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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government
			: Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding »

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201389.001

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government »

Source: Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

The Use of Blanket Guarantees in Banking Crises

The Use of Blanket Guarantees in Banking Crises »

Source: The Use of Blanket Guarantees in Banking Crises

Volume/Issue: 2008/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

ISBN: 9781451871081

Keywords: banking, liquidity support, banking system, deposit insurance, bank restructuring

In episodes of significant banking distress or perceived systemic risk to the financial system, policymakers have often opted for issuing blanket guarantees on bank liabilities to stop or avoid widespread bank runs...

The Use of Blanket Guarantees in Banking Crises

The Use of Blanket Guarantees in Banking Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2008/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871081.001

ISBN: 9781451871081

Keywords: banking, liquidity support, banking system, deposit insurance, bank restructuring

In episodes of significant banking distress or perceived systemic risk to the financial system, policymakers have often opted for issuing blanket guarantees on bank liabilities to stop or avoid widespread bank runs...

Stress Testing Financial Systems

Stress Testing Financial Systems »

Source: Stress Testing Financial Systems : What to Do When the Governor Calls

Volume/Issue: 2004/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Matthew Jones , and Graham Slack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451855012

Keywords: financial system, credit, financial institutions, prices, General Financial Markets, Financial Institutions and Services,

Stress testing is becoming a widely used tool to assess potential vulnerabilities in a financial system. This paper is intended to answer some of the basic questions that may arise as part of the process of stress...

Stress Testing Financial Systems
			: What to Do When the Governor Calls

Stress Testing Financial Systems : What to Do When the Governor Calls »

Volume/Issue: 2004/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Matthew Jones , and Graham Slack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855012.001

ISBN: 9781451855012

Keywords: financial system, credit, financial institutions, prices, General Financial Markets, Financial Institutions and Services,

Stress testing is becoming a widely used tool to assess potential vulnerabilities in a financial system. This paper is intended to answer some of the basic questions that may arise as part of the process of stress...

Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain

Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain »

Source: Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain : The Effects of Financial Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 2003/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sergio Schmukler , and Graciela Kaminsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451845280

Keywords: financial liberalization, stock market prices, booms, busts, stock market, financial sector, financial markets, domestic financial sector, International Finance: General, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

We examine the short- and long-run effects of financial liberalization on capital markets. To do so, we construct a new comprehensive chronology of financial liberalization in 28 mature and emerging market economie...

Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain
			: The Effects of Financial Liberalization

Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain : The Effects of Financial Liberalization »

Volume/Issue: 2003/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sergio Schmukler , and Graciela Kaminsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845280.001

ISBN: 9781451845280

Keywords: financial liberalization, stock market prices, booms, busts, stock market, financial sector, financial markets, domestic financial sector, International Finance: General, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

We examine the short- and long-run effects of financial liberalization on capital markets. To do so, we construct a new comprehensive chronology of financial liberalization in 28 mature and emerging market economie...

Real Estate Market Developments and Financal Sector Soundness

Real Estate Market Developments and Financal Sector Soundness »

Source: Real Estate Market Developments and Financal Sector Soundness

Volume/Issue: 2001/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Lisbeth Zacho , and Qin Lei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451855111

Keywords: Real estate, financial crises, real estate prices, banking, real estate markets, banking sector,

This paper analyses the characteristics and functioning of real estate markets. It focuses on the relationship between developments in these markets and the financial sector to determine under what circumstances re...