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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2011/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vahram Stepanyan , and Kai Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455218035.001

ISBN: 9781455218035

Keywords: pre-crisis, banking, banking sector, post-crisis period, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

We examine changes in bank credit across a wide range of emerging market economies during the last decade. The rich time-series and cross-section information allows us to draw broader lessons compared to many exist...

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies1

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies1 »

Source: Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2011/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vahram Stepanyan , and Kai Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218035

Keywords: pre-crisis, banking, banking sector, post-crisis period, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

We examine changes in bank credit across a wide range of emerging market economies during the last decade. The rich time-series and cross-section information allows us to draw broader lessons compared to many exist...

Writing Clearly

Writing Clearly »

Source: Writing Clearly : ECB's Monetary Policy Communication

Volume/Issue: 2008/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , Katerina Smídková , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

ISBN: 9781451871104

Keywords: Communication, inflation, central bank, inflation forecasts, inflation target,

The paper presents a methodology for measuring the clarity of central bank communication, illustrating it with the case of the European Central Bank (ECB) in 1999-2007. The analysis identifies the ECB's written com...

Writing Clearly
			: ECB's Monetary Policy Communication

Writing Clearly : ECB's Monetary Policy Communication »

Volume/Issue: 2008/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , Katerina Smídková , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871104.001

ISBN: 9781451871104

Keywords: Communication, inflation, central bank, inflation forecasts, inflation target,

The paper presents a methodology for measuring the clarity of central bank communication, illustrating it with the case of the European Central Bank (ECB) in 1999-2007. The analysis identifies the ECB's written com...

Statement by the Managing Director on the Evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Office of the IMF’s Approach to Capital Account Liberalization

Statement by the Managing Director on the Evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Office of the IMF’s Approach to Capital Account Liberalization »

Source: IEO Evaluation Report on the IMF's Approach to Capital Account Liberalization 2005

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

ISBN: 9781589064157

Keywords: capital account liberalization, capital account, capital inflows, capital controls, capital flows

May 11, 2005...

Staff Response to the Evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Office of the IMF’s Approach to Capital Account Liberalization

Staff Response to the Evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Office of the IMF’s Approach to Capital Account Liberalization »

Source: IEO Evaluation Report on the IMF's Approach to Capital Account Liberalization 2005

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

ISBN: 9781589064157

Keywords: capital account liberalization, capital account, capital inflows, capital controls, capital flows

May 11, 2005...

Independent Evaluation Office Comments on Management/Staff Response to the Evaluation of the IMF’s Approach to Capital Account Liberalization

Independent Evaluation Office Comments on Management/Staff Response to the Evaluation of the IMF’s Approach to Capital Account Liberalization »

Source: IEO Evaluation Report on the IMF's Approach to Capital Account Liberalization 2005

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

ISBN: 9781589064157

Keywords: capital account liberalization, capital account, capital inflows, capital controls, capital flows

May 11, 2005...

The IMF’s Approach to Capital Account Liberalization

The IMF’s Approach to Capital Account Liberalization »

Source: IEO Evaluation Report on the IMF's Approach to Capital Account Liberalization 2005

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

ISBN: 9781589064157

Keywords: capital account liberalization, capital account, capital inflows, capital controls, capital flows

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