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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Gustavo Adler , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513585840.001

ISBN: 9781513585840

Keywords: exchange rate, gross capital flows, exchange, market, General,

Many emerging market economies have relied on foreign exchange intervention (FXI) in response to gross capital inflows. In this paper, we study whether FXI has been an effective tool to dampen the effects of these...

Does Basel Compliance Matter for Bank Performance?

Does Basel Compliance Matter for Bank Performance? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rym Ayadi , Sami Ben Naceur , Barbara Casu , and Barry Quinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475580389.001

ISBN: 9781475580389

Keywords: BCP, Efficiency, Regulatory Compliance, bank, bank performance, interest, banking, Truncated and Censored Models, Government Policy and Regulation,

The global financial crisis underscored the importance of regulation and supervision to a well-functioning banking system that efficiently channels financial resources into investment. In this paper, we contribute...

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2015/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , Richard Harris , and Fatih Yilmaz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475530520.001

ISBN: 9781475530520

Keywords: Exchange rate volatility, exchange, exchange rate, volatility, exchange rates, trade, Time-Series Models, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Standard models-based exclusively on macro-financial variables-have made little progress in explaining the behavior of exchange rates. In this paper, we introduce a neglected set of 'soft power' factors capturing...

Tracking Global Demand for Emerging Market Sovereign Debt

Tracking Global Demand for Emerging Market Sovereign Debt »

Volume/Issue: 2014/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , and Takahiro Tsuda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326541.001

ISBN: 9781484326541

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment Decisions, government debt, central bank, external funding, central banks, Finance, Portfolio Choice and Investment Decisions,

This paper proposes an approach to track US$1 trillion of emerging market government debt held by foreign investors in local and hard currency, based on a similar approach that was used for advanced ec...

The Macroprudential Framework
			: Policy Responsiveness and Institutional Arrangements

The Macroprudential Framework : Policy Responsiveness and Institutional Arrangements »

Volume/Issue: 2013/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheng Lim , Ivo Krznar , Fabian Lipinsky , Akira Otani , and Xiaoyong Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484377819.001

ISBN: 9781484377819

Keywords: macroprudential, institutions, instruments, interest rate, mortgage, central bank, reserve requirement, reserve requirements, mortgage loans, Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper gauges if, and how, institutional arrangements are correlated with the use of macroprudential policy instruments. Using data from 39 countries, the paper evaluates policy response time in various types o...

Growth Forecast Errors and  Fiscal Multipliers

Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers »

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475576443.001

ISBN: 9781475576443

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal consolidation, fiscal multipliers, growth forecast, fiscal balance, General, General, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits

This paper investigates the relation between growth forecast errors and planned fiscal consolidation during the crisis. We find that, in advanced economies, stronger planned fiscal consolidation has been associated...

Consensus Forecasts and Inefficient Information Aggregation

Consensus Forecasts and Inefficient Information Aggregation »

Volume/Issue: 2010/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201891.001

ISBN: 9781455201891

Keywords: Consensus Forecasts, Information Aggregation, Forecast Efficiency, efficiency, forecast horizons, forecast errors, forecast horizon, forecast error, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, General Aggregative Models: Forecasting and Simulation,

Consensus forecasts are inefficient, over-weighting older information already in the public domain at the expense of new private information, when individual forecasters have different information sets. Using a cro...

Economic Transition and Health Care Reform
			: The Experience of Europe and Central Asia

Economic Transition and Health Care Reform : The Experience of Europe and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2010/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adam Leive

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982183.001

ISBN: 9781451982183

Keywords: Health care reform, public health expenditure, primary care, health systems, health insurance, public health, fee-for-service, National Government Expenditures and Health, Health: General,

Economic Transition and Health Care Reform: The Experience of Europe and Central Asia...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2009

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2009 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068728.044

ISBN: 9781589068728

Keywords: liabilities, debt, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, equity securities, money market, money market instruments, debt securities, bonds

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...