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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Gustavo Adler , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513585840.001

ISBN: 9781513585840

Keywords: exchange rate, gross capital flows, exchange, market, General,

Many emerging market economies have relied on foreign exchange intervention (FXI) in response to gross capital inflows. In this paper, we study whether FXI has been an effective tool to dampen the effects of these...

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets
			: Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets : Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals »

Volume/Issue: 2015/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Stijn Claessens , and Damien Puy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526638.001

ISBN: 9781513526638

Keywords: Push factors, global banks, markets, portfolio, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Portfolio Choice,

This paper analyzes the behavior of gross capital inflows across 34 emerging markets (EMs). We first confirm that aggregate inflows to EMs co-move considerably. We then report three findings: (i) the aggregate co-m...

World Saving

World Saving »

Volume/Issue: 2014/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , Alexander Herman , and Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545517.001

ISBN: 9781475545517

Keywords: corporate saving, Global Financial Crisis, household saving, national saving, private saving, saving, income, future, trade, Models with Panel Data

This paper presents new evidence on the behavior of saving in the world, by extending previous empirical research in five dimensions. First, it is based on a very large and recent database, covering 165 countries f...

Effectiveness of Capital Outflow Restrictions

Effectiveness of Capital Outflow Restrictions »

Volume/Issue: 2014/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Saborowski , Sarah Sanya , Hans Weisfeld , and Juan Yepez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484379752.001

ISBN: 9781484379752

Keywords: Emerging economies, capital outflow, capital flow, net capital, General, Globalization: Finance,

This paper examines the effectiveness of capital outflow restrictions in a sample of 37 emerging market economies during the period 1995-2010, using a panel vector autoregression approach with interaction terms. Sp...

Understanding Countries' Tax Effort

Understanding Countries' Tax Effort »

Volume/Issue: 2013/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ricardo Fenochietto , and Carola Pessino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301272.001

ISBN: 9781484301272

Keywords: tax effort, tax frontier, tax capacity, stochastic tax frontier, inefficiency, tax revenues, tax analysis, determinants of tax revenue, tax system, Models with Panel Data

This paper presents a model to determine the tax effort and tax capacity of 113 countries and the main variables on which they depend. The results and the model allow a clear determination of which countries are ne...

The Macroprudential Framework
			: Policy Responsiveness and Institutional Arrangements

The Macroprudential Framework : Policy Responsiveness and Institutional Arrangements »

Volume/Issue: 2013/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheng Lim , Ivo Krznar , Fabian Lipinsky , Akira Otani , and Xiaoyong Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484377819.001

ISBN: 9781484377819

Keywords: macroprudential, institutions, instruments, interest rate, mortgage, central bank, reserve requirement, reserve requirements, mortgage loans, Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper gauges if, and how, institutional arrangements are correlated with the use of macroprudential policy instruments. Using data from 39 countries, the paper evaluates policy response time in various types o...

Growth Forecast Errors and  Fiscal Multipliers

Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers »

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475576443.001

ISBN: 9781475576443

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal consolidation, fiscal multipliers, growth forecast, fiscal balance, General, General, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits

This paper investigates the relation between growth forecast errors and planned fiscal consolidation during the crisis. We find that, in advanced economies, stronger planned fiscal consolidation has been associated...

Rapid Credit Growth
			: Boon or Boom-Bust?

Rapid Credit Growth : Boon or Boom-Bust? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/241

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463922627.001

ISBN: 9781463922627

Keywords: boom-bust cycles, emerging Asia, capital inflows, credit boom, current account deficits, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Episodes of rapid credit growth, especially credit booms, tend to end abruptly, typically in the form of financial crises. This paper presents the findings of a comprehensive event study focusing on 99 credit booms...

Global Poverty Estimates
			: A Sensitivity Analysis

Global Poverty Estimates : A Sensitivity Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2011/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Camelia Minoiu , and Shatakshee Dhongde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463922009.001

ISBN: 9781463922009

Keywords: global poverty, household surveys, international poverty line, poverty line, surveys, statistics, Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions

Current estimates of global poverty vary substantially across studies. In this paper we undertake a novel sensitivity analysis to highlight the importance of methodological choices in estimating global poverty. We...