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Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind »

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lars Svensson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314787.001

ISBN: 9781498314787

Keywords: macroprudential policy, unemployment, unemployment rate, debt, marginal cost, benchmark, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), All Countries

“Leaning against the wind” (LAW) with a higher monetary policy interest rate may have benefits in terms of lower real debt growth and associated lower probability of a financial crisis but has costs in terms of hig...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Sovereign Wealth Funds
			: Aspects of Governance Structures and Investment Management

Sovereign Wealth Funds : Aspects of Governance Structures and Investment Management »

Volume/Issue: 2013/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdullah Al-Hassan , Michael Papaioannou , Martin Skancke , and Cheng Chih Sung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475518610.001

ISBN: 9781475518610

Keywords: governance structure, investment management, macroeconomic coordination, investment strategy, investment strategies, Portfolio Choice,

This paper presents in a systematic (normative) manner the salient features of a SWF‘s governance structure, in relation to its objectives and investment management that can ensure its efficient operation an...

Procyclical Behavior of Institutional Investors During the Recent Financial Crisis
			: Causes, Impacts, and Challenges

Procyclical Behavior of Institutional Investors During the Recent Financial Crisis : Causes, Impacts, and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2013/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Papaioannou , Joonkyu Park , Jukka Pihlman , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484336083.001

ISBN: 9781484336083

Keywords: long-term investments, institutional investors, procyclicality, financial stability, financial system, financial markets, bonds, bond, Portfolio Choice,

This paper (i) provides evidence on the procyclical investment behavior of major institutional investors during the global financial crisis; (ii) identifies the main factors that could account for such behavior; (i...

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds
			: A Shifting Paradigm

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds : A Shifting Paradigm »

Volume/Issue: 2011/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iva Petrova , Jukka Pihlman , Peter Kunzel , and Yinqiu Lu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211968.001

ISBN: 9781455211968

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment and Risk Management, Government Policy and Regulation, pension, pension reserve, investment objectives, pension fund, risk management, International Finance: General, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

While SWF investment objectives to some extent reflect inherent characteristics, notable differences in strategic asset allocation (SAA) exist even amongst SWFs of similar types. Even so, this paper shows that the...

On the Solvency of Nations
			: Are Global Imbalances Consistent with Intertemporal Budget Constraints?

On the Solvency of Nations : Are Global Imbalances Consistent with Intertemporal Budget Constraints? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrique Mendoza , Marco Terrones , and Ceyhun Bora Durdu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963298.001

ISBN: 9781451963298

Keywords: external solvency, Poled Mean Group estimation, foreign assets, net foreign assets, equation, statistics, industrial countries, Open Economy Macroeconomics, General Outlook and Conditions,

Theory predicts that a nation's stochastic intertemporal budget constraint is satisfied if net exports (NX) and net foreign assets (NFA) satisfy an error-correction specification with a residual integrated of any f...

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007)

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007) »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064638.069

ISBN: 9781589064638

Keywords: fiscal policy, eiti, fiscal transparency, fiscal regime, resource-rich countries

The Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency applies the principles of the revised IMF Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency (‘the Code') to the unique set of transparency problems faced by countries that der...

Ajuste fiscal para la estabilidad y el crecimiento

Ajuste fiscal para la estabilidad y el crecimiento »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): James Daniel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2007

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066038.054

ISBN: 9781589066038

Este folleto (que actualiza las Directrices de 1995 para el ajuste fiscal) presenta el enfoque del FMI con respecto al ajuste fiscal, y se centra en la importancia de la solidez de las finanzas públicas para promov...

Fiscal Adjustment for Stability and Growth

Fiscal Adjustment for Stability and Growth »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): James Daniel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 August 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065130.054

ISBN: 9781589065130

Keywords: Economic growth, fiscal policy, fiscal adjustment, expenditure, public expenditure, aggregate demand

The pamphlet (which updates the 1995 Guidelines for Fiscal Adjustment) presents the IMF's approach to fiscal adjustment, and focuses on the role that sound government finances play in promoting macroeconomic stabil...

Stress Testing Financial Systems
			: What to Do When the Governor Calls

Stress Testing Financial Systems : What to Do When the Governor Calls »

Volume/Issue: 2004/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Matthew Jones , and Graham Slack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855012.001

ISBN: 9781451855012

Keywords: financial system, credit, financial institutions, prices, General Financial Markets, Financial Institutions and Services,

Stress testing is becoming a widely used tool to assess potential vulnerabilities in a financial system. This paper is intended to answer some of the basic questions that may arise as part of the process of stress...