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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Procyclical Behavior of Institutional Investors During the Recent Financial Crisis
			: Causes, Impacts, and Challenges

Procyclical Behavior of Institutional Investors During the Recent Financial Crisis : Causes, Impacts, and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2013/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Papaioannou , Joonkyu Park , Jukka Pihlman , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484336083.001

ISBN: 9781484336083

Keywords: long-term investments, institutional investors, procyclicality, financial stability, financial system, financial markets, bonds, bond, Portfolio Choice,

This paper (i) provides evidence on the procyclical investment behavior of major institutional investors during the global financial crisis; (ii) identifies the main factors that could account for such behavior; (i...

Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy

Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2013/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Itai Agur , and Sunil Sharma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475546699.001

ISBN: 9781475546699

Keywords: Macro-prudential policy, regulation, rules, decision makers, regulations, Government Policy and Regulation, Government Policy and Regulation,

The paper examines the implementation of macro-prudential policy. Given the coordination, flow of information, analysis, and communication required, macro-prudential frameworks will have weaknesses that make it har...

The Evolution of Asian Financial Linkages
			: Key Determinants and the Role of Policy

The Evolution of Asian Financial Linkages : Key Determinants and the Role of Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2012/262

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , Phurichai Rungcharoenkitkul , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475588682.001

ISBN: 9781475588682

Keywords: financial linkages, beta, global financial crisis, macroeconomic policies, financial markets, equity market, financial crisis, General,

This paper examines how Asian financial linkages with systemic economies have changed over time. After developing a factor model, it estimates Asian financial sensitivities to systemic economies, and then seeks to...

The Domestic Credit Supply Response to International Bank Deleveraging
			: Is Asia Different?

The Domestic Credit Supply Response to International Bank Deleveraging : Is Asia Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Sonali Jain-Chandra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475580914.001

ISBN: 9781475580914

Keywords: Global banks, liquidity shock, cross-border lending, instrumental variables, claims, banking, bank lending, bank for international settlements, instrumental variables., General,

During the global financial crisis, European banks contracted foreign claims on recipient economies sharply. This paper examines the impact of that deleveraging on credit supply in recipient economies, with a parti...

Banking and Trading

Banking and Trading »

Volume/Issue: 2012/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arnoud Boot , and Lev Ratnovski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475511215.001

ISBN: 9781475511215

Keywords: Bank regulation, proprietary trading, relationship banking, Volcker rule, moral hazard, financial markets, bank profits, bank profitability, Government Policy and Regulation,

We study the effects of a bank's engagement in trading. Traditional banking is relationship-based: not scalable, long-term oriented, with high implicit capital, and low risk (thanks to the law of large numbers). Tr...

Foreign Aid and Revenue
			: Still a Crowding Out Effect?

Foreign Aid and Revenue : Still a Crowding Out Effect? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , Sanjeev Gupta , Priscilla Muthoora , and Dora Benedek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505344.001

ISBN: 9781475505344

Keywords: tax revenues, tax revenue, total tax revenue

This paper reexamines the relationship between aid and domestic tax revenues using a more recent and comprehensive dataset covering 118 countries for the period 1980 - 2009. Overall, our results support earlier fin...

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter »

Volume/Issue: 2012/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463938437.001

ISBN: 9781463938437

Keywords: Exchange Rate Dynamics, Open-Economy Macro Models, Habits, Incomplete Markets, risk, consumption, exchange-rate, exchange rates, depreciation, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance

Dark matter accounts for 83 percent of the matter in the universe and plays a central role in cosmology modeling. This paper argues that an analogous form of dark matter plays a similarly important role in internat...

Clarity of Central Bank Communication About Inflation

Clarity of Central Bank Communication About Inflation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , David-Jan Jansen , and Martin Cihak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463931148.001

ISBN: 9781463931148

Keywords: communication, clarity, central bank, inflation target,

This paper examines whether the clarity of central bank communication about inflation has changed with the economic environment. We use readability statistics and content analysis to study the clarity of communicat...

Macrofinancial Linkages
			: Trends, Crises, and Policies

Macrofinancial Linkages : Trends, Crises, and Policies »

Series: Books

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , Simon Johnson , Jonathan Ostry , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069398.071

ISBN: 9781589069398

Keywords: financial integration, financial liberalization, corporate governance, financial globalization, banking crises

Macrofinancial linkages have long been at the core of the IMF's mandate to oversee the stability of the global financial system. With the advent of the economic crisis, the Fund has drawn on this research in order...