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Dollarization in Cambodia

Dollarization in Cambodia »

Source: Dollarization in Cambodia : Causes and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2011/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nombulelo Duma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218936

Keywords: seigniorage, foreign currency, monetary policy, inflation, macroeconomic stability, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit,

Over the past decade, Cambodia has become Asia's most dollarized economy. In contrast, dollarization in neighboring Lao P.D.R., Mongolia, and Vietnam has been either declining or broadly stable. Somewhat paradoxica...

External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis

External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis »

Source: External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis : What is Different This Time?

Volume/Issue: 2010/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): F. Gulcin Ozkan , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201419

Keywords: entrepreneurs, domestic economy, entrepreneur, open economy, domestic goods, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, international Finance, macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper develops a two-country DSGE model to investigate the transmission of a global financial crisis to a small open economy. We find that economies hit by a sudden stop arising from financial distress in the...

Optimal Liquidity and Economic Stability

Optimal Liquidity and Economic Stability »

Source: Optimal Liquidity and Economic Stability

Volume/Issue: 2012/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Linghui Han , and Il Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503883

Keywords: financial assets, financial sector, monetary aggregate, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Dynamic Panel,

Monetary aggregates are now much less used as policy instruments as identifying the right measure has become difficult and interest rate transmission has worked well in an increasingly complex financial system. In...

An Assessment of Malaysian Monetary Policy During the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-09

An Assessment of Malaysian Monetary Policy During the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-09 »

Source: An Assessment of Malaysian Monetary Policy During the Global Financial Crisis of 2008-09

Volume/Issue: 2012/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , Subir Lall , and Harun Alp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933203

Keywords: financial accelerator, Bayesian estimation, DSGE model, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rate flexibility, fixed exchange rate regime, Bayesian Analysis, And The Supply Of Money And Credit,

Malaysia was hit hard by the global financial crisis of 2008-09. Anticipating the downturn that would follow the episode of extreme financial turbulence, Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) let the exchange rate depreciate...

Currency Crises and the Real Economy

Currency Crises and the Real Economy »

Source: Currency Crises and the Real Economy : The Role of Banks

Volume/Issue: 2001/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451846843

Keywords: currency crisis, foreign currency debt, balance sheet, banking, balance sheet effect, banking sector, currency crises, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy, Central Banking

This paper shows that the quality of banks within each country is one of the important factors that can account for the fact that developing economies tend to suffer more severe output contractions in the wake of a...

Exchange Rate Pass-Through Over the Business Cycle in Singapore

Exchange Rate Pass-Through Over the Business Cycle in Singapore »

Source: Exchange Rate Pass-Through Over the Business Cycle in Singapore

Volume/Issue: 2011/141

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Siang Tan , Joey Chew , and Sam Ouliaris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455266425

Keywords: exchange rate, business cycle, consumer price index, output gap, monetary policy, Business Fluctuations, And Cycles, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, international Finance

This paper investigates exchange rate pass-through in Singapore using band-pass spectral regression techniques, allowing for asymmetric effects over the business cycle. First stage pass-through is estimated to be c...

An Investigation of Output Variance Before and During Inflation Targeting

An Investigation of Output Variance Before and During Inflation Targeting »

Source: An Investigation of Output Variance Before and During Inflation Targeting

Volume/Issue: 2001/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Nadal De Simone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451875041

Keywords: output variance, Markov-switching, inflation, reduction in inflation, inflation-targeting, Econometric Methods: - Multiple/simultaneous Equation Models, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

Since Taylor estimated a trade-off between inflation and output variance, it has been widely accepted that efforts to keep the inflation rate “too low and stable” will likely result in relatively larg...

The Boom, Bust and Restructuring of Indonesian Banks

The Boom, Bust and Restructuring of Indonesian Banks »

Source: The Boom, Bust and Restructuring of Indonesian Banks

Volume/Issue: 2002/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mari Pangestu , and Manggi Habir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848809

Keywords: Asian financial crisis, banking reforms, banking, recapitalization, banking sector, banking crisis, banking system, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy

This paper studies why currency and monetary shock hit Indonesia's economy and banking sector so severely and the measures that were taken to deal with the banking crisis, the lessons learned, and challenges faced...

Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy

Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy »

Source: Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy : The Case of Cambodia

Volume/Issue: 2002/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451851601

Keywords: foreign currency, inflation, monetary policy, high inflation, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: General, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Co-currency Circulation, Kalman Filter, Currency Board Arrangement,

Cambodia became dollarized suddenly in the early 1990s, as a result of massive dollar inflows stemming from a postconflict situation. Considering that the amount of dollars in circulation is unusually high, we atte...

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves »

Source: Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves : A Simple Model

Volume/Issue: 2001/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

ISBN: 9781451843644

Keywords: Currency Crisis, Speculative Attacks, Borrowing Reserves, capital controls, external borrowing, central bank, domestic currency, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

This paper addresses the important question of how far a government will run down its stock of foreign reserves in a defense of a fixed exchange rate. An optimizing model of currency crisis is presented in which th...