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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

'But we are different!'
			: 12 Common Weaknesses in Banking Laws, and What to Do About Them

'But we are different!' : 12 Common Weaknesses in Banking Laws, and What to Do About Them »

Volume/Issue: 2015/200

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wouter Bossu , and Dawn Chew

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513586458.001

ISBN: 9781513586458

Keywords: Banking Regulation, Policy Analysis, banking, laws, bank, banks, Government Policy and Regulation, Corporation and Securities Law, Regulated Industries and Administrative Law,

Well-designed banking laws are critical for regulating the market access and operations of banks, as well as their removal from the market in case of failure. While at a financial policy level there is a broad cons...

Equilibrium Non-Oil Current Account Assessments for Oil Producing Countries

Equilibrium Non-Oil Current Account Assessments for Oil Producing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2008/198

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas , Jun Kim , and Aqib Aslam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870565.001

ISBN: 9781451870565

Keywords: exchange rate assessment, oil-exporting countries, consumption smoothing, current account, current account balance, current accounts, current account deficit, current account deficits,

This paper introduces a methodology for assessing external balance in countries with large stocks of non-renewable resources based on oil stock data, and applies it to selected oil producing countries. The methodol...

The External Wealth of Nations
			: Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries

The External Wealth of Nations : Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1999/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853841.001

ISBN: 9781451853841

Keywords: foreign assets, external debt, foreign direct investment, equity flows, debt, liabilities, fdi

Capital flows are closely monitored, but surprisingly little is known about the stocks of external assets and liabilities held by countries, especially in the developing world. This paper constructs estimates of fo...