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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Internationaler Währungsfonds, Jahresbericht 2011
			: Ausgewogenes Wachstum Verfolgen Für Alle

Internationaler Währungsfonds, Jahresbericht 2011 : Ausgewogenes Wachstum Verfolgen Für Alle »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351144.011

ISBN: 9781616351144

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

The IMF's 2011 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2011, which covers the period from May 1, 2010, thr...

Internationaler währungsfondS, Rapport Annuel 2011
			: Vers Une Croissance Équitable Et Équilibrée

Internationaler währungsfondS, Rapport Annuel 2011 : Vers Une Croissance Équitable Et Équilibrée »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351137.011

ISBN: 9781616351137

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

The IMF's 2011 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2011, which covers the period from May 1, 2010, thr...

FMI Bulletin Vol.37, No.5 Mai 2008

FMI Bulletin Vol.37, No.5 Mai 2008 »

Volume/Issue: 37/5

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2008

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451976038.023

ISBN: 9781451976038

Keywords: food prices, food price, food production, food riots, world food program, food products, food import

Prix alimentaires : le FMI collabore avec les États vulnérables; L'Europe résiste mais des problèmes demeurent; Entretien avec Abdoulaye Bio-Tchané Allemagne : évaluation annuelle; République tchèque: réforme budgé...

Have Institutional Investors Destabilized Emerging Markets?

Have Institutional Investors Destabilized Emerging Markets? »

Volume/Issue: 1996/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brian Aitken

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451978889.001

ISBN: 9781451978889

Keywords: institutional investors, stock markets, emerging market stocks, stock prices, international finance

In the past few years there has been a large increase in portfolio capital flows into emerging markets, mostly fueled by mutual funds and other institutional investors. Based on a simple variance ratio test, this p...

Value-Added Tax
			: Administrative and Policy Issues

Value-Added Tax : Administrative and Policy Issues »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alan Tait

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751843.084

ISBN: 9781557751843

Keywords: vat, tax administration, tax return, sales tax, tax department

More than 50 countries worldwide employ a value-added tax. What are its effects on prices, exports, and investment? Is it regressive? These and other questions are answered in this collection of papers presented at...

Effects of Slowdown in Industrial Countries on Growth in Non-Oil Developing Countries

Effects of Slowdown in Industrial Countries on Growth in Non-Oil Developing Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750624.084

ISBN: 9781557750624

Keywords: oil developing countries, exporters, export growth, oil exporters, oil exporting countries

One of the more important yet puzzling aspects of the recent global stagflation has been the rather surprising resiliency of growth rates of real income in non-oil developing countries during the 1973-80 period in...