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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

IEO Annual Report 2014

IEO Annual Report 2014 »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498350891.017

ISBN: 9781498350891

Keywords: evaluation, imf, forecasts, monitoring, quality

The 2014 Annual Report of the Independent Evaluation Office of the International Monetary Fund....

Central Bank Independence and Transparency
			: Evolution and Effectiveness

Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness »

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869798.001

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

Transición hacia un tipo de cambio flexible ¿Cómo, cuándo y a qué ritmo?
			:

Transición hacia un tipo de cambio flexible ¿Cómo, cuándo y a qué ritmo? : »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Rupa Duttagupta , Cem Karacadag , and Gilda Fernandez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2006

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065406.051

ISBN: 9781589065406

Un número creciente de países están adoptando regímenes de tipo de cambio flexible porque la flexibilidad ofrece mayor protección frente a shocks externos y una mayor independencia monetaria. Otros países han atrav...

Exits From Pegged Regimes
			: An Empirical Analysis

Exits From Pegged Regimes : An Empirical Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2003/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Inci Ötker , and Rupa Duttagupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856750.001

ISBN: 9781451856750

Keywords: Pegged exchange rates, floating regimes, determinants of exits, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, trade openness, flexible exchange rate,

Using countries' de facto exchange rate regimes during 1985-2002, this paper analyzes the determinants of exits from pegged regimes, where exits involve shifts to more or less flexible regimes, or adjustments withi...

IMF Survey
			: Volume 28, Issue 12

IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 12 »

Volume/Issue: 28/12

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451931051.023

ISBN: 9781451931051

Keywords: moral hazard, financial system, capital markets, capital flows, international capital

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Exit Strategies
			: Policy Options for Countries Seeking Exchange Rate Flexibility

Exit Strategies : Policy Options for Countries Seeking Exchange Rate Flexibility »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Barry Eichengreen , Inci Ötker , A. Hamann , Esteban Jadresic , R. Johnston , Hugh Bredenkamp , and Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757340.084

ISBN: 9781557757340

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, exchange rate regime, monetary policy, monetary fund

In a world of increasing capital mobility and broadening and more diversified trade, many (but not all) developing and transition economies are likely to find it desirable to move from relatively fixed exchange rat...

The Demand for Money in Developing Countries
			: Assessing the Role of Financial innovation

The Demand for Money in Developing Countries : Assessing the Role of Financial innovation »

Volume/Issue: 1991/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jose De Gregorio , Peter Wickham , Patricio Arrau , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974218.001

ISBN: 9781451974218

Keywords: money demand, equation, cointegration, inflation

Traditional specifications of money demand have been commonly plagued by persistent overprediction, implausible parameter estimates, and highly autocorrelated errors. This paper argues that some of those problems s...

Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750341.071

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Edited by Mario I. Blejer and Ke-young Chu, this book investigates linkages among components of the public sector, as well as between macro and micro aspects of fiscal policy, in developing countries. It presents 1...

Finance & Development, December 1982

Finance & Development, December 1982 »

Volume/Issue: 19/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353513.022

ISBN: 9781616353513

Keywords: bank activity, capital markets, nonconcessional capital flows, bank publications, international capital markets

This paper highlights that on September 29, 1982, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) began to offer discount notes under a short-term borrowing program approved by its Board last...