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Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets
			: Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets : Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals »

Volume/Issue: 2015/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Stijn Claessens , and Damien Puy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526638.001

ISBN: 9781513526638

Keywords: Push factors, global banks, markets, portfolio, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Portfolio Choice,

This paper analyzes the behavior of gross capital inflows across 34 emerging markets (EMs). We first confirm that aggregate inflows to EMs co-move considerably. We then report three findings: (i) the aggregate co-m...

Foreign Aid and Revenue
			: Still a Crowding Out Effect?

Foreign Aid and Revenue : Still a Crowding Out Effect? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , Sanjeev Gupta , Priscilla Muthoora , and Dora Benedek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505344.001

ISBN: 9781475505344

Keywords: tax revenues, tax revenue, total tax revenue

This paper reexamines the relationship between aid and domestic tax revenues using a more recent and comprehensive dataset covering 118 countries for the period 1980 - 2009. Overall, our results support earlier fin...

Food Prices and Political Instability

Food Prices and Political Instability »

Volume/Issue: 2011/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Markus Bruckner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455221066.001

ISBN: 9781455221066

Keywords: Conflict, Political Institutions, food price, food production, food insecurity, food consumption, Economic Systems: General, General,

We examine the effects that variations in the international food prices have on democracy and intra-state conflict using panel data for over 120 countries during the period 1970-2007. Our main finding is that in Lo...

External Balance in Low Income Countries

External Balance in Low Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2009/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873689.001

ISBN: 9781451873689

Keywords: real exchange rate, net foreign assets, exchange rate, capital account liberalization, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper offers a coherent empirical analysis of the determinants of the real exchange rate, the current account, and the net foreign assets position in low income countries. The paper focuses on indicators speci...

Évaluation de la conditionnalité structurelle des programmes appuyés par le FMI

Évaluation de la conditionnalité structurelle des programmes appuyés par le FMI »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2008

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067332.017

ISBN: 9781589067332

Keywords: conditionality, structural conditionality, privatization, depth case studies, country ownership, implementation capacity, reform agenda, structural adjustment, reform program, financial sector reform

The Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) was established by the IMF's Executive Board in 2001. It provides objective and independent evaluation of issues related to the IMF. The IEO operates independently of IMF man...

Altruism and Workers' Remittances
			: Evidence from Selected Countries in the Middle East and Central Asia

Altruism and Workers' Remittances : Evidence from Selected Countries in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2006/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863901.001

ISBN: 9781451863901

Keywords: altruism, co-integration, cointegration, equation, workers ? remittances, equations, Household Behavior: General, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

Workers' remittances have been playing an increasingly important role in the balance of payments of many countries and can significantly contribute to the strength of their external positions. Assessing the likely...

Foreign Aid and Revenue Response
			: Does the Composition of Aid Matter?

Foreign Aid and Revenue Response : Does the Composition of Aid Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2003/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Pivovarsky , Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Erwin Tiongson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858839.001

ISBN: 9781451858839

Keywords: revenue, tax effort, foreign debt, domestic borrowing, tax revenue, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This paper examines the revenue response to inflows of foreign aid in 107 countries during the period 1970–2000, In particular, it investigates whether the impact of aid on the revenue effort depends on the...

Evaluation of Prolonged Use of IMF Resources

Evaluation of Prolonged Use of IMF Resources »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062054.017

ISBN: 9781589062054

Keywords: balance of payments, current account, tax administration, external debt

This evaluation report covers such topics as the definition and scope of prolonged use, the evolution of IMF policies on prolonged use, characteristics of prolonged users, the effectiveness and design of prolonged...

The Potential Role for Securitizing Public Sector Revenue Flows
			: An Application to the Philippines

The Potential Role for Securitizing Public Sector Revenue Flows : An Application to the Philippines »

Volume/Issue: 2002/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852905.001

ISBN: 9781451852905

Keywords: securitization, debt service, capital markets, credit rating, General Financial Markets,

Since the mid-1980s, the securitization of future flow receivables has grown in importance as a financing alternative for the public sector. In a world of perfect capital markets, there appears to be little rationa...

When is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan

When is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan »

Volume/Issue: 2002/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850765.001

ISBN: 9781451850765

Keywords: domestic savings, growth rate, rapid economic growth, export earnings, Development Planning And Policy, Economywide Country Studies,

This paper focuses on two central issues related to the contrasting experiences of Malaysia and Pakistan regarding poverty reduction. First, it examines the structure of economic growth and its proximate determinan...