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Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Blancher , Maximiliano Appendino , Aidyn Bibolov , Armand Fouejieu , Jiawei Li , Anta Ndoye , Alexandra Panagiotakopoulou , Wei Shi , and Tetyana Sydorenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2019

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396889.087

ISBN: 9781484396889

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Middle East and Central Asia, Business enterprises, Small and Medium Enterprises, Financial Inclusion, Middle East and Central Asia

The importance of financial inclusion is increasingly recognized by policymakers around the world. Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) financial inclusion, in particular, is at the core of the economic diversif...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2017, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2017, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312520.086

ISBN: 9781484312520

Keywords: Oil, Oil exports, economic outlook, economic forecasting, Middle East and Central Asia

Oil exporters in the Middle East and North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan region (MENAP) are continuing to adjust to lower oil prices, which have dampened growth and contributed to large fiscal and external defi...

Managing Financial Crises

Managing Financial Crises »

Source: Managing Financial Crises : The Experience in East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2000/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , A. Hamann , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Ales Bulir , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , Alex Mourmouras , and Jack Boorman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451852974

Keywords: East Asian financial crisis, IMF, asian crisis, crisis countries, moral hazard, capital outflows, capital adequacy

The Asian financial crisis of 1997-98 was one of the most dramatic economic events of recent times, which raised many questions regarding the appropriate policy response to financial crises. This paper reviews the...

What Happened to Asian Exports During the Crisis?

What Happened to Asian Exports During the Crisis? »

Source: What Happened to Asian Exports During the Crisis?

Volume/Issue: 2000/200

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Rupa Duttagupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451860153

Keywords: Cointegration, Competitive Depreciation, Export Demand and Supply, East Asia, export prices, equations, equation, asian exports

After the large exchange rate depreciations following the 1997 East Asian crisis, export volumes from East Asian countries responded with a notable lag. Two main explanations for this lag have been proposed: that t...

Corporate Debt Restructuring in East Asia

Corporate Debt Restructuring in East Asia »

Source: Corporate Debt Restructuring in East Asia : Some Lessons from International Experience

Volume/Issue: 1998/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1998

ISBN: 9781451968729

Keywords: Debt, Debt restructuring, Asia, Malaysia, Korea, Republic of, Indonesia, Thailand, East Asia, corporate debt, corporate restructuring

This paper summarizes some lessons from international experience for corporate debt restructuring in east Asia. Basic principles of debt restructuring are described, the experiences of Mexico, Chile, the United Kin...

East Asia in the Aftermath

East Asia in the Aftermath »

Source: East Asia in the Aftermath : Was there a Crunch?

Volume/Issue: 1999/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , and Swart Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451845679

Keywords: Credit crunch, East Asia Currency Crises, capital adequacy, banking, banking system, banking system liabilities

This paper uses a disequilibrium framework to investigate a possible credit crunch in the East Asian crisis countries (Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand) during 1997-98. It defines a credit crunch as a situation in wh...

Middle East and Central Asia

Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

Estimating Potential Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia1

Estimating Potential Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia1 »

Source: Estimating Potential Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2015/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Abajyan , and Mark Fischer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

ISBN: 9781475545364

Keywords: potential growth, output gap, production function, Middle East, Central Asia., growth, capital, labor, tfp,

The Middle East and Central Asia's economic growth potential is slowing faster than in other emerging and developing regions, dampening hopes for reducing persistent unemployment and improving the region's genera...

Leading Indicators of Banking Crises

Leading Indicators of Banking Crises »

Source: Leading Indicators of Banking Crises : Was Asia Different?

Volume/Issue: 1998/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451951745

Keywords: Banking crises, leading indicators, East Asia, banking, banking system, banking sector, banking system distress

This paper examines episodes of the banking system distress and crisis in a large sample of countries. The empirical results identify several macroeconomic and financial variables as useful leading indicators. The...

Post-Crisis Fiscal Policy Priorities for the ASEAN-5

Post-Crisis Fiscal Policy Priorities for the ASEAN-5 »

Source: Post-Crisis Fiscal Policy Priorities for the ASEAN-5

Volume/Issue: 2010/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209521

Keywords: fiscal space, expenditure, public spending, public debt, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East, And Finance,

This paper focuses on post-crisis fiscal priorities in the ASEAN-5 economies - Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Sound economic fundamentals and timely and forceful policy responses to the c...