing countries is less unequal than in industrial countries. Ho...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Why is Unemployment High in the Philippines?

Why is Unemployment High in the Philippines? »

Source: Why is Unemployment High in the Philippines?

Volume/Issue: 2002/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ray Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451844054

Keywords: employment, wage, minimum wage, unemployment rate, Demand and Supply of Labor: General, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search, Phillipines

Unemployment has remained high in the Philippines, at almost twice the level of neighboring countries, despite relatively fast employment growth in the past decade. Employment growth was not sufficient to reduce un...

Increasing Public Sector Revenue in the Philippines

Increasing Public Sector Revenue in the Philippines »

Source: Increasing Public Sector Revenue in the Philippines : Equity and Efficiency Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2005/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860412

Keywords: revenue, incidence, VAT, tax incentives, tax administration, tax system, tax rates, tax revenue, Subsidies and Revenue, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies

Public sector revenue has declined markedly in the Philippines over the past seven years. Most observers of the Philippine economy agree that rebuilding public sector revenue will be critical to reducing deficits a...

Search in the Labor Market under Imperfectly Insurable Income Risk

Search in the Labor Market under Imperfectly Insurable Income Risk »

Source: Search in the Labor Market under Imperfectly Insurable Income Risk

Volume/Issue: 2009/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mauro Roca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873351

Keywords: incomplete markets, heterogeneous agents, wage, unemployed, employment, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm, Unemployment: Models, Duration

This paper develops a general equilibrium model with unemployment and noncooperative wage determination to analyze the importance of incomplete markets when risk-averse agents are subject to idiosyncratic employmen...

Distributional Implications of Government Tax and Expenditure Policies
			: Issues, Problems, and Methodology

Distributional Implications of Government Tax and Expenditure Policies : Issues, Problems, and Methodology »

Volume/Issue: 1988/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922363.001

ISBN: 9781451922363

Keywords: expenditure, income distribution, expenditures, distributional implications, fiscal incidence

This paper examines the methodological issues arising in the measurement of the distributional impact of tax and expenditure policies, with emphasis on the problems related to the measurement of the impact of adjus...

What Do We Know About Tariff Incidence?

What Do We Know About Tariff Incidence? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859294.001

ISBN: 9781451859294

Keywords: excess burden, tax incidence offer curves, home country, tariff rate, tariff rates, free trade, Taxation and Subsidies: Incidence,

This paper examines the question: Who bears the larger portion of the excess burden of a tariff-the country that imposes it, or a country that it trades with? For a country that can influence its terms of trade, th...

Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries

Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2000/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ke-young Chu , Hamid Davoodi , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848281.001

ISBN: 9781451848281

Keywords: tax incidence, government social spending, household income, direct taxes, indirect taxes

This paper reviews income distribution in developing (and transition) countries in recent decades. On average, before-tax income distribution in developing countries is less unequal than in industrial countries. Ho...